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Dart ffi bindings to the tinydtls library. Provides wrappers for both a DTLS client and server.

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dart_tinydtls #

Dart ffi bindings to the tinydtls library. Provides wrappers for both a DTLS client and server.

Using the wrapper classes #

The library provides a high level API for accessing tinyDTLS functionality. Both client and server APIs are exposed through the DtlsClient and DtlsServer classes. These allow users to connect to a peer or wait for incoming connections, respectively.

A basic example for the use of the DtlsClient class can be seen below. As tinyDTLS only supports ciphers using either a Pre-Shared Key (PSK) or an ECDSA key, at least one of these types of credentials have to be provided (in this case, a PSK).

Once the connection has been established, a DtlsConnection object is returned which can be used for sending data to the peer. The DtlsConnection also allows listening for incoming application data (in the form of Datagram objects). This and other use cases are demonstrated more thoroughly in the example.dart file.

import 'dart:convert';
import 'dart:io';
import 'dart:typed_data';

import 'package:dart_tinydtls/dart_tinydtls.dart';

PskCredentials _pskCallback(Uint8List identityHint) {
  final identity = Uint8List.fromList(utf8.encode("Client_identity"));
  final preSharedKey = Uint8List.fromList(utf8.encode("secretPSK"));

  return PskCredentials(identity: identity, preSharedKey: preSharedKey);

Future<void> main() async {
  final address =
      (await InternetAddress.lookup("californium.eclipseprojects.io"))[0];
  const port = 5684;

  final client = await DtlsClient.bind(InternetAddress.anyIPv6, 0);
  final connection = await client.connect(address, port,
      pskCallback: _pskCallback, eventListener: print);

  final data = utf8.encode('Hello World!');

Generating the bindings #

  1. Clone the repository and initialize its submodules (i.e. git submodule update --init --recursive).
  2. Generate the bindings using dart run ffigen.
    • If you encounter a SEVERE error regarding a missing header file (e.g. stddef.h), please consult the Troubleshooting section below.
  3. There are exactly two warnings which can be ignored:
    1. Removed All Struct Members from dtls_handshake_parameters_t(dtls_handshake_parameters_t), Bit Field members not supported.
      • The struct dtls_handshake_parameters_t won't be used by library clients, so the fact that it's opaque in the bindings can safely be ignored.
    2. Generated declaration '__socklen_t' start's with '_' and therefore will be private.
      • Similarly, it won't cause any problems for __socklen_t to be private.

Troubleshooting #

stddef.h (or other header) file not found #

It may be that you'll encounter the following error (maybe with another header file in place of stddef.h) when generating the bindings using dart run ffigen:

[SEVERE] : Header third_party/tinydtls/dtls.h: Total errors/warnings: 1.
[SEVERE] :     /usr/include/sys/types.h:144:10: fatal error: 'stddef.h' file not found [Lexical or Preprocessor Issue]

To fix this, ffigen needs to know where it can find this header file using the CPATH environment variable, which should point to the location of the header files. To set this environment variable automatically by detecting the location using clang, run the following command1:

export CPATH="$(clang -v 2>&1 | grep "Selected GCC installation" | rev | cut -d' ' -f1 | rev)/include"

Simply execute this before running dart run ffigen and the headers should be correctly detected.

License #

Matching the license of the tinydtls C library, this library is made available both under the terms of the Eclipse Public License v1.0 and 3-Clause BSD License (which the Eclipse Distribution License v1.0 that is used for tinydtls is based on). Additionally, the tinydtls C library contains third party code that might be included in compiled binaries that link to tinydtls. For information on third-party code and its licenses, see https://github.com/eclipse/tinydtls/blob/develop/ABOUT.md. See https://github.com/eclipse/tinydtls/blob/develop/LICENSE for more information on the tinydtls licensing terms and https://www.eclipse.org/legal/eplfaq.php for more information on the EPL 1.0.

Note: This binding is neither supported nor endorsed by the Eclipse Foundation.

Maintainers #

This project is currently maintained by the following developers:

Name Email Address GitHub Username
Jan Romann jan.romann@uni-bremen.de JKRhb
Falko Galperin falko1@uni-bremen.de falko17
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Dart ffi bindings to the tinydtls library. Provides wrappers for both a DTLS client and server.

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