CARP Mobile Sensing Framework in Flutter

This library contains the software architecture for the CARP sensing framework implemented in Flutter. Supports cross-platform (iOS and Android) sensing.

pub package

For Flutter plugins for other CARP products, see CARP Mobile Sensing in Flutter.

Usage

To use this plugin, add carp_mobile_sensing as a dependency in your pubspec.yaml file.

Android Integration

Add the following to your app's manifest.xml file located in android/app/src/main:

<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="<your_package_name>"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools">

   ...
   
   <!-- The following permissions are used for CARP Mobile Sensing -->
   <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.PACKAGE_USAGE_STATS" tools:ignore="ProtectedPermissions"/>

</manifest>

Note that version 0.5.0 is migrated to AndroidX. This shouldn't result in any functional changes, but it requires any Android apps using this plugin to also migrate if they're using the original support library. See Flutter AndroidX compatibility

iOS Integration

Add this permission in the Info.plist file located in ios/Runner:

<key>UIBackgroundModes</key>
  <array>
  <string>bluetooth-central</string>
  <string>bluetooth-peripheral</string>
  <string>external-accessory</string>
  <string>fetch</string>
</array>

Documentation

The Dart API doc describes the different libraries and classes.

The wiki contains detailed documentation on the CARP Mobile Sensing Framework, including the domain model, its built-in probes, and how to extend it.

Below is a few simple / minimum examples (a better description is available on the wiki).

Examples

In the following example, a study is created "by hand", i.e. you specify each task and measure in the study.

// Import package
import 'package:carp_mobile_sensing/carp_mobile_sensing.dart';

some_method() async {
  // Create a study using a File Backend
  Study study = Study("1234", "user@dtu.dk",
      name: "An example study",
      dataEndPoint: FileDataEndPoint()
        ..bufferSize = 500 * 1000
        ..zip = true
        ..encrypt = false);

  // add sensor collection from accelerometer and gyroscope
  // careful - these sensors generate a lot of data!
  study.addTriggerTask(
      DelayedTrigger(1000), // delay sampling for one second
      Task('Sensor Task')
        ..addMeasure(PeriodicMeasure(MeasureType(NameSpace.CARP, SensorSamplingPackage.ACCELEROMETER),
            frequency: 10 * 1000, // sample every 10 secs
            duration: 2 // for 2 ms
            ))
        ..addMeasure(PeriodicMeasure(MeasureType(NameSpace.CARP, SensorSamplingPackage.GYROSCOPE),
            frequency: 20 * 1000, // sample every 20 secs
            duration: 2 // for 2 ms
            )));

  study.addTriggerTask(
      PeriodicTrigger(24 * 60 * 60 * 1000), // trigger sampling once pr. day
      Task('Task collecting a list of all installed apps')
        ..addMeasure(Measure(MeasureType(NameSpace.CARP, AppsSamplingPackage.APPS))));

  // creating measure variable to be used later
  PeriodicMeasure lightMeasure = PeriodicMeasure(MeasureType(NameSpace.CARP, SensorSamplingPackage.LIGHT),
      name: "Ambient Light", frequency: 11 * 1000, duration: 700);
  study.addTriggerTask(ImmediateTrigger(), Task('Light')..addMeasure(lightMeasure));

  // Create a Study Controller that can manage this study, initialize it, and start it.
  StudyController controller = StudyController(study);
  // await initialization before starting
  await controller.initialize();
  controller.start();

  // listening on all data events from the study
  controller.events.forEach(print);

  // listen on only CARP events
  controller.events.where((datum) => datum.format.namepace == NameSpace.CARP).forEach(print);

  // listen on LIGHT events only
  controller.events.where((datum) => datum.format.name == SensorSamplingPackage.LIGHT).forEach(print);

  // map events to JSON and then print
  controller.events.map((datum) => datum.toJson()).forEach(print);

  // listening on a specific probe registered in the ProbeRegistry
  // this is equivalent to the statement above
  ProbeRegistry.probes[SensorSamplingPackage.LIGHT].events.forEach(print);

  // subscribe to events
  StreamSubscription<Datum> subscription = controller.events.listen((Datum datum) {
    // do something w. the datum, e.g. print the json
    print(JsonEncoder.withIndent(' ').convert(datum));
  });

  // sampling can be paused and resumed
  controller.pause();
  controller.resume();

  // pause / resume specific probe(s)
  ProbeRegistry.lookup(SensorSamplingPackage.ACCELEROMETER).pause();
  ProbeRegistry.lookup(SensorSamplingPackage.ACCELEROMETER).resume();

  // adapt measures on the go - calling hasChanged() force a restart of the probe, which will load the new measure
  lightMeasure
    ..frequency = 12 * 1000
    ..duration = 500
    ..hasChanged();

  // disabling a measure will pause the probe
  lightMeasure
    ..enabled = false
    ..hasChanged();

  // once the sampling has to stop, e.g. in a Flutter dispose() methods, call stop.
  // note that once a sampling has stopped, it cannot be restarted.
  controller.stop();
}

However, you can se up a study quite simple, by using sampling schemas. Below is an example of this:

 StudyController controller = StudyController(
    study,
    samplingSchema: SamplingSchema.common(),
  );

  await controller.initialize();
  controller.start();

  // listening on all data events from the study
  controller.events.forEach(print);

There is a very simple example app app which shows how a study can be created with different tasks and measures. This app just prints the sensing data to a console screen on the phone.

However, the CARP Mobile Sensing App provides a MUCH better example of how to use the package in a Flutter BLoC architecture, including good documentation of how to do this.

Features and bugs

Please read about existing issues and file new feature requests and bug reports at the issue tracker.

License

This software is copyright (c) 2018 Copenhagen Center for Health Technology (CACHET) at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU). This software is made available 'as-is' in a MIT license.

Libraries

apps
A library for collecting data from apps on the phone.
carp_mobile_sensing
This library contains the software architecture for the CARP sensing framework implemented in Flutter. Supports cross-platform (iOS and Android) sensing.
connectivity
A library for collecting connectivity data on: [...]
data_managers
A library for handling data stores.
device
A library for collecting information from the device hardware: [...]
domain
The core CARP domain classes like Study, Task, and Measure. Also hold JSON serialization logic to serialize Datum objects into a DataPoint as well as deseralization of Study objects obtained from a StudyManager.
omh
A library for transforming data into the Open mHealth (OMH) data formats.
privacy
A library of default privacy enhancing transformers.
runtime
Contains classes for running the sensing framework incl. the StudyExecutor, TaskExecutor and different types of abstract Probes.
sensors
Contain classes for collecting data from the basic device sensors: [...]