flutter_widget_from_html_core 0.5.1+4
flutter_widget_from_html_core: ^0.5.1+4

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Flutter package for widget tree building from html that focuses on correctness and extensibility.

Flutter Widget from HTML (core) #

Flutter codecov Pub

A Flutter package for building Flutter widget tree from HTML with support for 70+ most popular tags.

Live demo

Getting Started #

Add this to your app's pubspec.yaml file:

dependencies:
  flutter_widget_from_html_core: ^0.5.1+4

Usage #

Then you have to import the package with:

import 'package:flutter_widget_from_html_core/flutter_widget_from_html_core.dart';

And use HtmlWidget where appropriate:

HtmlWidget(
  // the first parameter (`html`) is required
  '''
  <h1>Heading 1</h1>
  <h2>Heading 2</h2>
  <h3>Heading 3</h3>
  <!-- anything goes here -->
  ''',

  // all other parameters are optional, a few notable params:

  // specify custom styling for an element
  // see supported inline styling below
  customStylesBuilder: (element) {
    if (element.classes.contains('foo')) {
      return {'color': 'red'};
    }

    return null;
  },

  // render a custom widget
  customWidgetBuilder: (element) {
    if (element.attributes['foo'] == 'bar') {
      return FooBarWidget();
    }

    return null;
  },

  // this callback will be triggered when user taps a link
  onTapUrl: (url) => print('tapped $url'),

  // set the default styling for text
  textStyle: TextStyle(fontSize: 14),
),

Features #

HTML tags #

Below tags are the ones that have special meaning / styling, all other tags will be parsed as text. Compare between Flutter rendering and browser's.

  • A: underline, blue color, tapping will trigger HtmlWidget.onTapUrl callback
  • H1/H2/H3/H4/H5/H6
  • IMG with support for asset (asset://), data uri and network image
  • LI/OL/UL with support for:
    • Attributes: type, start, reversed
    • Inline style list-style-type values: lower-alpha, upper-alpha, lower-latin, upper-latin, circle, decimal, disc, lower-roman, upper-roman, square
  • TABLE/CAPTION/THEAD/TBODY/TFOOT/TR/TD/TH with support for:
    • TABLE attributes (border, cellpadding) and inline style (border)
    • TD/TH attributes colspan, rowspan are parsed but ignored during rendering, use flutter_widget_from_html if you need them
  • ABBR, ACRONYM, ADDRESS, ARTICLE, ASIDE, B, BIG, BLOCKQUOTE, BR, CENTER, CITE, CODE, DD, DEL, DFN, DIV, DL, DT, EM, FIGCAPTION, FIGURE, FONT, FOOTER, HEADER, HR, I, IMG, INS, KBD, MAIN, NAV, P, PRE, Q, RP, RT, RUBY, S, SAMP, SECTION, STRIKE, STRONG, SUB, SUP, TT, U, VAR
  • Everything with screenshot: https://html-widget-demo.now.sh/supported/tags.html

These tags requires flutter_widget_from_html:

  • IFRAME
  • SVG
  • VIDEO

These tags and their contents will be ignored:

  • SCRIPT
  • STYLE

Attributes #

  • align: center/end/justify/left/right/start/-moz-center/-webkit-center
  • dir: auto/ltr/rtl

Inline stylings #

  • background (color only), background-color: hex values, rgb(), hsl() or named colors
  • border-top, border-bottom: overline/underline with support for dashed/dotted/double/solid style
  • color: hex values, rgb(), hsl() or named colors
  • direction (similar to dir attribute)
  • font-family
  • font-size: absolute (e.g. xx-large), relative (larger, smaller) or values in em, %, pt and px
  • font-style: italic/normal
  • font-weight: bold/normal/100..900
  • line-height: normal, number or values in em, %, pt and px
  • margin and margin-xxx: values in em, pt and px
  • padding and padding-xxx: values in em, pt and px
  • vertical-align: baseline/top/bottom/middle/sub/super
  • text-align (similar to align attribute)
  • text-decoration: line-through/none/overline/underline
  • text-overflow: clip/ellipsis. Note: text-overflow: ellipsis should be used in conjuntion with max-lines or -webkit-line-clamp for better result.
  • Sizing (width, height, max-xxx, min-xxx): auto or values in em, %, pt and px

Extensibility #

This package implements widget building logic with high testing coverage to ensure correctness. It tries to render an optimal tree by using RichText with specific TextStyle, merge text spans together, show images in sized box, etc. The idea is to build a solid foundation for apps to customize easily. There are two ways to alter the output widget tree.

  1. Use callbacks like customStylesBuilder or customWidgetBuilder for small changes
  2. Use a custom WidgetFactory for complete control of the rendering process

The enhanced package (flutter_widget_from_html) uses a custom WidgetFactory to handle complicated tags like IFRAME, VIDEO, etc.

Callbacks #

For cosmetic changes like color, italic, etc., use customStylesBuilder to specify inline styles (see supported list above) for each DOM element. Some common conditionals:

  • If HTML tag is H1 element.localName == 'h1'
  • If the element has foo CSS class element.classes.contains('foo')
  • If an attribute has a specific value element.attributes['x'] == 'y'

This example changes the color for a CSS class:

HtmlWidget(
  'Hello <span class="name">World</span>!',
  customStylesBuilder: (element) {
    if (element.classes.contains('name')) {
      return {'color': 'red'};
    }
    return null;
  },
),

For fairly simple widget, use customWidgetBuilder. You will need to handle the DOM element and its children manually. The next example renders a carousel (try it live):

const kHtml = '''
<p>...</p>
<div class="carousel">
  <div class="image">
    <img src="https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1514888286974-6c03e2ca1dba" />
  </div>
  ...
</div>
<p>...</p>
''';

class CustomWidgetBuilderScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) => Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(
          title: Text('CustomStylesBuilderScreen'),
        ),
        body: SingleChildScrollView(
          child: Padding(
            padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
            child: HtmlWidget(
              kHtml,
              customWidgetBuilder: (e) {
                if (!e.classes.contains('carousel')) return null;

                final srcs = <String>[];
                for (final child in e.children) {
                  for (final grandChild in child.children) {
                    srcs.add(grandChild.attributes['src']);
                  }
                }

                return CarouselSlider(
                  options: CarouselOptions(
                    autoPlay: true,
                    autoPlayAnimationDuration: const Duration(milliseconds: 250),
                    autoPlayInterval: const Duration(milliseconds: 1000),
                    enlargeCenterPage: true,
                    enlargeStrategy: CenterPageEnlargeStrategy.scale,
                  ),
                  items: srcs.map(_toItem).toList(growable: false),
                );
              },
            ),
          ),
        ),
      );

  static Widget _toItem(String src) => Container(
        child: Center(
          child: Image.network(src, fit: BoxFit.cover, width: 1000),
        ),
      );
}

Custom WidgetFactory #

The HTML string is parsed into DOM elements and each element is visited once to collect BuildMetadata and prepare BuildBits. See step by step how it works:

StepIntegration point
1ParseWidgetFactory.parse(BuildMetadata)
2Inform parents if anyBuildOp.onChild(BuildMetadata)
3Populate default stylingBuildOp.defaultStyles(Element)
4Populate custom stylingHtmlWidget.customStylesBuilder
5Parse styling key+value pairs, parseStyle may be called multiple timesWidgetFactory.parseStyle(BuildMetadata, String, String), WidgetFactory.parseStyleDisplay(BuildMetadata, String)
6a. If a custom widget is provided, go to 7HtmlWidget.customWidgetBuilder
b. Loop through children elements to prepare BuildBits
7Inform build opsBuildOp.onTree(BuildMetadata, BuildTree)
8a. If not a block element, go to 10
b. Build widgets from bits using a FlattenerUse existing BuildBit or extends from it, overriding .swallowWhitespace to control whitespace, etc.
9Inform build opsBuildOp.onWidgets(BuildMetadata, Iterable<Widget>)
10The end

Notes:

  • Text related styling can be changed with TextStyleBuilder, register your callback to be called when the build context is ready.
    • The first parameter is a TextStyleHtml which is immutable and is calculated from the root down to each element, the callback must return a new TextStyleHtml by calling copyWith. It's recommended to return the same object if no change is needed.
    • Optionally, pass any object on registration and your callback will receive it as the second parameter.
// example 1: simple callback setting accent color from theme
meta.tsb((parent, _) =>
  parent.copyWith(
    style: parent.style.copyWith(
      color: parent.getDependency<ThemeData>().accentColor,
    ),
  ));

// example 2: callback using second param to set height
TextStyleHtml callback(TextStyleHtml parent, double value) =>
  parent.copyWith(height: value)

// example 2 (continue): register with some value
meta.tsb<double>(callback, 2.0);
  • The root styling can be customized by overriding WidgetFactory.onRoot(TextStyleBuilder)
  • Other complicated styling are supported via BuildOp
meta.register(BuildOp(
  onTree: (meta, tree) {
    tree.add(...);
  },
  onWidgets: (meta, widgets) => widgets.map((widget) => ...),
));
  • Each metadata may have as many tsb callbacks and build ops as needed.

The example below replaces smilie inline image with an emoji:

const kHtml = """
<p>Hello <img class="smilie smilie-1" alt=":)" src="http://domain.com/sprites.png" />!</p>
<p>How are you <img class="smilie smilie-2" alt=":P" src="http://domain.com/sprites.png" />?
""";

const kSmilies = {':)': '🙂'};

class SmilieScreen extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) => Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(
          title: Text('SmilieScreen'),
        ),
        body: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.all(8.0),
          child: HtmlWidget(
            kHtml,
            factoryBuilder: () => _SmiliesWidgetFactory(),
          ),
        ),
      );
}

class _SmiliesWidgetFactory extends WidgetFactory {
  final smilieOp = BuildOp(
    onTree: (meta, tree) {
      final alt = meta.element.attributes['alt'];
      tree.addText(kSmilies[alt] ?? alt);
    },
  );

  @override
  void parse(BuildMetadata meta) {
    final e = meta.element;
    if (e.localName == 'img' &&
        e.classes.contains('smilie') &&
        e.attributes.containsKey('alt')) {
      meta.register(smilieOp);
      return;
    }

    return super.parse(meta);
  }
}
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Publisher

daohoangson.com

Flutter package for widget tree building from html that focuses on correctness and extensibility.

Homepage
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Documentation

API reference

License

MIT (LICENSE)

Dependencies

flutter, html

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