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A lightweight state management library independent from any dependency injection methods.

Flutter NanoVar #

Pub Build codecov License

A lightweight state management library independent from any dependency injection methods.

Usage #

Basic usage #

Create a NanoVar instance with a given initial value:

final counter = NanoVar(0);

A reference to the instance need to somehow be stored in a State so the value will not be lost if the widget tree rebuilds. However, the method to how this is done is up to you.

Create a NanoObs widget, which can be used to read values of NanoVar instances and make sure the widget is rebuilt when any change occurs:

final widget = NanoObs(
  builder: (context, watch) => Text(watch(counter).toString()),
);

Assign a new value to the NanoVar:

counter.value = 1;

The widget declared above is now rebuilt.

Notice that as assigning new values trigger rebuilds, it is not possible to assign values when building widgets. However, it is possible to assign values from anywhere else, such as in button callbacks.

Alternatively, you can use NanoObsWidget instead of StatelessWidget to watch NanoVar instances:

class NanoReadText extends NanoObsWidget {
  final NanoRead<String> label;

  const NanoReadText({
    Key? key,
    required this.label,
  }) : super(key: key);

  @override
  Widget build(context, watch) {
    return Text(watch(label));
  }
}

Limit to read-only #

NanoVar instances can be casted to the type NanoRead, which contains the same functionality for accessing values as NanoVar yet cannot be altered:

final NanoRead<int> readOnlyCounter = counter;

// This line will cause a compilation error.
readOnlyCounter.value = 1;

Functional features #

It is possible to modify the behavior of NanoVar instances as they can behave like functors, applicative functors and monads.

Functor

Call map on an existing NanoVar instance with a function that can transform any value held by the NanoVar instance to another value:

final stringCounter = counter.map((int value) {
    return value.toString();
});

The returned NanoRead instance stringCounter is updated whenever a change is made to counter and stringCounter can be used in the same way as counter for the purpose of retrieving values. For instance, stringCounter can be used in a Widget:

final widget = NanoObs(
  builder: (context, watch) => Text(watch(stringCounter)),
);

Applicative functor

Call liftA2 on an existing NanoVar instance with another NanoVar instance and a function that can transform any value pair held by the NanoVar instances to a third value:

final doubleCounter = NanoVar(0.0);

final stringCounter = counter.liftA2((int firstValue, double secondValue) {
    return (firstValue + secondValue).toString();
}, doubleCounter);

The returned NanoRead instance stringCounter is updated whenever a change is made to counter or doubleCounter.

Monad

Call bind on an existing NanoVar instance with a function that can transform any value held by the NanoVar instance to another NanoVar instance:

final stringCounter = counter.bind((int value) {
    return NanoVar(value.toString());
});

The returned NanoRead instance stringCounter is updated whenever a change is made to counter or the NanoVar instance most recently returned by the callback provided to bind.

Future observing #

Suppose this asynchronous function exists:

Future<DetailsModel> loadDetails(int id) async {
    return await callEndpoint("/details/$id");
}

Call loadDetails and then call nanoRead on the returned Future instance to get a NanoRead instance that updates whenever the Future instance is completed:

final futureNanoRead = loadDetails(1).nanoRead;

void getStatus(status) {
    return status.status(
        uncompleted: () {
            return "futureNanoRead has not yet completed";
        },
        success: (value) {
            return "futureNanoRead has completed with the value $value";
        },
        fail: (error, stackTrace) {
            return "futureNanoRead has completed with the error $error " +
                "and the stack trace $stackTrace";
        },
    );
}

// Displays "futureNanoRead has not yet completed" and eventually displays
// "futureNanoRead has completed with the value..." if loadCount() succeeds or
// "futureNanoRead has completed with the error..." if loadCount() fails.
final widget = NanoObs(
  builder: (context, watch) => Text(getStatus(watch(futureNanoRead))),
);

A possible use case is to combine this feature with bind so that loadDetails can be called each time counter is changed and the current loading status for the most recent value of counter can be managed using a NanoRead instance:

final detailsStatus = counter.bind((int value) {
    return loadDetails(value).nanoRead;
});

Motivation #

The developers behind NanoVar needed a state management library that fulfilled the following points:

  • The library requires a minimal amount of boilerplate to be usable.
  • Creation and destruction of state is controlled by the widget tree, so if a user for instance leaves a page, the state associated with that page is destroyed.

No existing state management library could be found that fulfilled these points to a satisfying degree. Therefore, NanoVar was created. The library is independent of any dependency injection method on purpose so the method best suited for any individual case can be used to provide dependency injection. This property is used to fulfill the second point.

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Publisher

verified publisheroborgen.se

A lightweight state management library independent from any dependency injection methods.

Repository (GitHub)
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Documentation

API reference

License

BSD-3-Clause (LICENSE)

Dependencies

flutter, nano_var

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