flutter_rx_bloc 1.1.0
flutter_rx_bloc: ^1.1.0

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Set of Flutter Widgets that help implementing the BLoC design pattern. Built to be used with the rx_bloc package.

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A Flutter package that helps implement the BLoC Design Pattern using the power of reactive streams.

This package is built to work with rx_bloc and rx_bloc_generator

Bloc Widgets #

RxBlocBuilder is a Flutter widget which requires a RxBloc, a builder and a state function. RxBlocBuilder handles building the widget in response to new states. RxBlocBuilder is very similar to StreamBuilder but has a more simple API to reduce the amount of boilerplate code needed.

  • The builder function will potentially be called many times and should be a pure function that returns a widget in response to the state.
  • The state function determines which exact state of the bloc will be used.
  • If the bloc parameter is omitted, RxBlocBuilder will automatically perform a lookup using RxBlocProvider and the current BuildContext.

See RxBlocListener if you want to "do" anything in response to state changes such as navigation, showing a dialog, etc...

RxBlocBuilder<NewsBlocType, List<News>>( // At the first placeholder define what bloc you need, at the second define what type will be the state you want to listen. It needs to match the type of the stream in the state function below.
  state: (bloc) => bloc.states.news, // Determine which exact state of the bloc will be used for building the widget below. 
  builder: (context, state, bloc) {
    // return widget here based on BlocA's state
  }
)

Only specify the bloc if you wish to provide a bloc that will be scoped to a single widget and isn't accessible via a parent RxBlocProvider and the current BuildContext.

RxBlocBuilder<NewsBlocType, List<News>>(
  bloc: blocA, // provide the local bloc instance
  state: (bloc) => bloc.states.news, // Determine which exact state of the bloc will be used for building the widget below.
  builder: (context, state, bloc) {
    // return widget here based on BlocA's state
  }
)

RxResultBuilder is a Flutter widget which requires a state function, a set of callbacks buildSuccess, buildError and buildLoading, and an optional RxBloc. RxResultBuilder is similar to RxBlocBuilder, however it is meant as an easier way to handle Result states.

  • The buildSuccess, buildError and buildLoading functions will potentially be called many times and should be pure functions that return a widget in response to the state.
  • The state function determines which exact state of the bloc will be used.
  • If the bloc parameter is omitted, RxResultBuilder will automatically perform a lookup using RxBlocProvider and the current BuildContext.
/// At the first placeholder define what bloc you need, at the second define the type of the [Result] state you want to listen to.
/// It needs to match the type of the stream in the state function below.
RxResultBuilder<NewsBlocType, List<News>>( 
/// Determine which exact state of the bloc will be used for building the widget below. 
/// In this case the stream [bloc.states.news] should have a type of [Stream<Result<List<News>>>]
  state: (bloc) => bloc.states.news, 
  buildSuccess: (context, data, bloc) {
    ///here return a widget based on the data from the [Result]
  },
  buildLoading: (context, bloc) {
    ///here return a widget showing that we are waiting for the data, e.g. loading indicator
  },
  buildError: (context, error, bloc) {
    ///here return a widget showing what went wrong 
  },
)

Only specify the bloc if you wish to provide a bloc that will be scoped to a single widget and isn't accessible via a parent RxBlocProvider and the current BuildContext.

RxResultBuilder<NewsBlocType, List<News>>(
  bloc: blocA, // provide the local bloc instance
  state: (bloc) => bloc.states.news, // Determine which exact state of the bloc will be used for building the widget below.
  ...
)

RxBlocProvider is a Flutter widget which provides a bloc to its children via RxBlocProvider.of<T>(context). It is used as a dependency injection (DI) widget so that a single instance of a bloc can be provided to multiple widgets within a subtree.

In most cases, RxBlocProvider should be used to create new blocs which will be made available to the rest of the subtree. In this case, since RxBlocProvider is responsible for creating the bloc, it will automatically handle closing the bloc.

RxBlocProvider<BlocAType>(
  create: (BuildContext context) => BlocA(),
  child: ChildA(),
);

In some cases, RxBlocProvider can be used to provide an existing bloc to a new portion of the widget tree. This will be most commonly used when an existing bloc needs to be made available to a new route. In this case, RxBlocProvider will not automatically close the bloc since it did not create it.

RxBlocProvider<BlocAType>.value(
  value: RxBlocProvider.of<BlocAType>(context),
  child: ScreenA(),
);

then from either ChildA, or ScreenA we can retrieve BlocA with:

RxBlocProvider.of<BlocAType>(context)

RxMultiBlocProvider is a Flutter widget that merges multiple RxBlocProvider widgets into one. RxMultiBlocProvider improves the readability and eliminates the need to nest multiple RxBlocProviders. By using RxMultiBlocProvider we can go from:

RxBlocProvider<BlocAType>(
  create: (BuildContext context) => BlocA(),
  child: RxBlocProvider<BlocBType>(
    create: (BuildContext context) => BlocB(),
    child: RxBlocProvider<BlocCType>(
      create: (BuildContext context) => BlocC(),
      child: ChildA(),
    )
  )
)

to:

RxMultiBlocProvider(
  providers: [
    RxBlocProvider<BlocAType>(
      create: (BuildContext context) => BlocA(),
    ),
    RxBlocProvider<BlocBType>(
      create: (BuildContext context) => BlocB(),
    ),
    RxBlocProvider<BlocCType>(
      create: (BuildContext context) => BlocC(),
    ),
  ],
  child: ChildA(),
)

RxBlocListener is a Flutter widget which takes a RxBlocWidgetListener and an optional RxBloc and invokes the listener in response to state changes in the bloc. It should be used for functionality that needs to occur once per state change such as navigation, showing a SnackBar, showing a Dialog, etc...

listener is only called once for each state change (NOT including initialState) unlike builder in RxBlocBuilder and is a void function.

If the bloc parameter is omitted, RxBlocListener will automatically perform a lookup using RxBlocProvider and the current BuildContext.

RxBlocListener<NewsBlocType, bool>( // Specify the type of the bloc and its state type
    state: (bloc) => bloc.states.isLoading, // pick a specific state you want to listen for
    listener: (context, state) {
      // do stuff here based on NewsBloc's state
    }
)

Only specify the bloc if you wish to provide a bloc that is otherwise not accessible via BlocProvider and the current BuildContext.

RxBlocListener<NewsBlocType, bool>( // Specify the type of the bloc and its state type
    bloc: bloc,
    state: (bloc) => bloc.states.isLoading, // pick a specific state you want to listen for
    listener: (context, state) {
      // do stuff here based on NewsBloc's state
    }
)

If you want fine-grained control over when the listener function is called you can provide an optional condition to RxBlocListener. The condition takes the previous bloc state and current bloc state and returns a boolean. If condition returns true, listener will be called with state. If condition returns false, listener will not be called with state.

RxBlocListener<BlocAType, bool>(
  state: (bloc) => bloc.states.isLoading, // pick a specific state you want to listen for
  condition: (previousState, state) {
    // return true/false to determine whether or not
    // to call listener with state
  },
  listener: (context, state) {
    // do stuff here based on BlocA's state
  }
  child: Container(),
)

Usage #

Lets take a look at how to use RxBlocBuilder to hook up a CounterPage widget to a CounterBloc.

CounterBloc #

import 'package:rx_bloc/rx_bloc.dart';
import 'package:rxdart/rxdart.dart';

part 'counter_bloc.rxb.g.dart'; // Refer to the auto-generated boilerplate code

/// A class containing all incoming events to the BloC
abstract class CounterBlocEvents {
  /// Increment the count
  void increment();

  /// Decrement the count
  void decrement();
}

/// A class containing all states (outputs) of the bloc.
abstract class CounterBlocStates {
  /// The count of the Counter
  ///
  /// It can be controlled by executing [CounterBlocEvents.increment] and
  /// [CounterBlocEvents.decrement]
  ///
  Stream<String> get count;

  /// The state of the increment action control
  Stream<bool> get incrementEnabled;

  /// The state of the decrement action control
  Stream<bool> get decrementEnabled;

  /// The info message caused by changing action controls' state
  Stream<String> get infoMessage;
}

@RxBloc()
class CounterBloc extends $CounterBloc {
  /// The internal storage of the count
  final _count = BehaviorSubject.seeded(0);

  /// Acts as a container for multiple subscriptions that can be canceled at once
  final _compositeSubscription = CompositeSubscription();

  CounterBloc() {
    MergeStream([
      _$incrementEvent.map((_) => ++_count.value),
      _$decrementEvent.map((_) => --_count.value)
    ]).bind(_count).disposedBy(_compositeSubscription);
  }

  /// Map the count digit to presentable data
  @override
  Stream<String> _mapToCountState() => _count.map((count) => count.toString());

  /// Map the count digit to a decrement enabled state.
  @override
  Stream<bool> _mapToDecrementEnabledState() => _count.map((count) => count > 0);

  /// Map the count digit to a increment enabled state.
  @override
  Stream<bool> _mapToIncrementEnabledState() => _count.map((count) => count < 5);

  /// Map the increment and decrement enabled state to a informational message.
  @override
  Stream<String> _mapToInfoMessageState() => MergeStream([
        incrementEnabled.mapToMaximumMessage(),
        decrementEnabled.mapToMinimumMessage(),
      ]).skip(1).throttleTime(Duration(seconds: 1));

  @override
  void dispose() {
    _compositeSubscription.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }
}

extension _InfoMessage on Stream<bool> {
  /// Map disabled state to a informational message
  Stream<String> mapToMaximumMessage() => where((enabled) => !enabled)
      .map((_) => "You have reached the maximum increment count");

  /// Map disabled state to a informational message
  Stream<String> mapToMinimumMessage() => where((enabled) => !enabled)
      .map((_) => "You have reached the minimum decrement count");
}

CounterWidget #

class CounterWidget extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) => Card(
        elevation: 2,
        child: Padding(
          padding: const EdgeInsets.all(16.0),
          child: Column(
            mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.end,
            children: <Widget>[
               RxBlocListener<CounterBlocType, String>(
                 state: (bloc) => bloc.states.infoMessage,
                 listener: (context, state) =>
                   Scaffold.of(context).showSnackBar(SnackBar(content: Text(state)))
               ),
              Expanded(
                child: Center(
                  child: RxBlocBuilder<CounterBlocType, String>(
                    state: (bloc) => bloc.states.count,
                    builder: (context, snapshot, bloc) => Text(
                      snapshot.data ?? '',
                      style: TextStyle(fontSize: 60),
                    ),
                  ),
                ),
              ),
              Row(
                children: [
                  RxBlocBuilder<CounterBlocType, bool>(
                    state: (bloc) => bloc.states.incrementEnabled,
                    builder: (context, snapshot, bloc) => Expanded(
                      child: RaisedButton(
                        child: Text('Increment'),
                        onPressed: (snapshot.data ?? false)
                            ? bloc.events.increment
                            : null,
                      ),
                    ),
                  ),
                  const SizedBox(width: 16),
                  RxBlocBuilder<CounterBlocType, bool>(
                    state: (bloc) => bloc.states.decrementEnabled,
                    builder: (context, snapshot, bloc) => Expanded(
                      child: RaisedButton(
                        child: Text('Decrement'),
                        onPressed: (snapshot.data ?? false)
                            ? bloc.events.decrement
                            : null,
                      ),
                    ),
                  ),
                ],
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
      );
}

UI Integration tests using Flutter Driver #

Integration tests work as a pair: first, deploy an instrumented application to a real device or emulator and then “drive” the application from a separate test suite, checking to make sure everything is correct along the way.

To create this test pair, use the flutter_driver package. It provides tools to create instrumented apps and drive those apps from a test suite

For more information and how-to check:

FAQ #

What is the main advantage of rx_bloc #

  • Comparing with the other libraries facilitating the BloC Pattern, rx_bloc supports multiple output streams (states) per BloC. As shown in the example above, CounterBlocStates consist of four different states, as each of them do its specific job.
  1. count shows the current count
  2. incrementEnabled manages enable/disable state of the increment button
  3. decrementEnabled manages enable/disable state of the decrement button
  4. infoMessage shows info message

Doing so, the BloC it's not overloaded and follows Single Responsibility Principle

On what package is based flutter_rx_bloc #

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Publisher

primeholding.com

Set of Flutter Widgets that help implementing the BLoC design pattern. Built to be used with the rx_bloc package.

Homepage
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Documentation

API reference

License

MIT (LICENSE)

Dependencies

flutter, provider, rx_bloc

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