dart_state_machine 0.3.2
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A general purpose finite-state machine for Dart developers.

A general purpose finite-state machine for Dart developers.

This package is a port of the Kotlin version of the state machine.

Usage #

Let's suppose your app wants to use a state machine for user session state management.

First, let's create your MySessionEvent and MySessionState classes (an implementation of the library's StateMachineEvent and StateMachineState abstract classes):

import 'package:dart_state_machine/dart_state_machine.dart';

class MySessionEvent implements StateMachineEvent {
  static const MySessionEvent login           = MySessionEvent._('login');
  static const MySessionEvent logout          = MySessionEvent._('logout');
  static const MySessionEvent logoutAndForget = MySessionEvent._('logout_and_forget');

  final String id;

  const MySessionEvent._(this.id);

  @override
  bool operator ==(Object other) =>
      identical(this, other) || 
          other is MySessionEvent && runtimeType == other.runtimeType && id == other.id;

  @override
  int get hashCode => id.hashCode;

  @override
  String toString() => '$id';
}

class MySessionState implements StateMachineState {
  static const MySessionState active    = MySessionState._('active');
  static const MySessionState inactive  = MySessionState._('inactive');
  static const MySessionState forgotten = MySessionState._('forgotten');

  final String id;

  const MySessionState._(this.id);

  @override
  bool operator ==(Object other) =>
      identical(this, other) || 
          other is MySessionState && runtimeType == other.runtimeType && id == other.id;

  @override
  int get hashCode => id.hashCode;

  @override
  String toString() => '$id';
}

Then it is possible to create a StateMachine using a StateMacnineBuilder:

var stateMachine = StateMachineBuilder<MySessionEvent, MySessionState>()
    .setInitialState(MySessionState.active)
    .addTransition(
        Transition(
            event: MySessionEvent.login,
            statePath: [MySessionState.inactive, MySessionState.active]
        )
    )
    .addTransition(
        Transition(
            event: MySessionEvent.logout,
            statePath: [MySessionState.active, MySessionState.inactive]
        )
    )
    .addTransition(
        Transition(
            event: MySessionEvent.logoutAndForget,
            statePath: [MySessionState.active, MySessionState.forgotten]
        )
    )
    .build();

Meaning of the above sample configuration is that:

  • There are 3 possible session states (active, inactive and forgotten).
  • There are 3 possible events (login, logout and logoutAndForget).
  • StateMachine's initial state is ACTIVE.
  • There are 3 possible state machine transitions:
EventState path
logininactive -> active
logoutactive -> inactive
logoutAndForgetactive -> forgotten

Now, we can attach a listener and play with the state machine a bit:

var listener = (MySessionState oldState, MySessionState newState) => 
    print('state change: $oldState -> $newState');

stateMachine.addListener(listener);

// prints "state change: active -> inactive"
var consumed = stateMachine.consumeEvent(MySessionEvent.logout);
assert(consumed);

// does nothing
consumed = stateMachine.consumeEvent(MySessionEvent.logout);
assert(!consumed);

// prints "state change: inactive -> active"
consumed = stateMachine.consumeEvent(MySessionEvent.login);
assert(consumed);

// does nothing
consumed = stateMachine.consumeEvent(MySessionEvent.login);
assert(!consumed);

// prints "state change: active -> forgotten"
consumed = stateMachine.consumeEvent(MySessionEvent.logoutAndForget);
assert(consumed);

// does nothing
consumed = stateMachine.consumeEvent(MySessionEvent.login);
assert(!consumed);

// does nothing
consumed = stateMachine.consumeEvent(MySessionEvent.logout);
assert(!consumed);

License #

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2021 Vitaliy Khudenko

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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A general purpose finite-state machine for Dart developers.

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Uploader

vitaliy.khudenko@gmail.com

License

MIT (LICENSE)

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