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GraphX™

pub package style: effective dart License: MIT

| rendering | prototype | design |

Making drawings and animations in Flutter extremely simple.

wiki-tips.

To get some extended, boring explanations, and eventually some sample codes, check the GraphX™ Wiki


Try Graphx (0.0.9) on Dart Pad

news!

prototyping

GraphX is all about visuals, here you have some screen captures of random prototypes I've been doing, while developing and testing graphx.

For your GraphX scene to support Hot Reload, you should initialize your variables and DisplayObjects inside addedToStage, and optionally clean them in dispose.

artificial horizon parallax game charts pie color 2 simple particles drawing api playful v1

... jump to other gifs samples ...

Background.

GraphX™ is here to help you build custom drawings in your Flutter apps. Providing a great versatility to power those screen pixels to a different level.

It's inspired by the good-old Flash API, which forged my way into programming back in the days, and inspired many other rendering frameworks, in several languages through the years.

I was thinking how much I missed to "play" with code, to make things more organic, artistic, alive... I totally love Flutter, but I always feel that it requires too much boilerplate to make things move around (compared to what I used to code).

Even if GraphX™ is not an animation library (although has a small tween engine), nor a game engine, It can help you build really awesome user experiences! It just runs on top of CustomPainter... Using what Flutter SDK exposes from the SKIA engine through the Canvas, yet, gives you some "framework" to run isolated from the Widget's world.

Can be used to simple draw a line, a circle, maybe a custom button, some splash effect on your UI, or even a full-blown game in a portion of the screen.

Mix and match with Flutter as you please, as GraphX™ uses CustomPainter, it is part of your Widget's tree.

Concept.

The repo is in early stages. You can check the changelog to get the latest updates.

GraphX has support for loading rootBundle assets:

ResourceLoader.loadBinary(assetId)
ResourceLoader.loadGif(assetId)
ResourceLoader.loadTextureAtlas(imagePath, xmlPath)
ResourceLoader.loadTexture(assetId)
ResourceLoader.loadImage(assetId)
ResourceLoader.loadString(assetId)
ResourceLoader.loadJson(assetId)
ResourceLoader.loadSvg(assetId)

As well as network images (SVG is not supported on non-SKIA targets):

ResourceLoader.loadNetworkTexture(url);
ResourceLoader.loadNetworkSvg(url);

ResourceLoader also stores in cache based on the assetId or url provided. You can pass cacheId in most methods to override that, once the resources loaded, you can access them with:

ResourceLoader.getTexture(id);
ResourceLoader.getSvg(id);
ResourceLoader.getAtlas(id);
ResourceLoader.getGif(id);

GraphX™ also provides "raw" support for Text rendering, using the StaticText class.


How does it work?

GraphX™ drives a CustomPainter inside. The idea is to simplify the usage of Flutter's Canvas, plus adding the display list concept, very similar to the Widget Tree concept; so you can imperatively code, manage and create more complex "Scenes".

The library has its own rendering cycle using Flutter's Ticker (pretty much like AnimationController does), and each SceneWidgetBuilder does its own input capture and processing (mouse, keyboard, touches). Even if it runs on the Widget tree, you can enable the flags to capture mouse/touch input, or keystrokes events (if u wanna do some simple game, or desktop/web tool).

Sample code.

  body: Center(
    child: SceneBuilderWidget( /// wrap any Widget with SceneBuilderWidget
      builder: () => SceneController(
        back: GameSceneBack(), /// optional provide the background layer
        front: GameSceneFront(), /// optional provide the foreground layer
      ),
      child: Column(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
        children: <Widget>[
          Text(
            'You have pushed the button this many times:',
          ),
          Text(
            '$_counter',
            style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.headline4,
          ),
        ],
      ),
    ),
  ),

GraphX™ is based on "Scenes", each SceneBuilderWidget requires a SceneController. This controller is the initializer of the Scenes layers, which can be:

  • back (background painter),
  • front (foreground painter),
  • or both.

Also takes a SceneConfig(), so you can configure what you need from the Widget's side. You can make use of some predefined Scene configurators:

  • SceneConfig.static: If you plan to only use this scene to draw some graphics, like a background.
  • SceneConfig.games: Activates all GraphX features, auto render and update, pointers and keyboard support.
  • SceneConfig.tools: Shortcut of games, helpful if you wanna use it in some custom drawing editor, or similar with keyboard shortcuts.
  • SceneConfig.interactive (default): Probably the most common setup for mobile, enables all features except keyboard support.
  • SceneConfig.autoRender: Allows you to have a ticker running, and auto update the scene, with NO inputs (mouse/touch/keyboard), if you wanna have an animated Widget, or maybe if you wanna control it externally.

Each "Scene" has to extend Sprite, this root class represents the starting point of that particular scene hierarchy. Think of it as MaterialApp widget is to all other children Widgets in the tree.

Here we get into GraphX™ world, no more Widgets trees or immutable properties.

You can make custom UI widgets, games, or make use of GraphX to create a static drawing, like curved backgrounds, or complex shapes.

Is a good practice to override addedToStage() as your entry point, here the Scene is ready, the root class has been added to the glorified stage, so you can access the Canvas size through stage.stageWidth and stage.stageHeight, the keyboard manager (if available), and lots of other properties, up to the SceneController that owns the scene (stage.scene.core, although, that's irrelevant for now):

class GameScene extends Sprite {

  @override
  void addedToStage() {
    /// Here you can access the `stage`, get the size of the
    /// current Scene, keyboard events, or any stage property
    /// You can initialize your DisplayObjects here to play
    /// "safe" if you need to access any stage property.
  }

For now, GraphX™ has a few classes for rendering in the "display list": Like Shape (for "pen" drawings commands through it's graphics property), Sprite (create hierarchies of rendering objects), StaticText (for Texts), GxIcon (for Flutter icons), Bitmap (for GTexture, which is a wrapper around dart:ui.Image), MovieClip(for Spritesheet and Gif support), SvgShape (dependency for svg, package not included), SimpleParticleSystem (to create optimized particles for games), and Flare/Rive render objects which will live in another package/utility eventually to avoid dependencies.

By the way, in the previous example, GameScene is the root node in the display tree, the entry point where DisplayObjects renders, and where you need to add your own objects.

For instance, to create a simple purple circle:

@override
void addedToStage(){
    var circle = Shape();
    circle.graphics.lineStyle(2, Colors.purple.value) /// access HEX value of Color
      ..drawCircle(0, 0, 20)
      ..endFill();
    addChild(circle); // add the child to the rootScene.
}

Sprite internally extends from the abstract class DisplayObjectContainer, and as the name implies, is a container that can contain more DisplayObjects. Yet, Shape is a DisplayObject (another abstract class, and also, the root class of all rendering objects in GraphX), so it can't contain children. That makes it a bit more performant on each painter step. So, when you need to group objects, you should create Sprites and add children into it, even other Sprites, that's the idea of GraphX after all, group rendering objects so you can transform them independently or transform a parent Sprite (or subclass of it), and apply it to the tree inside of it, transformations are accumulative from parent to child ...

What is a transformation?

The ability to translate, scale, rotate, skew a DisplayObject through his properties: x, y, width, height, scaleX, scaleY, rotation, skewX, skewY, etc.

We could also use our root scene to draw things:

@override
addedToStage(){
  graphics.beginFill(0x0000ff, .6)
  ..drawRoundRect(100, 100, 40, 40, 4)
  ..endFill();
...
}

Pointer access

Pointer signals has been "simplified" as Mouse events now... as it's super easy to work with single touch / mouse interactions in DisplayObjects. There are a bunch of signals to listen on each object... taken from AS3, and JS.

  • onMouseDoubleClick
  • onMouseClick
  • onMouseDown
  • onMouseUp
  • onMouseMove
  • onMouseOver
  • onMouseOut
  • onMouseScroll

They all emit a MouseInputData with all the needed info inside, like stage coordinates, or translated local coordinates, which "mouse" button is pressed, etc.


Demos.

Some demos are only using GraphX™ partially


Feel free to play around with the current API, even if it's still rough on edges and unoptimized, it might help you do things quicker.

SKIA is pretty powerful!


help & socialize.

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Screencast Demos.

(Some demos uses GraphX's only for ticker, input events or initial scene graph, making usage of direct Canvas calls)._

  • charts bezier + gradient

    charts bezier + gradient

  • neumorphic button

    neumorphic button

  • 3d card shadow

    3d card shadow

  • 3d pizza box

    3d pizza box

  • pendulum

    pendulum

  • rating stars

    rating stars

  • rotating dial

    rotating dial

  • intro "universo flutter"

    intro

  • 3d spiral loader

    3d spiral loader

  • breakout game

    breakout game

  • gauges

    gauges

  • bubble loader

    bubble loader

  • xmas counter

    xmas counter

  • google fonts

    google fonts

  • graphics.drawTriangles

    graphics.drawTriangles

  • image transform

    image transform

  • svg sample demo

    svg sample demo

  • chart lines

    charts lines

  • charts pie

    charts pie color 1

  • mouse cursor support

    mouse cursor support

  • debug objects bounds

    debug objects bounds

  • demo sample tween

    demo sample tween

  • direction blur filter

    directional blur filter

  • hand drawing v1

    hand drawing v1

  • hand drawing v2

    hand drawing v2

  • drawing api playful v2

    drawing api playful v2

  • elastic band

    elastic band

  • flare playback

    Flare playback

  • flip child scenes

    Flip child scenes

  • flutter widgets mix

    Mix with Flutter widgets

  • icon with gradient paint

    icon painter gradient

  • inverted masks

    inverted masks

  • isometric demo

    isometric demo

  • light button

    light button

  • marquesina

    marquesina de texto

  • menu with mask

    menu mask

  • menu mouse test

    menu mouse

  • nested transformations

    nested transform touch

  • particles with alpha

    particles with alpha

  • particles blending

    particles blend

  • circular progress panel

    progress panel

  • rive playback

    rive playback

  • 3d rotation

    rotation 3d

  • spiral

    spiral

  • spritesheet explosion

    spritesheet explosion

  • supernova tween

    star effect

  • text rainbow

    text rainbow

  • basic tween animation

    tween animation

  • tween behaviour

    tween behaviour

  • tween color

    tween color

  • multiple scenes

    multiple scenes

  • line button ⇢

    line button

  • color picker ⇢

    color picker

  • responsive switch

    responsive switch


Donation

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Libraries

graphx