attributes 0.4.0-nullsafety.0
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A library for Dart with data structures and utilities for identifiers, value maps and dynamic data objects.

Attributes #

Attributes is a library package for Dart and Flutter mobile developers to help on handling identifiers, property value maps, and dynamic data objects or Entities. It also contains utility functions to convert dynamic values to typed null-safe primitive values.

Key features:

  • ValueAccessor: an interface to access typed values by key
  • ProperyMap: a value accessor to data backed by Map<String, dynamic>
  • Identifier: an identifier, represented as String, int or BigInt
  • Entity: a dynamic data object with optional id and required properties

Package #

This is a Dart code package named attributes under the geospatial repository.

This package is at the alpha-stage, breaking changes are possible.

The package is associated with (but not depending on) the geocore package. The attributes package contains non-geospatial data structures that are extended and utilized by the geocore package to provide geospatial data structures and utilities.

Installing #

The package supports Dart null-safety and using it requires the latest SDK from a beta channel. However your package using it doesn't have to be migrated to null-safety yet.

Please see the official null-safety migration guide how to switch to the latest beta release of Dart or Flutter SDKs.

In the pubspec.yaml of your project add the dependency:

  attributes: ^0.4.0-nullsafety.0

All dependencies used by attributes are also ready for null-safety!

Libraries #

The package contains following mini-libraries:

collectionValue accessors and property maps.
entityEntity and Identifier data structures for handling dynamic data objects.
valuesValue conversions from dynamic objects to typed values. Also helper classes.

For example to access a mini library you should use an import like:

import 'package:attributes/entity.dart';

To use all libraries of the package:

import 'package:attributes/attributes.dart';

Usage #

Entities as dynamic data objects #


import 'package:attributes/entity.dart';

A simple example for creating a dynamic object with id and properties:

  // Create an entity with a String id and a property map (as a view backed
  // by a standard Map<String, dynamic> data).
  final obs = Entity.view(
    id: 'ROG',
    properties: {
      'title': 'Royal Observatory',
      'place': 'Greenwich',
      'city': 'London',

  // Get properties of the entity as PropertyMap.
  final props =;

  // Type-safe and null-safe access to a property value by key.

  // Type-safe but nullable access to a property value that could be missing.
  print(props.tryString('missing') ?? 'prints if tryString returned null');

Please see example code for more detailed sample.

About identifiers, property maps and values #

The Entity class introduced above has following class members:

  /// An optional [id] for this entity.
  Identifier? get id;

  /// The required [properties] for this entity, allowed to be empty.
  PropertyMap get properties;

An entity object can be instantiated from strictly typed or dynamic data:

  /// A new entity of optional [id] and required [properties].
  factory Entity.of({Identifier? id, required PropertyMap properties}) =>
        id: id,
        properties: properties,

  /// A new entity of optional [id] and required source [properties].
  /// This factory allows [id] to be null or an instance of [Identifier],
  /// `String`, `int` or `BigInt`. In other cases an ArgumentError is thrown.
  /// The [properties] is used as a source view for an entity. Any changes on 
  /// source reflect also on entity properties.
  factory Entity.view({dynamic id, required Map<String, dynamic> properties}) =>
        id: Identifier.idOrNull(id),
        properties: PropertyMap.view(properties),

As described an identifier itself can be null or containing an actual id as String, int or BigInt value. Please see Identifier for more information.

PropertyMap implements ValueAccessor interface for type-safe property access and can be instantiated using data backed by Map<String, dynamic>.

The ValueAccessor interface has following methods with K representing a generic type for keys (ie. String when used by PropertyMap):

  // size and getting keys
  int get length;
  Iterable<K> get keys;

  // to get (dynamic) value by key, a value of any type can be null or non-null
  dynamic operator [](K key);

  // to check if a value by a key exists 
  bool exists(K key);

  // to check if a value by a key exists and that value is null
  bool hasNull(K key);

  // null-safe getters for value types
  String getString(K key);
  int getInt(K key, {int? min, int? max});
  BigInt getBigInt(K key, {BigInt? min, BigInt? max});
  double getDouble(K key, {double? min, double? max});
  bool getBool(K key);
  DateTime getTimeUTC(K key);

  // nullable getters for value types
  String? tryString(K key);
  int? tryInt(K key, {int? min, int? max});
  BigInt? tryBigInt(K key, {BigInt? min, BigInt? max});
  double? tryDouble(K key, {double? min, double? max});
  bool? tryBool(K key);
  DateTime? tryTimeUTC(K key);

Geospatial data #

Classes described above and provided by this package has no geospatial characteristics.

However the associated geocore package defines geometry and other geospatial data structures. For example there is a Feature class in the geocore package that extends Entity of the attributes package allowing handling also geometry data in addition to generic non-geospatial properties and identifiers.

Authors #

This project is authored by Navibyte.

More information and other links are available at the geospatial repository from GitHub.

License #

This project is licensed under the "BSD-3-Clause"-style license.

Please see the LICENSE.

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A library for Dart with data structures and utilities for identifiers, value maps and dynamic data objects.

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Packages that depend on attributes