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A Brick domain that routes data fetching through local providers before remote providers.

brick_offline_first workflow

Brick Offline First #

Offline First combines SQLite and a remote provider into one unified repository. And, optionally, a memory cache layer as the entry point. The remote provider could query Firebase or REST, hydrate the results to SQLite, and then deliver those SQLite results back to the app. In this way, the app functions identically when it's online or offline:


💡 You can change default behavior on a per-request basis using policy: (e.g. get<Person>(policy: OfflineFirstUpsertPolicy.localOnly)). This is available for delete, get, getBatched, and upsert.

Fields #

@OfflineFirst(where:) #

Using unique identifiers, where: can connect multiple providers. It is declared using a map between a local provider (key) and a remote provider (value). This is useful when a remote provider only includes unique identifiers (such as "id": 1) of associations, the OfflineFirstRepository can lookup that instance from another source and deserialize into a complete model.

⚠️ This is a rare instance where the serializer property name is used instead of the field name, such as last_name instead of lastName.

For a concrete example, SQLite is the local data source and REST is the remote data source:

Given the API:

{ "assoc": {
    // These don't have to map to SQLite columns.
    // They can also be String uuids that SQLite considers unique
    "id": 12345,
    "ids": [12345, 6789]

The association can be automatically mapped to SQLite (note the inclusion of data; this will always be "data" as it specifies the in-progress deserialization):

@OfflineFirst(where: {'id' : "data['assoc']['id']"})
final Assoc assoc;

@OfflineFirst(where: {'id' : "data['assoc']['ids']"})
final List<Assoc> assoc;

@OfflineFirst(where:) only applies to associations or iterable associations. If @OfflineFirst(where:) is not defined, the model will attempt to be instantiated by the REST key that maps to the field.

⚠️ When @OfflineFirst(where:) is defined, the @Rest|Graphql(toGenerator:) generator will not feature the field unless a toRest custom generator is defined OR only one pair is defined in the map.

.fromJson and .toJson #

When storing raw data is more optimal than storing it as an association, use the factory fromJson or the method toJson:

import 'dart:convert';
class Weight {
  final int size;
  final String unit;

  Weight(this.size, this.unit);

  factory Weight.fromJson(Map<String, dynamic> data) {
    if (data == null || data.isEmpty) return null;

    final size = double.parse(data.keys.first.toString() ?? '0');
    return Weight(size, data.values.first);

  Map<String, dynamic> toJson() => {'size': size, 'unit': unit};

⚠️ .fromJson always expects a single, unnamed parameter and a type for that parameter. Multiple parameters and not declaring a type are both unsupported.

Enums #

Dart's enhanced enums can also be used to do custom serdes work. In addition to fromJson and toJson, the enum can use the provider name:

enum Direction {

  factory Direction.fromRest(String direction) => direction == ? up : down;

  int toSqlite() => Direction.values.indexOf(this);

💡 from<ProviderName> or to<ProviderName> will be prioritized over fromJson or toJson which are prioritized over the provider annotation's enumAsString: true.

OfflineFirstSerdes #

When fromJson and toJson are too heavy handed, provider-specific factories or provider-specific functions can be used via OfflineFirstSerdes. Instead of toJson, specify the provider (such as toRest). Instead of fromJson, specify the provider (such as fromRest).

import 'dart:convert';
class Weight extends OfflineFirstSerdes<Map<int, String>, String> {
  final int size;
  final String unit;

  Weight(this.size, this.unit);

  // A fromRest factory must be defined
  factory Weight.fromRest(Map<String, dynamic> data) {
    if (data == null || data.isEmpty) return null;

    final size = double.parse(data.keys.first.toString() ?? '0');
    return Weight(size, data.values.first);

  // A fromSqlite factory must be defined
  factory Weight.fromSqlite(String data) => Weight.fromRest(jsonDecode(data));

  toRest() => {size: unit};
  toSqlite() => jsonEncode(toRest());

OfflineFirstSerdes should not be used when the managed data must be queried. Plainly, Brick does not support JSON searches.

Mixins #

Some regularly requested functionality doesn't exist in out-of-the-box Brick. This functionality does not exist in the core because it is dependent on remote data formatting outside the scope of Brick or it's non-essential. However, for convenience, these features are available in a mix-and-match support library. As this is not officially supported, please use caution determining if these mixins are applicable to your implementation.

Mixin Description
DeleteAllMixin Adds methods #deleteAll and #deleteAllExcept
DestructiveLocalSyncFromRemoteMixin Extends get requests to force resync the remoteProvider to the local providers (also covered by new method #destructiveLocalSyncFromRemote)

General Usage #

import 'package:brick_offline_first/mixins.dart';

class MyRepository extends OfflineFirstRepository with DeleteAllMixin {}

RequestSqliteCacheManager #

All requests to the remote provider in the repository first pass through a queue that tracks unsuccessful requests in a SQLite database separate from the one that maintains application models. Should the application ever lose connectivity, the queue will resend all upserted requests that occurred while the app was offline. All requests are forwarded to an inner client.

The queue is automatically added to all OfflineFirstWithGraphqlRepositorys and OfflineFirstWithRestRepositorys. This means that a queue should not be used as the RestProvider's client or GraphqlProvider's link, however, the queue will use the remote provider's client as its inner client:

final client = RestOfflineQueueClient(
  restProvider.client, // or http.Client()

OfflineQueue logic flow

⚠️ The queue ignores requests that are not DELETE, PATCH, POST, and PUT for REST. In GraphQL, query and subscription operations are ignored. Fetching requests are not worth tracking as the caller may have been disposed by the time the app regains connectivity.


Why can't I declare a model argument?

Due to an open analyzer bug, a custom model cannot be passed to the repository as a type argument.

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A Brick domain that routes data fetching through local providers before remote providers.

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API reference




brick_core, brick_sqlite, collection, dart_style, http, logging, meta, path, sqflite_common


Packages that depend on brick_offline_first