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A simple, extensible BDD assertion library which focuses on giving great error messages when the assertion fails.

shouldly #

shouldly logo

pub package codecov likes style: lint Dart

shouldly is an assertion concept that focuses on

  • writing assertions as plain English sentences
  • and giving better error messages when the assertion fails while being simple and terse.

Inspired from Fluent Assertion, Shouldly, should.js

Features #

  • More readable test code
  • Better test failure messages
  • Conjunction support (and)
  • Custom assertions

Readability #

More readable test code as plain English sentence.

// without shouldly
expect(calculator.currentValue, 1);

// shouldly
calculator.currentValue.should.be(1);
drawing

No more: Mix Up with parameters #

You can mix up with Expected or Actual 🤔. But with shouldly there is no way to mix up.

// without shouldly
expect(playerCharacter.health, 100);
expect(100, playerCharacter.health);

// shouldly
playerCharacter.health.should.be(100);

No more: single heap of assertion methods #

Every single type of class has his own assertions.

Better test failure messages #

To get more contextual information

drawing drawing drawing

Conjunctions #

This is a real English sentence, is it not?

13.should.beOdd().and.beGreaterOrEqualThan(13);

participants.should.contain('Andrew').and.not.contain('Bobby');

Custom matchers #

extension CustomNumAssertions on NumericAssertions {
  NumericAssertions get beNegative {
    if (subject >= 0) {
      throw ShouldlyTestFailureError('Number\n  should be negative');
    }
    return NumericAssertions(subject);
  }
}

Or more exotic matchers

test('Custom matchers', () {
  final bobby = Customer(
    isMarried: true,
    gender: Gender.male,
  );
  bobby.should.beMale.and.beMarried;

  final kate = Customer(
    isMarried: true,
    gender: Gender.female,
  );
  kate.should.beMarried.and.not.beMale;
});

Getting started #

Simple add shouldly dependency into your project.

Usage #

Booleans #

test('false should be `false`', () {
  false.should.beFalse();
});

test('false should not be `true`', () {
  false.should.not.beTrue();
});

Numbers #

test('Int should be type of `int`', () {
  2.should.beEven();
  10.should.beGreaterThan(9);
  9.99.should.not.beCloseTo(10.0, delta: 0.01);
});

Strings #

test('should not start with substring', () {
  'Flutter'.should.not.startWith('A');
});

DateTimes #

// before
DateTime(2021, 9, 9).should.beBefore(DateTime(2021, 9, 10));
DateTime(2021, 9, 9).should.not.beBefore(DateTime(2021, 9, 9));

// close to
DateTime(2021, 9, 9, 1, 1, 1, 2).should.beCloseTo(
      DateTime(2021, 9, 9, 1, 1, 1, 3),
      delta: Duration(milliseconds: 1),
    );

Iterables #

test('should contain', () {
  [1, 200, 3].should.contain(200);
});

test('should not contain', () {
  [1, 2, 4].should.not.contain(3);
});

test('with every element in collection is true for predicate', () {
  [3, 5, 7, 9].should.every((item) => item < 10);
});

test('with some elements in collection is true for predicate', () {
  [3, 5, 7, 9].should.any((item) => item > 8);
});

Maps #

final subject = {
  'name': 'John',
  'age': 18,
};

test('should contain key', () {
  subject.should.containKey('name');
});

test('should contain key with exact value', () {
  subject.should.containKeyWithValue('age', 18);
});

Functions #

test('should throw exact type of exception', () {
  throwExactException.should.throwException<CustomException>();
});

test('async function should throw exception', () async {
  await Should.throwAsync(() {
    Future.delayed(Duration(milliseconds: 100));
    throw Exception('test');
  });
});

test('async function should throw exact exception', () async {
  await Should.throwAsync<CustomException>(() {
    Future.delayed(Duration(milliseconds: 100));
    throw CustomException('custom exception test');
  });
});

test('should complete in a duration', () async {
  await Should.completeIn(
    Duration(seconds: 1),
    func: () => slowFunction(
      Duration(milliseconds: 900),
    ),
  );
});

Objects #

test('should be not null', () {
  final obj = Object();
  obj.should.not.beNull();
});

test('should be null', () {
  const Object? obj = null;
  obj.should.beNull();
});

test('should be type of `int`', () {
  const obj = 1;
  obj.should.beOfType<int>();
});

test('should be assignable to `num`', () {
  const obj = 1;
  obj.should.beAssignableTo<num>();
});

Enums #

test('should not be equal', () {
  seasons.spring.should.not.be(seasons.winter);
});

test('should not be type of', () {
  seasons.spring.should.not.beOfType<level>();
});

test('should be assignable to `Enum`', () {
  seasons.spring.should.beAssignableTo<Enum>();
});

More examples here

Writing Custom Matchers #

extension CustomerExtension on Customer {
  CustomerAssertions get should => CustomerAssertions(this);
}

class CustomerAssertions extends BaseAssertions<Customer, CustomerAssertions> {
  CustomerAssertions(
    Customer? subject, {
    bool isReversed = false,
    String? subjectLabel,
  }) : super(subject, isReversed: isReversed, subjectLabel: subjectLabel);

  CustomerAssertions get beMarried {
    if (isReversed) {
      if (subject!.isMarried) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should not be married');
      }
    } else {
      if (!subject!.isMarried) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should be married');
      }
    }
    return CustomerAssertions(subject);
  }

  CustomerAssertions get beMale {
    if (isReversed) {
      if (subject!.gender == Gender.male) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should be female');
      }
    } else {
      if (subject!.gender != Gender.male) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should be male');
      }
    }

    return CustomerAssertions(subject);
  }

  @override
  CustomerAssertions copy(
    Customer? subject, {
    bool isReversed = false,
    String? subjectLabel,
  }) =>
      CustomerAssertions(
        subject,
        isReversed: isReversed,
        subjectLabel: subjectLabel,
      );
}

Recommendations #

You can improve the readability of the rest of your test code with given_when_then_unit_test, which enhances the test report readability as well.

drawing

Changelog #

Please see the Changelog page to know what's recently changed.

Contributing #

Feel free to contribute to this project.

If you find a bug or want a feature, but don't know how to fix/implement it, please fill an issue.
If you fixed a bug or implemented a new feature, please send a pull request.

We accept the following contributions:

  • Ideas how to improve
  • Reporting issues
  • Fixing bugs
  • More tests
  • More class integrations (Functions, Futures, Functions)
  • Improving documentation and comments

Maintainers #

Support me

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popularity

Publisher

verified publisherdevcraft.ninja

A simple, extensible BDD assertion library which focuses on giving great error messages when the assertion fails.

Repository (GitHub)
View/report issues

License

unknown (LICENSE)

Dependencies

collection

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