pdf_render is a PDF renderer implementation that supports iOS (>= 8.0) and Android (>= API Level 21). It provides you with intermediate PDF rendering APIs and also easy-to-use Flutter Widgets.


Note on iOS Simulator

The plugin uses Flutter's Texture to realize fast rendering of PDF pages and it does not work correctly in iOS Simulator and the plugin will fallback to compatibility rendering mode.

Please use the physical device to test the actual behavior.

Importing Widgets Library

Althouth 0.61.0 introduces new PDF rendering widgets, it also contains deprecated but backward compatible old widgets too. Anyway if you're new to the plugin, you had better use the new widgets with the following import:

import 'package:pdf_render/pdf_render_widgets2.dart';


PdfViewer is an extensible PDF document viewer widget which supports pinch-zoom.

The following fragment is a simplest use of the widget:

  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    PdfViewerController controller;
    return new MaterialApp(
      home: new Scaffold(
        appBar: new AppBar(
          title: const Text('Pdf_render example app'),
        backgroundColor: Colors.grey,
        body: PdfViewer(assetName: 'assets/hello.pdf', pageNumber: 2); // show the page-2

PdfViewerController can be used to obtain number of pages inside the document and it also provide goTo and goToPage methods that you can scroll the viewer to make certain page/area of the document visible:

  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    PdfViewerController controller;
    return new MaterialApp(
      home: new Scaffold(
        appBar: new AppBar(
          title: const Text('Pdf_render example app'),
        backgroundColor: Colors.grey,
        body: PdfViewer(
          assetName: 'assets/hello.pdf', onViewerControllerInitialized: (PdfViewerController c) {
            controller = c;
            c.goToPage(pageNumber: 3); // scrolling animation to page 3.
      floatingActionButton: Column(
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.end,
        children: <Widget>[
          // move to the first page.
          FloatingActionButton(heroTag: 'firstPage', child: Icon(Icons.first_page), onPressed: () => controller?.goToPage(pageNumber: 1)),
          // move to the last page.
          FloatingActionButton(heroTag: 'lastPage', child: Icon(Icons.last_page), onPressed: () => controller?.goToPage(pageNumber: controller?.pageCount)),

PdfViewerController implementation is based on InteractiveViewer and you can use almsot all parameters of InteractiveViewer.

Page decoration

Each page shown in PdfViewerController is by default has drop-shadow using BoxDecoration. You can override the appearance by pageDecoration property.

Further page appearance customization

buildPagePlaceholder is used to customize the white blank page that is shown before loading the page contents.

buildPageOverlay is used to overlay something on every page.

Both functions are defined as BuildPageContentFunc:

typedef BuildPageContentFunc = Widget Function(BuildContext context, int pageNumber, Rect pageRect);

The third parameter, pageRect is location of page in viewer's world coordinates.

Single page view

The following fragment illustrates the easiest way to render only one page of a PDF document using PdfDocumentLoader. It is suitable for showing PDF thumbnail.

  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return new MaterialApp(
      home: new Scaffold(
        appBar: new AppBar(
          title: const Text('Pdf_render example app'),
        backgroundColor: Colors.grey,
        body: Center(
          child: PdfDocumentLoader(
            assetName: 'assets/hello.pdf',
            pageNumber: 1,
            pageBuilder: (context, textureBuilder, pageSize) => textureBuilder()

Of course, PdfDocumentLoader accepts one of filePath, assetName, or data to load PDF document from a file, or other sources.

Multipage view using ListView.builder

Using PdfDocumentLoader in combination with PdfPageView, you can show multiple pages of a PDF document. In the following fragment, ListView.builder is utilized to realize scrollable PDF document viewer.

  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return new MaterialApp(
      home: new Scaffold(
        appBar: new AppBar(
          title: const Text('Pdf_render example app'),
        backgroundColor: Colors.grey,
        body: Center(
          child: PdfDocumentLoader(
            assetName: 'assets/hello.pdf',
            documentBuilder: (context, pdfDocument, pageCount) => LayoutBuilder(
              builder: (context, constraints) => ListView.builder(
                itemCount: pageCount,
                itemBuilder: (context, index) => Container(
                  margin: EdgeInsets.all(margin),
                  padding: EdgeInsets.all(padding),
                  color: Colors.black12,
                  child: PdfPageView(
                    pdfDocument: pdfDocument,
                    pageNumber: index + 1,

Customizing page widget

Both PdfDocumentLoader and PdfPageView accepts pageBuilder parameter if you want to customize the visual of each page. The following fragment illustrates that:

  pageNumber: index + 1,
  // pageSize is the PDF page size in pt.
  pageBuilder: (context, textureBuilder, pageSize) {
    // This illustrates how to decorate the page image with other widgets
    return Stack(
      alignment: Alignment.bottomCenter,
      children: <Widget>[
        // the container adds shadow on each page
            margin: EdgeInsets.all(margin),
            padding: EdgeInsets.all(padding),
            decoration: BoxDecoration(boxShadow: [
                  color: Colors.black45,
                  blurRadius: 4,
                  offset: Offset(2, 2))
            // textureBuilder builds the actual page image
            child: textureBuilder()),
        // adding page number on the bottom of rendered page
        Text('${index + 1}',
            style: TextStyle(fontSize: 50))


textureBuilder (PdfPageTextureBuilder) generates the actual widget that directly corresponding to the page image. The actual widget generated may vary upon the situation. But you can of course customize the behavior of the funtion with its parameter.

The function is defined as:

typedef PdfPageTextureBuilder = Widget Function({
  Size size,
  bool returnNullForError,
  PdfPagePlaceholderBuilder placeholderBuilder,
  bool backgroundFill,
  double renderingPixelRatio,
  bool dontUseTexture

So if you want to generate widget of an exact size, you can specify size explicitly.

Please note that the size is in density-independent pixels. The function is responsible for determining the actual pixel size based on device's pixel density.

returnNullForError may be true if you want null for PDF page loading/rendering failure; it is, with the parameter, you can handle the behavior on such failures:

textureBuilder(returnNullForError: true) ?? Container()

placeholderBuilder is the final resort that controls the "placeholder" for loading or failure cases.

/// Creates page placeholder that is shown on page loading or even page load failure.
typedef PdfPagePlaceholderBuilder = Widget Function(Size size, PdfPageStatus status);

/// Page loading status.
enum PdfPageStatus {
  /// The page is currently being loaded.
  /// The page load failed.

PDF rendering APIs

The following fragment illustrates overall usage of PdfDocument:

import 'package:pdf_render/pdf_render.dart';


/// Open the document using either openFile, openAsset, or openData.
PdfDocument doc = await PdfDocument.openAsset('assets/hello.pdf');

// Get the number of pages in the PDF file
int pageCount = doc.pageCount;

// The first page is 1
PdfPage page = await doc.getPage(1);

// For the render function's return, see explanation below
PdfPageImage pageImage = await page.render();

// Now, you can access pageImage.pixels for raw RGBA data
// ...

// Generating dart:ui.Image cache for later use by imageIfAvailable
await pageImage.createImageIfNotAvailable();

// PDFDocument must be disposed as soon as possible.

And then, you can use PdfPageImage to get the actual RGBA image in dart:ui.Image.

To embed the image in the widget tree, you can use RawImage:

Widget build(BuildContext context) {
  return Center(
    child: Container(
      padding: EdgeInsets.all(10.0),
      color: Colors.grey,
      child: Center(
        // before using imageIfAvailable, you should call createImageIfNotAvailable
        child: RawImage(image: pageImage.imageIfAvailable, fit: BoxFit.contain))

If you just building widget tree, you had better use faster and efficient PdfPageImageTexture.


On PdfDocument class, there are three functions to open PDF from a real file, an asset file, or a memory data.

// from an asset file
PdfDocument docFromAsset = await PdfDocument.openAsset('assets/hello.pdf');

// from a file
PdfDocument docFromFile = await PdfDocument.openFile('/somewhere/in/real/file/system/file.pdf');

// from PDF memory image on Uint8List
PdfDocument docFromData = await PdfDocument.openData(data);

PdfDocument members

class PdfDocument {
  final int docId; // For internal purpose
  final int pageCount; // Number of pages in the document
  final int verMajor; // PDF major version
  final int verMinor; // PDF minor version
  final bool isEncrypted; // Whether the file is encrypted or not
  final bool allowsCopying; // Whether the file allows you to copy the texts
  final bool allowsPrinting; // Whether the file allows you to print the document

  // Get a page by page number (page number starts at 1)
  Future<PdfPage> getPage(int pageNumber);

  // Dispose the instance.
  void dispose();

PdfPage members

class PdfPage {
  final int docId; // For internal purpose
  final int pageNumber; // Page number (page number starts at 1)
  final int rotationAngle; // Rotation angle; one of 0, 90, 180, 270
  final double width; // Page width in points; pixel size on 72-dpi
  final double height; // Page height in points; pixel size on 72-dpi

  // render sub-region of the PDF page.
  Future<PdfPageImage> render({
    int x = 0, int y = 0,
    int width = 0, int height = 0,
    double fullWidth = 0.0, double fullHeight = 0.0 });

render function extracts a sub-region (x,y) - (x + width, y + height) from scaled fullWidth x fullHeight PDF page image. All the coordinates are in pixels.

The following fragment renders the page at 300 dpi:

const scale = 300.0 / 72.0;
const fullWidth = page.width * scale;
const fullHeight = page.height * scale;
var rendered = page.render(
  x: 0,
  y: 0,
  width: fullWidth.toInt(),
  height: fullHeight.toInt(),
  fullWidth: fullWidth,
  fullHeight: fullHeight);

PdfPageImage members

class PdfPageImage {
  /// Page number. The first page is 1.
  final int pageNumber;
  /// Left X coordinate of the rendered area in pixels.
  final int x;
  /// Top Y coordinate of the rendered area in pixels.
  final int y;
  /// Width of the rendered area in pixels.
  final int width;
  /// Height of the rendered area in pixels.
  final int height;
  /// Full width of the rendered page image in pixels.
  final int fullWidth;
  /// Full height of the rendered page image in pixels.
  final int fullHeight;
  /// PDF page width in points (width in pixels at 72 dpi).
  final double pageWidth;
  /// PDF page height in points (height in pixels at 72 dpi).
  final double pageHeight;
  /// RGBA pixels in byte array.
  final Uint8List pixels;

  /// Get [dart:ui.Image] for the object.
  Future<Image> createImageIfNotAvailable() async;

  /// Get [Image] for the object if available; otherwise null.
  /// If you want to ensure that the [Image] is available, call [createImageIfNotAvailable].
  Image get imageIfAvailable;

createImageIfNotAvailable generates image cache in dart:ui.Image and imageIfAvailable returns the cached image if available.

If you just need RGBA byte array, you can use pixels for that purpose. The pixel at (x,y) is on pixels[(x+y*width)*4]. Anyway, it's highly discouraged to modify the contents directly though it would work correctly.

PdfPageImageTexture members

The class is used to interact with Flutter's Texture class to realize faster and resource-saving rendering comparing to PdfPageImage/RawImage combination.

class PdfPageImageTexture {
  final PdfDocument pdfDocument;
  final int pageNumber;
  final int texId;

  bool operator ==(Object other);
  int get hashCode;

  /// Create a new Flutter [Texture]. The object should be released by calling [dispose] method after use it.
  static Future<PdfPageImageTexture> create({@required PdfDocument pdfDocument, @required int pageNumber});

  /// Release the object.
  Future<void> dispose();

  /// Update texture's sub-rectangle ([destX],[destY],[width],[height]) with the sub-rectangle ([srcX],[srcY],[width],[height]) of the PDF page scaled to [fullWidth] x [fullHeight] size.
  /// If [backgroundFill] is true, the sub-rectangle is filled with white before rendering the page content.
  /// The method can also resize the texture if you specify [texWidth] and [texHeight].
  Future<void> updateRect({int destX = 0, int destY = 0, int width, int height, int srcX = 0, int srcY = 0, int texWidth, int texHeight, double fullWidth, double fullHeight, bool backgroundFill = true});

Future plans

  • Supporting password protected PDF files (#1)