flutter_simple_dependency_injection 1.0.4
flutter_simple_dependency_injection: ^1.0.4

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A super simple dependency injection implementation for flutter that behaves like any normal IOC container and does not rely on mirrors

flutter_simple_dependency_injection #

A simple dependency injection plugin for Flutter and Dart.

This implementation does not rely on the dart reflection apis (mirrors) and favours a simple factory based approach. This increases the performance and simplicity of this implementation.

  • Support for multiple injectors (useful for unit testing or code running in isolates)
  • Support for types and named types
  • Support for singletons
  • Support simple values (useful for configuration parameters like api keys or urls)

Any help is appreciated! Comment, suggestions, issues, PR's!

Getting Started #

In your flutter or dart project add the dependency:

dependencies:
  ...
  flutter_simple_dependency_injection: any

For help getting started with Flutter, view the online documentation.

Usage example #

Import flutter_simple_dependency_injection

import 'package:flutter_simple_dependency_injection/injector.dart';

Injector Configuration #

As this injector relies on factories rather than reflection (as mirrors in not available in Flutter) each mapped type needs to provide a factory function. In most cases this can just be a simple new object returned function. In slightly more advanced scenarios where the type to be created relies on other types an injector instances is passed into the factory function to allow the type of be created to get other types it depends on (see below for examples).

import 'package:flutter_simple_dependency_injection/injector.dart';

void main() {
  // it is best to place all injector initialisation work into one or more modules
  // so it can act more like a dependency injector than a service locator.
  // The Injector implements a singleton pattern. You can get a singleton injector instance
  // just by calling Injector().
  final injector = ModuleContainer().initialise(Injector());

  // NOTE: it is best to architect your code so that you never need to
  // interact with the injector itself.  Make this framework act like a dependency injector
  // by having dependencies injected into objects in their constructors.  That way you avoid
  // any tight coupling with the injector itself.

  // Basic usage, however this kind of tight couple and direct interaction with the injector
  // should be limited.  Instead prefer dependencies injection.

  // simple dependency retrieval and method call
  injector.get<SomeService>().doSomething();

  // get an instance of each of the same mapped types
  final instances = injector.getAll<SomeType>();
  print(instances.length); // prints '3'

  // passing in additional arguments when getting an instance
  final instance =
      injector.get<SomeOtherType>(additionalParameters: {"id": "some-id"});
  print(instance.id); // prints 'some-id'
}

class ModuleContainer {
  Injector initialise(Injector injector) {
    injector.map<Logger>((i) => Logger(), isSingleton: true);
    injector.map<String>((i) => "https://api.com/", key: "apiUrl");
    injector.map<SomeService>(
        (i) => SomeService(i.get<Logger>(), i.get<String>(key: "apiUrl")));

    // note that you can configure mapping in a fluent programming style too
    injector.map<SomeType>((injector) => SomeType("0"))
            ..map<SomeType>((injector) => SomeType("1"), key: "One")
            ..map<SomeType>((injector) => SomeType("2"), key: "Two");

    injector.mapWithParams<SomeOtherType>((i, p) => SomeOtherType(p["id"]));

    return injector;
  }
}

class Logger {
  void log(String message) => print(message);
}

class SomeService {
  final Logger _logger;
  final String _apiUrl;

  SomeService(this._logger, this._apiUrl);

  void doSomething() {
    _logger.log("Doing something with the api at '$_apiUrl'");
  }
}

class SomeType {
  final String id;
  SomeType(this.id);
}

class SomeOtherType {
  final String id;
  SomeOtherType(this.id);
}

Remove mappings #

You can remove a mapped a factory/instance at any time:

  injector.removeMapping<SomeType>();

  injector.removeMapping<SomeType>(key: 'some_key');

  injector.removeAllMappings<SomeType>();

Multiple Injectors #

The Injector class has a factory constructor that by default returns the default singleton instance of the injector. In most cases this will be enough. However, you can pass a name into this factory constructor to return another isolated injector that is independent from the default injector. Passing in a new injector name will create the injector if it has not be retrieved before.

  final defaultInjector = Injector();
  final isolatedInjector = Injector("Isolated");

To destroy an injector instance call its dispose method. The particular instance of the injector with all mappings will be removed.

  Injector().dispose();
  Injector("Isolated").dispose();
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A super simple dependency injection implementation for flutter that behaves like any normal IOC container and does not rely on mirrors

Repository (GitHub)
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Documentation

API reference

Uploader

jonsamwell@gmail.com

License

MIT (LICENSE)

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