expandable 4.1.4

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A Flutter widget that can be expanded or collapsed by clicking on a header or an icon.

Expandable #

A Flutter widget that can be expanded or collapsed by the user.

Introduction #

This library helps implement expandable behavior as prescribed by Material Design:

animated image

Expandable should not be confused with ExpansionPanel. ExpansionPanel, which is a part of Flutter material library, is designed to work only within ExpansionPanelList and cannot be used for making other widgets, for example, expandable Card widgets.

Usage #

The easiest way to make an expandable widget is to use ExpandablePanel:

class ArticleWidget extends StatelessWidget {
  
  final Article article;
  
  ArticleWidget(this.article);

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ExpandablePanel(
      header: Text(article.title),
      collapsed: Text(article.body, softWrap: true, maxLines: 2, overflow: TextOverflow.ellipsis,),
      expanded: Text(article.body, softWrap: true, ),
      tapHeaderToExpand: true,
      hasIcon: true,
    );
  }
}

ExpandablePanel has a number of properties to customize its behavior, but it's restricted by having a title at the top and an expand icon shown as a down arrow (on the right or on the left). If that's not enough, you can implement custom expandable widgets by using a combination of Expandable, ExpandableNotifier, and ExpandableButton:

class EventPhotos extends StatelessWidget {

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return ExpandableNotifier(  // <-- Provides ExpandableController to its children
      child: Column(
        children: [
          Expandable(           // <-- Driven by ExpandableController from ExpandableNotifier
            collapsed: ExpandableButton(  // <-- Expands when tapped on the cover photo
              child: buildCoverPhoto(),
            ),
            expanded: Column(  
              children: [
                buildAllPhotos(),
                ExpandableButton(       // <-- Collapses when tapped on
                  child: Text("Back"),
                ),
              ]
            ),
          ),
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

Automatic Scrolling #

Expandable widgets are often used within a scroll view. When the user expands a widget, be it an ExpandablePanel or an Expandable with a custom control, they expect the expanded widget to fit within the viewable area (if possible). For example, if you show a list of articles with a summary of each article, and the user expands an article to read it, they expect the expanded article to occupy as much screen space as possible. The Expandable package contains a widget to help implement this behavior, ScrollOnExpand. Here's how to use it:

   ExpandableNotifier(      // <-- This is where your controller lives
     //...
     ScrollOnExpand(        // <-- Wraps the widget to scroll
      //...
        ExpandablePanel(    // <-- Your Expandable or ExpandablePanel
          //...
        )
     )
  )

Why a separate widget, you might ask? Because generally you might want to show not just the expanded widget but its container, for example a Card that contains it. See the example app for more details on the usage of ScrollOnExpand.

Themes #

Version 4.0 introduced themes to expandable widgets. Themes greatly simplify visual customization and as well as future extensibility. Each expandable widget can get its theme data directly via the constructor or from the nearest ExpandableTheme widget:

  ExpandableTheme(
    data: ExpandableThemeData(
        iconColor: Colors.red, 
        animationDuration: const Duration(milliseconds: 500)
    ),
      // ...
      Expandable(  // 500 milliseconds animation duration
      ),

      // ...
      ExpandablePanel(  // <-- Blue icon color, 500 milliseconds animation duration
        theme: ExpandableThemeData(iconColor: Colors.blue),
  
      ),
  )

ExpandableTheme widgets can be nested, in which case inner definitions override outer definitions. There is a default theme with fallback values defined in ExpandableThemeData.defaults.

Prior to version 4.0, theme parameters were passed to widget constructors directly. These parameters are now deprecated and will be removed in the next release.

Icon Customization #

There are several theme properties that help customize the expand/collapse icon:

  • hasIcon - should the icon be shown in the header of [ExpandablePanel];
  • iconSize - icon size;
  • iconColor - icon color;
  • iconPadding - icon padding;
  • iconPlacement - icon placement in the header;
  • iconRotationAngle - the angle to which to rotate the icon;
  • expandIcon - icon face to use in the collapsed state;
  • collapseIcon - icon face to use in the expanded state.

When specifying a custom icon, you have the option to use the same icon for expand/collapse or to use two different icons. If using the same icon, specify the same value for expandIcon and collapseIcon, and that icon will be shown as-is in the collapsed state and upside-down in the expanded state.

Migration #

If you have migration issues from a previous version, read the Migration Guide.

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A Flutter widget that can be expanded or collapsed by clicking on a header or an icon.

Repository (GitHub)
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Documentation

API reference

Uploader

aryzhov07@gmail.com

License

MIT (LICENSE)

Dependencies

flutter

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