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Easy access to the current tilt on `x` and `y` axis.

tilt #

Easy access to the current tilt on x and y axis on Android and iOS devices with gyroscope and accelerometer sensors.

The package uses a simplified complementary filter to estimate device's current roll and pitch based on gyroscope and accelerometer data.

These two data sources are combined in order to mitigate their unique disadvantages (accelerometer's noise and gyroscope's eventual drift), while combining their strengths (accelerometer's relative stability of measurement and gyroscope's precission).

That being said, it means that no single Tilt value should be taken as an absolute true tilt of the device: each emitted value contains some proportion of error.

Usage #

DeviceTilt provides access to a Stream<Tilt> which emitts updates at the given sampling rate.

StreamBuilder<Tilt>(
  stream: DeviceTilt(
    samplingRateMs: 20,
    initialTilt: const Tilt(0, 0),
    filterGain: 0.1,
  ).stream,
  builder: (context, snapshot) {
    if (snapshot.hasData && snapshot.data != null) {
      return Text(snapshot.data!.toString());
    }
    return const CircularProgressIndicator();
  },
);
  • samplingRateMs determines how often the stream emitts updates. It's recommended to keep this value relatively small (i.e., update frequently), otherwise the complementary filter won't be able to correct the tilt values as accurately.
  • initialTilt can be optionally provided, in case you know the exact tilt of the device when you subscribe to the stream. Even if incorrectly assuming (0, 0) as the initial tilt, which is the default behavior, the values will correct themselves over time, thanks to accelerometer data.
  • filterGain determines the proportion of gyroscope and accelerometer data present in the final result. If set to 0, the final estimate is based solely on accelerometer data, while a value of 1 would mean that only gyroscope data determines the tilt. Neither of these extremes are recommended.

What about yaw? #

Theoretically, yaw of the device could be calculated by complementing gyroscope with magnetometer data. Practically, meaningfully magnetometer values would have to include a lot of calibration (to get around device's internal magnetic properties), and even then would not be very reliable, due to Earth's magnetic field being much weaker than magnetic fields surrounding the sensor (such as other electronic devices).

Both Android and iOS SDKs provide readily available information about compass heading. However, it's necessary to obtain location permission to access this data, which seemed out of scope for a simple package that calculates the tilt. If you still need the yaw value, you can check out flutter_compass package.

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Easy access to the current tilt on `x` and `y` axis.

Repository (GitHub)
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Documentation

API reference

License

Icon for licenses.MIT (LICENSE)

Dependencies

flutter, sensors_plus, stream_transform

More

Packages that depend on tilt