win32 1.7.3

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A Dart library for accessing common Win32 APIs using FFI. No C required!

A package that wraps some of the most common Win32 API calls using FFI to make them accessible to Dart code without requiring a C compiler or the Windows SDK.

pub package Language

Perhaps of as much use as the APIs themselves, this package provides a variety of instructive examples for more complex FFI usage scenarios.

By design, this package provides minimal modifications to the Win32 API to support Dart idioms. The goal is to provide high familiarity to an existing Win32 developer. Other plugins may build on these primitives to provide a friendly API for Dart and Flutter developers. A good example of that is filepicker_windows, which offers a common item dialog suitable for incorporation into an existing Flutter app.

Usage #

This package lets you write apps that use the Windows API directly from Dart, by wrapping common Win32, COM and Windows Runtime APIs using Dart FFI.

You could use it to call a Win32 API like EnumFontFamiliesEx to enumerate all locally-installed fonts:

Fonts screenshot

or access system information that is not exposed directly by the Dart framework libraries:

System information screenshot

You could use it to build a Windows app with Flutter that relies on Win32 APIs:

Disk explorer screenshot

You could even use it to build a traditional Win32 app, written purely in Dart, that could have come straight out of a classic Charles Petzold book on programming Windows apps:

Dart notepad screenshot

or even, perhaps, a fully-fledged game using GDI:

Dart Tetris for Win32 screenshot

You might even build a package that depends upon it, like dart_console, which enables advanced console manipulation:

Dart console ANSI color demo screenshot

or filepicker_windows, which provides a modern Windows file picker for Flutter:

Windows file picker screenshot

Getting started #

Many more samples can be found in the example\ subdirectory, along with a test suite in the test\ subdirectory that shows other API calls.

A good starting point is hello.dart. This example demonstrates creating a Win32 window and responding to common messages such as WM_PAINT through a WindowProc callback function.

To run it, type:

dart example\hello.dart

This should display a window with a text message.

This can be compiled into a standalone Win32 executable by running:

dart compile exe example\hello.dart -o example\bin\hello.exe

Samples #

Dart samples #

The package includes a number of examples in the example subdirectory. These examples use the Win32 API for all UI display and do not require Flutter.

ExampleDescription
hello.dartBasic Petzoldian "hello world" Win32 app
paint.dartDemonstrates simple GDI drawing and min/max window sizing
scroll.dartExample of horizontal and vertical scrolling text window
console.dartShows usage of console APIs
msgbox.dartDemonstrates a MessageBox from the console
calendar.dartGets information about the calendar from a WinRT API
sendinput.dartSends keyboard and mouse input to another window
knownfolder.dartRetrieves known folders from the current user profile
window.dartEnumerates open windows and basic window manipulation
monitor.dartUses DDC and monitor-config API to get monitor caps
wallpaper.dartShows what wallpaper and background color are set
guid.dartCreates a globally unique identifier (GUID)
devices.dartUses volume management APIs to list all disk devices
modules.dartEnumerates all loaded modules on the current system
snake.dartSnake game using various GDI features
dialogshow.dartCreates a common item dialog (file picker) using COM
wmi.dartUsing WMI from COM to retrieve device/OS information
sysinfo.dartExamples of getting device information from native C APIs
filever.dartGetting file version information from the file resource
manifest\Demonstrates the use of app manifests for compiled apps
winmd.dartInterrogate Windows Runtime types
credentials.dartAdds a credential to the store and retrieves it
dynamic_load.dartDemonstrate loading a DLL and calling it at runtime
tetris\main.dartPort of an open-source Tetris game to Dart
notepad\notepad.dartLightweight replica of the Windows notepad applet

Flutter samples #

The explorer\ subdirectory contains an example of a simple Flutter app that uses the volume management Win32 APIs to find the disk drives connected to your computer and their volume IDs and attached paths.

Requirements #

This package assumes the Dart 32-bit or 64-bit compiler, running on Windows.

Features and bugs #

Let me know what APIs you're interested in seeing. I'm not planning to project the entire Windows API, but I'm particularly interested in examples that either unblock a plugin for Windows or that demonstrate more complex Windows APIs that represent an important pattern.

Please file feature requests and bugs at the issue tracker. This is a hobby project, and should not be viewed as having the same level of quality assurance as an official package from the Dart team. I'm a product manager having fun on my weekends!

Acknowledgements #

The Tetris example listed above is a fuller worked example of a reasonably complete program that uses the Dart Win32 package. It is a port of a C version of the game by Chang-Hung Liang. More information...

The C implementation of the Snake game is by David Jones, and is ported with his permission.

The original C version of the Notepad example was originally authored by Charles Petzold, and is kindly licensed by him without restriction.

The summary Win32 API documentation comments are licensed by Microsoft under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License.

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sneath.org

A Dart library for accessing common Win32 APIs using FFI. No C required!

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ffi

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