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A flexible hybrid locator that supports both single services (like GetIt) and inherited models (like Provider).

registrar #

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A flexible hybrid locator that supports both single services (like GetIt) and inherited models (like Provider).

Registrar goals:

  • Locate single services from anywhere.
  • Locate inherited models in the widget tree.
  • Bind the lifecycle of both single services and inherited models to widgets.
  • Support lazy loading.
  • Support registering inherited models as single services.
  • Work alone or with other state management packages (RxDart, Provider, GetIt, ...).
  • Be scalable and performant, so suitable for both indy and production apps.

Registrar can be used as a standalone locator or integrated into state management libraries. mvvm+ uses Registrar.

Single Services #

Single services are those single instances that need to located from anywhere in the widget tree.

To add a single service to the registry, give a builder to a Registrar widget and add it to the widget tree:

  builder: () => MyService(),
  child: MyWidget(),

Inherited Models #

Inherited models are located on the widget tree (similar to Provider, InheritedWidget). Unlike single services, you can add as many inherited models of the same type as you need.

Adding inherited models to the widget tree uses the same Registrar widget, but with the inherited parameter:

  builder: () => MyModel(),
  inherited: true,
  child: MyWidget(),

Registrar widgets unregister their services and models when they are removed from the widget tree. If their services and models are ChangeNotifiers, the Registrar widgets optionally call the ChangeNotifiers' dispose method.

How to Locate Single Services #

The single service instance can located from anywhere by type:

final myService = Registrar.get<MyService>();

If more than one instance of a service of the same type is needed, you can specify a unique name:

  builder: () => MyService(),
  name: 'some unique name',
  child: MyWidget(),

And then get the service by type and name:

final myService = Registrar.get<MyService>(name: 'some unique name');

When you want to manage multiple services with a single widget, use MultiRegistrar:

  delegates: [
    RegistrarDelegate<MyService>(builder: () => MyService()),
    RegistrarDelegate<MyOtherService>(builder: () => MyOtherService()),
  child: MyWidget(),

For rare use cases where you need to directly manage registering and unregistering services (instead of letting Registrar and MultiRegistrar manage your services), you can use the static register and unregister functions:

Registrar.register<MyService>(builder: () => MyService())

How to Located Inherited Models #

Registrar implements the observer pattern as a mixin that can my added to your models and widgets.

class MyModel with Observer {
  int counter;

Models and widgets that use Observer can listenTo inherited models and single services. To listen to single services:

final text = listenTo<MyWidgetViewModel>(listener: myListener).text;

To listen to inherited models on the widget tree, add the context parameter to search the widget tree:

final text = listenTo<MyWidgetViewModel>(context: context, listener: myListener).text;

For convenience, Observer also adds a get function that doesn't required the preceding Registrar class name. Models and widgets that use Observer can get single services:

final text = get<MyModel>().text;

And get inherited models:

final text = get<MyModel>(context: context).text;

.of #

The of function (Theme.of, Provider.of) is known to introduce unnecessary dependencies in apps (and consequently unnecessary builds). So, using listenTo is recommended. However, if you are migrating from another library that uses of (or simply like using of), Registrar includes of in its BuildContext extension:

final text = context.of<MyModel>().text;

Or, you get use the BuildContext extension to get models without adding a dependency:

final text = context.get<MyModel>().text;

Registering an Inherited Model as a Single Service #

To make an inherited model on the widget tree visible to widgets on other branches, register the inherited model as a single service:


After registering, the model will be available from anywhere. When no longer needed in the registry, simply unregister it:


Example #

(The source code for this example is under the "Example" tab and in the GitHub example/lib/main.dart file.)

There are three registered services:

  1. ColorNotifier changes its color every N seconds and then calls notifyListeners.
  2. FortyTwoService holds a number that is equal to 42.
  3. RandomService generates a random number.

The first service was added to the widget tree with Registrar. The remaining services were added with MultiRegistrar.


That's it! #

If you have questions or suggestions on anything Registrar, please do not hesitate to contact me.

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A flexible hybrid locator that supports both single services (like GetIt) and inherited models (like Provider).

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API reference


Icon for licenses.MIT (LICENSE)


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