stream_subscriber 0.1.0
stream_subscriber: ^0.1.0

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Observable objects for asynchronously listening for changes to values and collections, plus a mixin to easily manage streams on any class.

stream_subscriber #

pub package

At its core stream_subscriber is a mixin that adds methods for easily managing stream subscriptions (listeners & notifiers) to any class it's mixed into.

The library also includes several observable classes that utilize [StreamSubscriber]: [StreamValue], [StreamList], [StreamMap], and [StreamSet]. [StreamValue] contains a single observable value, while [StreamList], [StreamMap], and [StreamSet] implement Dart's [List], [Map], and [Set] classes respectively.

Usage #

Classes that mixin [StreamSubscriber] contain a private broadcast (multi-stream) [StreamController] that's created on construction. To get started, just add some listeners, notify them of any events, and dispose of the class when it's no longer needed.

Implementation #

The [StreamSubscriber] mixin exposes 4 methods for managing [StreamSubscription]s of a specified subtype: [addListener], [removeListener], [notifyListeners], and [dispose], as well as the [hasListener] and [numberOfListeners] getters.

/// A class that contains an [int] and notifies its listeners
/// of the new value each time it's modified.
class ObservableClass with StreamSubscriber<int> {
  ObservableClass(int value) : _value = value;

  int _value;

  int get value => _value;

  set value(int value) {
    _value = value;
    notifyListeners(_value);
  }
}

Note: The [notifyListeners] method can be called anywhere and doesn't necessarily have to provide a specific value to the listeners. It's accepted value does however have to be of the same type as [StreamSubscriber]'s subtype, if no subtype is provided, then any object can be provided, regardless of type.

Subscribing Listeners #

[ObservableClass]'s [value] can now be listened to for any changes.

/// Instance of a new [ObservableClass].
final observable = ObservableClass(0);

// Add a listener
observable.addListener((value) {
  print('Value was changed to $value.');
});

observable.value = 3;

// The listener will asynchronously print: Value was changed to 3.

observable.notifyListeners(5);

// The listener will asynchronously print: Value was changed to 5.

// However, because [notifyListeners] was called directly, the value
// wasn't actually updated to 5.

print(observable); // 3

// Remove the listener
observable.removeListener();

observable.value = 5;

// Because the listener was removed, nothing will be printed this time.

// [dispose] cancels and removes any active listeners and closes the notifier.
observable.dispose();

// After calling [dispose], [observable] will no longer be able to create
// or notify any listeners and its used resources will be freed up.

Observable Values #

The [StreamValue] class is implemented in the same way [ObservableClass] is in the example above, but can be provided a subtype which is passed on to [StreamSubscriber].

final observable = StreamValue<int>(0);

observable.addListener((value) {
  print(value);
});

observable.value++;

// The listener will asynchronously print: 1

observable.value = 5;

// The listener will asynchronously print: 5

observable.value--;

// The listener will asynchronously print: 4

observable.dispose();

[StreamValue] also has an additional optional parameter, [onUpdate], which is called every time the [value] is changed, before the listeners are notified.

Setting the Value Without Notifying the Listeners #

To set the value without notifying the listeners, the [setValue] method can be used.

// [value] will be set to `0`, but listener won't be notified.
observable.setValue(0);

// [value] will be set to `0` and the listener will be notified.
observable.value = 0;

The [onUpdate] Notifier #

[onUpdate] is a synchronously executed event, as such it can be used to further modify the value before it is sent to the listeners. However, updating the [value] directly from within [onUpdate] will cause [onUpdate] to be called in an infinite loop, triggering a stack overflow, instead the [setValue] method must be used to update the [value] without notifying the listeners or triggering [onUpdate].

Note: In the case of the [StreamCollection]s described below, any of their methods with a [notifyListeners] parameter can be set to false, and can be used to update the collection without notifying their listeners.

var observable = StreamValue<int>(0);

observable.onUpdate = (value) {
  // The [setValue] method should be used to update the value without notifying the
  // listeners. Setting the value directly here would cause a stack overflow.
  observable.setValue(value + 1);
  print(observable.value);
};

observable.value++;

// The listener will synchronously print: 2

observable.value = 5;

// The listener will synchronously print: 6

observable.value -= 2;

// The listener will synchronously print: 5

observable.dispose();

If you don't need to reference [observable] within [onUpdate], you can also provide [onUpdate] as an optional parameter when constructing the [StreamValue].

var observable = StreamValue<int>(0, (value) {
  print(value);
});

observable.value++;

// The listener will synchronously print: 1

observable.value = 5;

// The listener will synchronously print: 5

observable.value -= 2;

// The listener will synchronously print: 3

Observable Collections #

[StreamList], [StreamMap], and [StreamSet] are implementations of the [List], [Map], and [Set] classes respectively. They extends a shared base class, [StreamCollection] which extends the [StreamValue] class.

Each of these classes have 3 types of listeners, update listeners, event listeners, and change listeners.

Update Listeners #

The update listener, which is inherited from [StreamValue], returns the entire collection anytime the collection is modified or overwritten.

final list = StreamList<int>.of([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]);

list.addListener((list) {
  print(list);
});

list.add(6);

// The listener will asynchronously print: [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]

list.removeAll();

// The listener will asynchronously print: []

list.addAll(<int>[2, 4, 6, 8]);

// The listener will asynchronously print: [2, 4, 6, 8]

list.dispose();

Event Listeners #

Event listeners, which are inherited from [StreamCollection]'s parent class, [StreamEventProvider], returns an event containing the type of modification made, and a map of the keys/indexes and the values of the element(s) modified.

final list = StreamList<int>.of([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]);

list.addEventListener(event) {
  print('${event.type} ${event.elements}');
});

list.add(10);

// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.addition {4: 10}

list.addAll(<int>[13, 16, 17]);

// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.addition {5: 13, 6: 16, 7: 17}

list.removeWhere((value) => value.isOdd);

// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.removal {5: 13, 7: 17}

list[0] = 5;

// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.update {0: 5}

Note: event.values could be called instead of event.elements to get just the values of the affected elements without the keys/indexes.

Note: In order to notify the listeners of the changes made to a collection, the top-level methods within [StreamList], [StreamMap], and [StreamSet] must be used. Any changes made to the underlying collection, referenced by the [value] getter, will not notify the listeners.

// The value of the element at index 0 will be set to 5 and the listeners
// will be notified.
list[0] = 5;

// The value of the element at index 0 will be set to 2, but the listeners
// won't be notified.
list.value[0] = 2;

Change Listeners #

Change listeners, which are inherited from [StreamCollection], are notified individually for every element changed within the underlying collection. They receive an event containing the type of modification made, the [key]/index and the [value] of the affected element.

final list = StreamList<int>[2, 4, 6, 8];

list.addChangeListener((event) {
  print('${event.type} [${event.key}, ${event.value}]');
});

list.add(10);

// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.addition [4: 10]

list.addAll(<int>[13, 16, 17]);

// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.addition [5: 13]
// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.addition [6: 16]
// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.addition [7: 17]

list.removeWhere((value) => value.isOdd);

// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.removal [5: 13]
// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.removal [7: 17]

list[0] = 5;

// The listener will asynchronously print: CollectionEventType.update [0: 5]

Note: As all notifications are triggered synchronously but broadcast asynchronously, update and event notifications will be broadcast after the first change notification is broadcast, even if more change notifications are queued. As such, it's better to handle individual changes from the event notification, rather than using both an event listener and a change listener.

The [onEvent] and [onChange] Notifiers #

The [onEvent] and [onChange] notifiers, like the [onUpdate] notifier, are synchronously executed events triggered just before the event and change listeners are notified.

final list = StreamList<int>.of([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]);

list.onEvent = (event) {
  print('${event.type} ${event.values}');
};

list.addAll([6, 7, 8, 9]);

// [onEvent] will synchronously print: CollectionEventType.addition [6, 7, 8, 9]

list.onChange = (event) {
  print('${event.type} [${event.value}]');
};

list.removeAll([6, 7, 8, 9]);

// [onChange] will synchronously print: CollectionEventType.removal [6]
// [onChange] will synchronously print: CollectionEventType.removal [7]
// [onChange] will synchronously print: CollectionEventType.removal [8]
// [onChange] will synchronously print: CollectionEventType.removal [9]

// [onEvent] will synchronously print: CollectionEventType.removal [6, 7, 8, 9]

Note: As described in [onUpdate]'s section above, modifying the collection from within [onEvent] or [onChange] will cause them be called in an infinite loop, triggering a stack overflow. To prevent this, the collections must be updated using any of the collection's methods that have a [notifyListeners] parameter, and setting it to false.

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jamesalex.dev

Observable objects for asynchronously listening for changes to values and collections, plus a mixin to easily manage streams on any class.

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