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Utilities for building and parsing URIs, including support for parsing URI templates as defined in RFC 6570.


Utilities for working with URIs in Dart, mostly parsing and generating URIs.

UriPattern #

UriPattern is an interface for classes that match and parse URIs, much like the Pattern is for Strings. It defines the methods bool matches(Uri uri) and UriMatch match(Uri uri).

UriMatch #

UriMatch is the result of UriPattern.match(). It contains the parameters parsed out of a URI and the "rest" of the URI left over after parsing, which is useful for parsing a single URI with multiple relative URI patterns that form a hierarchy.

UriTemplate #

UriTemplate is an implementation of RFC 6570 URI Templates. URI Templates are useful for generating URIs from data. UriTemplates are created from a template string, and then expanded with data to generate a URI:

var template = UriTemplate("http://example.com/~{user}/");
String fredUri = template.expand({'user': 'fred'});
print(fredUri); // prints: http://example.com/~fred/

Syntax #

URI templates are strings made up of fixed and variable parts. The variable parts are described with expressions, which are places within single curly-braces: { and }.

Expressions consist of an optional operator and a comma-separated list of variable specifications_. Variable specifications consist of a variable name and an optional modifier. The operator applies to the whole expression and controls how reserved characters are expanded, the prefix and separator, if any, applied to the expansion, and whether to expand the variable as a key/value pair. Modifiers apply to each variable in the expression and allow truncating the value, or "exploding" list and maps into multiple key/value pairs.


  • http://example.com/~{username}/
  • http://example.com/dictionary/{term:1}/{term}
  • http://example.com/search{?q,lang}


URI template expansions does more than simple variable replacement, it has facilities for generating paths, fragments, query strings and more. To control the expansion, expressions can use one of the supported operators:

Operator Description
none Simple string expansion
+ Reserved string expansion
# Fragment expansion
. Label expansion, dot-prefixed
/ Path segments, slash-prefixed
; Path-style parameters, semicolon-prefixed
? Form-style query, ampersand-separated
& Form-style query continuation


Modifiers control

Modifier Description
none Default expansion
:n Prefix: use only the first n characters of the value
* "Explode" the lists and maps into key/value pairs

UriParser #

UriParser parses URIs according to a UriTemplate, extracting parameters based on the variables defined in the template.

Since URI Templates are not designed to be parsable, only a restricted subset of templates can be used for parsing.

Parsable templates have the following restrictions over expandable templates:

  • URI components must come in order: scheme, host, path, query, fragment. There can only be one of each component.
  • Path expressions can only contain one variable.
  • Multiple expressions must be separated by a literal.
  • Only the following operators are supported: none, +, #, ?, &
  • Default and + operators are not allowed in query or fragment components.
  • Queries can only use the ? or & operator.
  • The ? operator can only be used once.
  • Fragments can only use the # operator

UriBuilder #

UriBuilder is mutable container of URI components for incrementally building Uris.

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Utilities for building and parsing URIs, including support for parsing URI templates as defined in RFC 6570.

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