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Tencent Cloud Chat SDK. Globally interconnected In-App Chat, user profile and relationship chains and offline push.


Tencent Chat Logo

Tencent Cloud Chat SDK


Globally interconnected In-App Chat, user profile and relationship chains and offline push.


More languages: 简体中文 한국어 日本語


This pure Chat SDK do not contain UI components, you can choose our UI and business logic library tim_ui_kit if you tend to integrate quickly.


Experience DEMO #

You can experience our Chat and Voice/Video Call modules via the following demo apps.

Those versions of demo has been build by the same Flutter project with our SDKs and extensions.

Mobile APP WEB - H5
[Recommend] iOS/Android APP
Scan for the Web DEMO

Environment Requirements #

Version
FlutterFlutter 2.2.0 or later for the Chat SDK; Flutter 2.10.0 or later for the TUIKit integration component library.
AndroidAndroid Studio 3.5 or later; devices with Android 4.1 or later for apps
iOSXcode 11.0 or later. Ensure that your project has a valid developer signature.

Supported Platforms #

We are aiming to build a Chat SDK and TUIKit that supports all platforms of Flutter, helping you to develop once and deploy it on all platforms.

Platformnon-UI Chat SDK (this package)UI components library (TUIKit)
iOSSupportsSupports
AndroidSupportsSupports
WebSupports since 4.1.1+2 versionSupports since 0.1.5 version
macOSSupports since 4.1.9 versionComing soon
WindowsSupports since 4.1.9 versionComing soon

Some extra steps are needed for Web/macOS/Windows, you can refer to "Flutter for Web support" and "Flutter for Desktop support" in this tutorial.

Preparation #

  1. You have signed up for a Tencent Cloud account and completed identity verification.
  2. You have created an application as instructed in Creating and Upgrading an Application and recorded the SDKAppID.

Part 1. Creating a Test Account #

In the IM console, select your application and click Auxiliary Tools > UserSig Generation & Verification on the left sidebar. Create two UserID and their corresponding UserSig, and copy the UserID, Key, and UserSig for subsequent logins.

? The account is for development and testing only. Before the application release, the correct UserSig distribution method is to generate UserSig on the server and provide an application-oriented API. When UserSig is needed, your application can send a request to the business server for a dynamic UserSig. For more information, see Generating UserSig.

Part 2. Selecting a Proper Scheme to Integrate the SDK for Flutter #

Tencent Cloud Chat offers four integration schemes:

Use Case
Using the demoOur demo is a complete chat application with open-source code. If you need to implement chat scenarios, you can use the demo for secondary development. Try it out here.
Using UI libraryThe Chat UI components library TUIKit provides common UI components, such as conversation list, chat page, and contact list. You can use those components to build an In-APP chat module to your Flutter APP quickly. This solution is recommended.
Self-implementing with this packageUse this solution if TUIKit cannot meet your needs.
Add to your existing applicationAdd the Flutter module to your existing app, coding once and deploying to all platforms. It could reduce your workload, to adding chat and call modules to your existing, to a large extent. Referring to this documentation for details.

To better understand Chat SDK APIs, see API examples here, which shows how to call APIs and trigger listeners.

Part 3. Using the Demo #

Running the demo #

  1. Download the source code and install dependencies:
# Clone the code
git clone https://github.com/TencentCloud/tc-chat-demo-flutter.git

# Install dependencies
flutter pub get
  1. Run the demo:
# Start the demo. Replace `SDK_APPID` and `KEY`
flutter run --dart-define=SDK_APPID={YOUR_SDKAPPID} --dart-define=ISPRODUCT_ENV=false --dart-define=KEY={YOUR_KEY}
  • --dart-define=SDK_APPID={YOUR_SDKAPPID}. Here, {YOUR_SDKAPPID} needs to be replaced with the SDKAppID of your application.
  • --dart-define=ISPRODUCT_ENV=false. Set it to false for a development environment.
  • --dart-define=KEY={YOUR_KEY}. Here, {YOUR_KEY} needs to be replaced with the Key recorded in Part 1. Creating a Test User.

Demo code structure #

The TUIKit for Flutter is used for build the UI and business logic of the demo. The demo layer itself is only used to build the application, process navigation redirects, and call instantiated TUIKit components.

FolderDescription
libCore application directory
lib/i18nInternationalization code, excluding the internationalization capabilities and strings of TUIKit, which can be imported as needed.
lib/srcMain application directory
lib/src/pagesImportant navigation pages of the demo. After the application is initialized, app.dart displays the loading animation, judges the login status, and redirects the user to login.dart or home_page.dart. After the user logs in, the login information will be stored locally through the shared_preference plugin and used for automatic login upon future application launch. If there is no such information or the login fails, the user will be redirected to the login page. During automatic login, the user is still on app.dart and can see the loading animation. home_page.dart has a bottom tab to switch between the four main feature pages of the demo.
lib/utilsSome tool function classes.

Basically, a TUIKit component is imported into each dart file in lib/src. After the component is instantiated in the file, the page can be rendered.

Below are main files:

Main File in lib/srcDescription
add_friend.dartFriend request page that uses the TIMUIKitAddFriend component.
add_group.dartGroup joining request page that uses the TIMUIKitAddGroup component.
blacklist.dartBlocklist page that uses the TIMUIKitBlackList component.
chat.dartMain chat page that uses all the chat capabilities of TUIKit and the TIMUIKitChat component.
chatv2.dartMain chat page that uses atomic capabilities and the TIMUIKitChat component.
contact.dartContacts page that uses the TIMUIKitContact component.
conversation.dartConversation list page that uses the TIMUIKitConversation component.
create_group.dartGroup chat page that is implemented in the demo with no component used.
group_application_list.dartGroup application list page that uses the TIMUIKitGroupApplicationList component.
group_list.dartGroup list page that uses the TIMUIKitGroup component.
group_profile.dartGroup profile and management page that uses the TIMUIKitGroupProfile component.
newContact.dartNew contact request page that uses the TIMUIKitNewContact component.
routes.dartDemo route that navigates users to the login page login.dart or homepage home_page.dart.
search.dartGlobal search and in-conversation search page that uses the TIMUIKitSearch (global search) and TIMUIKitSearchMsgDetail (in-conversation search) components.
user_profile.dartUser information and relationship chain maintenance page that uses the TIMUIKitProfile component.

You can modify the above demo for secondary development or implement your business needs based on it.

Part 4. Using TUIKit Component Library to implement In-App Chat module in Half a Day #

TUIKit is a UI components library for Tencent Cloud Chat SDK. It provides common UI components, such as conversation list, chat page, and contact list.

It's suggested to use those components to build an In-APP chat module to your Flutter APP quickly.

img

For more details and tutorial, see TUIKit Quick Integration and get started.

Part 5. Self-Implementing Integration with this Chat SDK #

Prerequisites #

You have created a Flutter application or have an application that can be based on Flutter.

Directions #

Installing the Chat SDK

For detailed directions involved in this section, see SDK Integration (Flutter).

Run the following command to install the latest Chat SDK for Flutter.

Run the following command:

flutter pub add tencent_im_sdk_plugin

Some extra steps are needed for Web/macOS/Windows, you can refer to "Flutter for Web support" and "Flutter for Desktop support" in this tutorial.

Initializing the SDK

For detailed directions involved in this section, see here.

Call initSDK to initialize the SDK.

Pass in your sdkAppID.

import 'package:tencent_im_sdk_plugin/enum/V2TimSDKListener.dart';
import 'package:tencent_im_sdk_plugin/enum/log_level_enum.dart';
import 'package:tencent_im_sdk_plugin/tencent_im_sdk_plugin.dart';
    TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.initSDK(
    sdkAppID: 0, // Replace `0` with the `SDKAppID` of your IM application during integration
    loglevel: LogLevelEnum.V2TIM_LOG_DEBUG, // Log
    listener: V2TimSDKListener(),
  );

In this step, you can mount some listeners to the Chat SDK, mainly including those for network status and user information change. For more information, see V2TimSDKListener class.

Logging in with the test account

For detailed directions involved in this section, see Flutter.

Complete login verification using the test account created at the beginning.

Call the TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.login method to log in with the test account.

If the returned res.code is 0, the login is successful.

import 'package:tencent_im_sdk_plugin/tencent_im_sdk_plugin.dart';
 V2TimCallback res = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.login (
    userID: userID,
    userSig: userSig,
  );

? The account is for development and testing only. Before the application release, the correct UserSig distribution method is to integrate the UserSig calculation code into the server and provide an application-oriented API. When UserSig is needed, your application can send a request to the business server for a dynamic UserSig. For more information, see Generating UserSig.

Sending a message

For detailed directions involved in this section, see here.

The following shows how to send a text message:

  1. Call createTextMessage(String) to create a text message.
  2. Get the message ID from the returned value.
  3. Call sendMessage() to send the message with the ID. receiver can be the ID of the other test account created earlier. groupID doesn't need to be entered for sending one-to-one messages.

Sample code:

import 'package:tencent_im_sdk_plugin/tencent_im_sdk_plugin.dart';

V2TimValueCallback<V2TimMsgCreateInfoResult> createMessage =
      await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager
          .getMessageManager()
          .createTextMessage(text: "The text to create");

String id = createMessage.data!.id!; // The message creation ID

V2TimValueCallback<V2TimMessage> res = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager
      .getMessageManager()
      .sendMessage(
          id: id, // Pass in the message creation ID to
          receiver: "The userID of the destination user",
          groupID: "The groupID of the destination group",
          );

If sending failed, it may be that your sdkAppID doesn't support sending messages to strangers. In this case, enable the feature in the console for test.

Disable the friend relationship chain check here .

Getting the conversation list

For detailed directions involved in this section, see here.

After sending the test message in the previous step, log in with the other test account to load the conversation list.

There are two methods to load the conversation list:

  1. Listen on the persistent connection callback to update the conversation list in real time.
  2. Send a request through an API to get the paginated conversation list at one time.

Common use cases:

Get the conversation list upon application launch and listen on the persistent connection to update the conversation list in real time.

Requesting the conversation list at one time

To get the conversation list, you need to maintain nextSeq and record its current position.

import 'package:tencent_im_sdk_plugin/tencent_im_sdk_plugin.dart';

String nextSeq = "0";

getConversationList() async {
  V2TimValueCallback<V2TimConversationResult> res = await TencentImSDKPlugin
      .v2TIMManager
      .getConversationManager()
      .getConversationList(nextSeq: nextSeq, count: 10);

  nextSeq = res.data?.nextSeq ?? "0";
}

At this point, you can see the message sent by the other test account in the previous step.

Listening on the persistent connection to get the real-time conversation list

Mount listeners to the SDK, process the callback event, and update the UI.

  1. Mount listeners.
await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager
      .getConversationManager()
      .setConversationListener(
        listener: new V2TimConversationListener(
          onConversationChanged: (List<V2TimConversation> list){
            _onConversationListChanged(list);
    },
          onNewConversation:(List<V2TimConversation> list){
            _onConversationListChanged(list);
    },
  1. Process the callback event to display the latest conversation list on the UI.
import 'package:tencent_im_sdk_plugin/tencent_im_sdk_plugin.dart';

List<V2TimConversation> _conversationList = [];

_onConversationListChanged(List<V2TimConversation> list) {
  for (int element = 0; element < list.length; element++) {
    int index = _conversationList.indexWhere(
        (item) => item!.conversationID == list[element].conversationID);
    if (index > -1) {
      _conversationList.setAll(index, [list[element]]);
    } else {
      _conversationList.add(list[element]);
    }
  }

Receiving a message

For detailed directions involved in this section, see here.

There are two methods to receive messages in the Chat SDK for Flutter:

  1. Listen on the persistent connection callback to get message changes and update and render the historical message list in real time.
  2. Send a request through an API to get paginated message history at one time.

Common use cases:

  1. When entering a new conversation, request a certain number of historical messages at one time to display the historical message list.
  2. Listen on the persistent connection to receive messages in real time and add them to the historical message list.
Requesting the historical message list at one time

We recommend you limit the number of messages loaded per page to 20 to avoid affecting the speed.

Dynamically record the current number of pages for the next request.

The sample code is as follows:

import 'package:tencent_im_sdk_plugin/tencent_im_sdk_plugin.dart';

  V2TimValueCallback<List<V2TimMessage>> res = await TencentImSDKPlugin
      .v2TIMManager
      .getMessageManager()
      .getGroupHistoryMessageList(
        groupID: "groupID",
        count: 20,
        lastMsgID: "",
      );

  List<V2TimMessage> msgList = res.data ?? [];

  // here you can use msgList to render your message list
    }
Listening on the persistent connection to get new messages in real time

After the historical message list is initialized, new messages are from the persistent connection V2TimAdvancedMsgListener.onRecvNewMessage.

After the onRecvNewMessage callback is triggered, add new messages to the historical message list as needed.

Below is the sample code for binding a listener:

import 'package:tencent_im_sdk_plugin/tencent_im_sdk_plugin.dart';

final adVancesMsgListener = V2TimAdvancedMsgListener(
onRecvNewMessage: (V2TimMessage newMsg) {
  _onReceiveNewMsg(newMsg);
},
/// ... other listeners related to message
);

TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager
    .getMessageManager()
    .addAdvancedMsgListener(listener: adVancesMsgListener);

At this point, you have completed the Chat module development. You can send and receive messages and enter different conversations.

You can develop more features, such as group, user profile, relationship chain, offline push, and local search.

Flutter for Web support #

Web is supported since version of 4.1.1+2.

Some extra steps, as following, are needed for Web support.

Upgrade to Flutter 3.x #

We strongly recommend you to upgrade to Flutter 3.x, as numerous optimizations for Web, since Flutter 3.0.

Install Flutter for Web Chat SDK #

flutter pub add tencent_im_sdk_plugin_web

Import JS #

Please execute flutter create . to add Web support to your project.

Download these two JS files from the following GitHub link, and placed them to web folder.

Add these lines to web/index.html between <head> </head>.

<script src='./tim-upload-plugin.js'></script>
<script src="./tim-js-friendship.js"></script>

Flutter for Desktop support #

Desktop platforms, including Windows and macOS, are supported since version of 4.1.9.

Some extra steps, as following, are needed for Desktop support.

Upgrade to Flutter 3.x #

Desktop platforms are only available since Flutter 3.0, thus you are supposed to upgrade first.

Install Flutter for Desktop Chat SDK #

flutter pub add tencent_im_sdk_plugin_desktop

FAQs #

What should I do if clicking Build And Run for an Android device triggers an error, stating no available device is found? #

Check that the device is not occupied by other resources. Alternatively, click Build to generate an APK package, drag it to the simulator, and run it.

What should I do if an error occurs during the first run for an iOS device? #

If an error occurs after the configuration, click Product > Clean Build Folder, clean the product, and run pod install or flutter run again.

20220714152720

What should I do if an error occurs during debugging on a real iOS device when I am wearing an Apple Watch? #

20220714152340

Turn on Airplane Mode on your Apple Watch, and go to Settings > Bluetooth on your iPhone to turn off Bluetooth.

Restart Xcode (if opened) and run flutter run again.

What should I do when an error occurs on an Android device after TUIKit is imported into the application automatically generated by Flutter? #

  1. Open android\app\src\main\AndroidManifest.xml and complete xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" / android:label="@string/android_label" / tools:replace="android:label" as follows.
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="Replace it with your Android package name"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools">
    <application
        android:label="@string/android_label"
        tools:replace="android:label"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher" // Specify an icon path
        android:usesCleartextTraffic="true"
        android:requestLegacyExternalStorage="true">
  1. Open android\app\build.gradle and complete minSdkVersion and targetSdkVersion in defaultConfig.
defaultConfig {
  applicationId "" // Replace it with your Android package name
  minSdkVersion 21
  targetSdkVersion 30
}

What's more #

In addition to Flutter SDK, we have numerous SDKs that covering all platforms. The following platforms can communicate with each other and provide services across devices and platforms.

PlatformIntroductionDemoDownloadUI Components library
AndroidCompatible with JDK 1.6 and Android SDK version 14 and laterGetGetGet
iOSCompatible with iOS 8.0 and laterGetGetGet
MacCompatible with OS X 10.10 and later-Get-
WindowsC and C++ are included. Compatible with Windows 7, Windows 8 and 8.1, and Windows 10. Both 32-bit and 64-bit programs can be connected-Get-
WebSupports Internet Explorer 11+, Chrome 7+, Firefox 3.6+, Opera 12+ and Safari 6+GetGetGet
UnitySupports 2020.2.7f1c1 or later-Get-
FlutterSupports Flutter 2 & dart 2.12 and later, deploying to Android, iOS, Web, macOS and Windows.GetHereGet
ElectronElectron SDK-Get-

Contact Us #

Please do not hesitate to contact us in the following place, if you have any further questions or tend to learn more about the use cases.

Our Website: https://www.tencentcloud.com/products/im?from=pub

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Tencent Cloud Chat SDK. Globally interconnected In-App Chat, user profile and relationship chains and offline push.

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License

Icon for licenses.Apache-2.0 (LICENSE)

Dependencies

flutter, flutter_web_plugins, json_annotation, tencent_im_sdk_plugin_platform_interface, uuid

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