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A Dart mock library which simplifies mocking with null safety support and no manual mocks or code generation.

🍹 mocktail #

Pub build coverage License: MIT


Mock library for Dart inspired by mockito.

Mocktail focuses on providing a familiar, simple API for creating mocks in Dart (with null-safety) without the need for manual mocks or code generation.

Creating a Mock #

import 'package:mocktail/mocktail.dart';

// A Real Cat class
class Cat {
  String sound() => 'meow!';
  bool likes(String food, {bool isHungry = false}) => false;
  final int lives = 9;
}

// A Mock Cat class
class MockCat extends Mock implements Cat {}

void main() {
  // Create a Mock Cat instance
  final cat = MockCat();
}

Stub and Verify Behavior #

The MockCat instance can then be used to stub and verify calls.

// Stub the `sound` method.
when(() => cat.sound()).thenReturn('meow');

// Verify no interactions have occurred.
verifyNever(() => cat.sound());

// Interact with the mock cat instance.
cat.sound();

// Verify the interaction occurred.
verify(() => cat.sound()).called(1);

// Interact with the mock instance again.
cat.sound();

// Verify the interaction occurred twice.
verify(() => cat.sound()).called(2);

Additional Usage #

// Stub a method before interacting with the mock.
when(() => cat.sound()).thenReturn('purrr!');
expect(cat.sound(), 'purrr!');

// You can interact with the mock multiple times.
expect(cat.sound(), 'purrr!');

// You can change the stub.
when(() => cat.sound()).thenReturn('meow!');
expect(cat.sound(), 'meow');

// You can stub getters.
when(() => cat.lives).thenReturn(10);
expect(cat.lives, 10);

// You can stub a method for specific arguments.
when(() => cat.likes('fish', isHungry: false)).thenReturn(true);
expect(cat.likes('fish', isHungry: false), isTrue);

// You can verify the interaction for specific arguments.
verify(() => cat.likes('fish', isHungry: false)).called(1);

// You can stub a method using argument matcher: `any`.
// When stubbing a positional argument, use `any()`.
// When stubbing a named argument, use `any(named: '<argName>`)`.
// A custom matcher can be provided using `any(that: customMatcher)`.
when(() => cat.likes(any(), isHungry: any(named: 'isHungry', that: isFalse)).thenReturn(true);
expect(cat.likes('fish', isHungry: false), isTrue);

// You can stub a method to throw.
when(() => cat.sound()).thenThrow(Exception('oops'));
expect(() => cat.sound(), throwsA(isA<Exception>()));

// You can calculate stubs dynamically.
final sounds = ['purrr', 'meow'];
when(() => cat.sound()).thenAnswer((_) => sounds.removeAt(0));
expect(cat.sound(), 'purrr');
expect(cat.sound(), 'meow');

// You can capture any argument.
when(() => cat.likes('fish')).thenReturn(true);
expect(cat.likes('fish'), isTrue);
final captured = verify(() => cat.likes(captureAny())).captured;
expect(captured.last, equals(['fish']));

// You can capture a specific argument based on a matcher.
when(() => cat.likes(any())).thenReturn(true);
expect(cat.likes('fish'), isTrue);
expect(cat.likes('dog food'), isTrue);
final captured = verify(() => cat.likes(captureAny(that: startsWith('d')))).captured;
expect(captured.last, equals(['dog food']));

Resetting Mocks #

reset(cat); // Reset stubs and interactions

How it works #

Mocktail uses closures to handle catching TypeError instances which would otherwise propagate and cause test failures when stubbing/verifying non-nullable return types. Check out #24 for more information.

In order to support argument matchers such as any and captureAny mocktail has to register default fallback values to return when the argument matchers are used. Out of the box, it automatically handles all primitive types, however, when using argument matchers in place of custom types developers must use registerFallbackValue to provide a default return value. It is only required to call registerFallbackValue once per type so it is recommended to place all registerFallbackValue calls within setUpAll.

class Food {...}

class Cat {
  bool likes(Food food) {...}
}

...

class MockCat extends Mock implements Cat {}

class FakeFood extends Fake implements Food {}

void main() {
  setUpAll(() {
    registerFallbackValue(FakeFood());
  });

  test('...', () {
    final cat = MockCat();
    when(() => cat.likes(any()).thenReturn(true);
    ...
  });
}

FAQs #

Why am I getting an invalid_implementation_override error when trying to Fake certain classes like ThemeData and ColorScheme?

Relevant Issue

This is likely due to differences in the function signature of toString for the class and can be resolved using a mixin as demonstrated below:

mixin DiagnosticableToStringMixin on Object {
  @override
  String toString({DiagnosticLevel minLevel = DiagnosticLevel.info}) {
    return super.toString();
  }
}

class FakeThemeData extends Fake
  with DiagnosticableToStringMixin
  implements ThemeData {}

Why can't I stub/verify extension methods properly?

Relevant Issue

Extension methods cannot be stubbed/verified as they are treated like static methods. This means that calls go directly to the extension method without caring about the instance. As a result, stubs and verify calls to extensions always result in an invocation of the real extension method.

Instead of stubbing/verifying extension methods directly, prefer to stub/verify public members on the instance with which the extension methods interact.

Why am I seeing error: type 'Null' is not a subtype of type 'Future

Relevant Issue

By default when a class extends Mock any unstubbed methods return null.

For example, take the following class:

class Person {
  Future<void> sleep() {
    await Future<void>.delayed(Duration(hours: 8));
  }
}

We can create a MockPerson like:

class MockPerson extends Mock implements Person {}

If we have code that invokes sleep on MockPerson we will get a TypeError:

type 'Null' is not a subtype of type 'Future<void>'

This is because we did not stub sleep so when sleep is called on an instance of MockPerson, mocktail returns null which is not compatible with Future<void>.

To address this, we must explicitly stub sleep like:

final person = MockPerson();
when(person.sleep).thenAnswer((_) async {});
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A Dart mock library which simplifies mocking with null safety support and no manual mocks or code generation.

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Icon for licenses.MIT (LICENSE)

Dependencies

collection, matcher, test

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