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It provides an inversion-of-control component container to facilitate the development of composable services and applications.

Pip.Services Logo
IoC container for Dart #

This module is a part of the Pip.Services polyglot microservices toolkit. It provides an inversion-of-control (IoC) container to facilitate the development of services and applications composed of loosely coupled components.

The module containes a basic in-memory container that can be embedded inside a service or application, or can be run by itself. The second container type can run as a system level process and can be configured via command line arguments. Also it can be used to create docker containers.

The containers can read configuration from JSON or YAML files use it as a recipe for instantiating and configuring components. Component factories are used to create components based on their locators (descriptor) defined in the container configuration. The factories shall be registered in containers or dynamically in the container configuration file.

The module contains the following packages:

  • Core - Basic in-memory and process containers
  • Build - Default container factory
  • Config - Container configuration components
  • Refer - Inter-container reference management (implementation of the Referenceable pattern inside an IoC container)

Quick links:

Use #

Add this to your package's pubspec.yaml file:

  pip_services3_container: version

Now you can install package from the command line:

pub get

Create a factory to create components based on their locators (descriptors).

import 'package:pip_services3_components/src/build/Factory.dart';
import 'package:pip_services3_commons/src/refer/Descriptor.dart';

class MyFactory extends Factory {
  static final MyComponentDescriptor =
      Descriptor('myservice', 'mycomponent', 'default', '*', '1.0');

  MyFactory() : super() {
    registerAsType(MyFactory.MyComponentDescriptor, MyComponent);

Then create a process container and register the factory there. You can also register factories defined in other modules if you plan to include external components into your container.

import 'package:pip_services3_container/src/ProcessContainer.dart';
import 'package:pip_services3_rpc/src/build/DefaultRpcFactory.dart';

class MyProcess extends ProcessContainer {
  MyProcess() : super('myservice', 'My service running as a process') {

Define YAML configuration file with components and their descriptors. The configuration file is pre-processed using Handlebars templating engine that allows to inject configuration parameters or dynamically include/exclude components using conditional blocks. The values for the templating engine are defined via process command line arguments or via environment variables. Support for environment variables works well in docker or other containers like AWS Lambda functions.

# Context information
- descriptor: "pip-services:context-info:default:default:1.0"
  name: myservice
  description: My service running in a process container

# Console logger
- descriptor: "pip-services:logger:console:default:1.0"
  level: {{LOG_LEVEL}}{{^LOG_LEVEL}}info{{/LOG_LEVEL}}

# Performance counters that posts values to log
- descriptor: "pip-services:counters:log:default:1.0"
# My component
- descriptor: "myservice:mycomponent:default:default:1.0"
  param1: XYZ
  param2: 987
# HTTP endpoint version 1.0
- descriptor: "pip-services:endpoint:http:default:1.0"
    protocol: "http"
    host: ""
    port: {{HTTP_PORT}}{{^HTTP_PORT}}8080{{/HTTP_PORT}}

 # Default Status
- descriptor: "pip-services:status-service:http:default:1.0"

# Default Heartbeat
- descriptor: "pip-services:heartbeat-service:http:default:1.0"

To instantiate and run the container we need a simple process launcher.

void main(List<String> args) {
  try {
    var proc = MyProcess();
    proc.configPath = './config/config.yml';
  } catch (ex) {

And, finally, you can run your service launcher as

dart run ./service.dart

Develop #

For development you shall install the following prerequisites:

  • Dart SDK 2
  • Visual Studio Code or another IDE of your choice
  • Docker

Install dependencies:

pub get

Run automated tests:

pub run test

Generate API documentation:


Before committing changes run dockerized build and test as:


Contacts #

The Dart version of Pip.Services is created and maintained by:

  • Sergey Seroukhov
  • Levichev Dmitry

The documentation is written by:

  • Mark Makarychev
  • Levichev Dmitry
pub points


verified publisher iconentinco.com

It provides an inversion-of-control component container to facilitate the development of composable services and applications.

Repository (GitHub)
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API reference


Icon for licenses.MIT (LICENSE)


pip_services3_commons, pip_services3_components


Packages that depend on pip_services3_container