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oauth2_client

Simple Flutter library for interacting with OAuth2 servers. It provides convenience classes for interacting with the "usual suspects" (Google, Facebook, LinkedIn, GitHub), but it's particularly suited for implementing clients for custom OAuth2 servers.

The library handles Authorization Code, Client Credentials and Implicit Grant flows.

Prerequisites

If at all possible, when registering your application on the OAuth provider try not to use HTTPS as the scheme part of the redirect uri, because in that case your application won't intercept the server redirection, as it will be automatically handled by the system browser (at least on Android). Just use a custom scheme, such as "my.test.app" or any other scheme you want.

If the OAuth2 server allows only HTTPS uri schemes and you are developing an Android app, refer to the FAQ section.

Android

If Android is one of your targets, you must first set the minSdkVersion in the build.gradle file:

defaultConfig {
   ...
   minSdkVersion 18
   ...

Again on Android, if your application uses the Authorization Code flow, you first need to modify the AndroidManifest.xml file adding the intent filter needed to open the browser window for the authorization workflow. The library relies on the flutter_web_auth package to allow the Authorization Code flow.

AndroidManifest.xml

<activity android:name="com.linusu.flutter_web_auth.CallbackActivity" >
	<intent-filter android:label="flutter_web_auth">
		<action android:name="android.intent.action.VIEW" />
		<category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
		<category android:name="android.intent.category.BROWSABLE" />
		<data android:scheme="my.test.app" />
	</intent-filter>
</activity>

iOS

On iOS you need to set the platform in the ios/Podfile file:

platform :ios, '11.0'

Installation

Add the library to your pubspec.yaml file:

dependencies:
	oauth2_client: ^1.5.0

Usage with the helper class

The simplest way to use the library is through the OAuth2Helper class. This class transparently handles tokens request/refresh, as well as storing and caching them.

Besides, it implements convenience methods to transparently perform http requests adding the generated access tokens.

First, instantiate and setup the helper:

import 'package:oauth2_client/oauth2_helper.dart';
//We are going to use the google client for this example...
import 'package:oauth2_client/google_oauth2_client.dart';
import 'package:http/http.dart' as http;

//Instantiate an OAuth2Client...
GoogleOAuth2Client client = GoogleOAuth2Client(
	customUriScheme: 'my.test.app' //Must correspond to the AndroidManifest's "android:scheme" attribute
	redirectUri: 'my.test.app://oauth2redirect', //Can be any URI, but the scheme part must correspond to the customeUriScheme
);

//Then, instantiate the helper passing the previously instantiated client
OAuth2Helper oauth2Helper = OAuth2Helper(client,
	grantType: OAuth2Helper.AUTHORIZATION_CODE,
	clientId: 'your_client_id',
	clientSecret: 'your_client_secret',
	scopes: ['https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.readonly']);

In the example we used the Google client, but you can use any other provided client or implement your own (see below).

Now you can use the helper class to perform HTTP requests to the server.

http.Response resp = helper.get('https://www.googleapis.com/drive/v3/files');

The helper will:

  • check if a token already exists in the secure storage
  • if it doesn't exist:
    • request the token using the flow and the parameters specified in the setAuthorizationParams call. For example, for the Authorization Code flow this involves opening a web browser for the authorization code and then requesting the actual access token. The token is then stored in secure storage.
  • if the token already exists, but is expired, a new one is automatically generated using the refresh_token flow. The token is then stored in secure storage.
  • Perform the actual http request with the access token included.

Usage without the helper class

You can use the library without the helper class, using one of the base client classes.

This way tokens won't be automatically stored, nor will be automatically refreshed. Furthermore, you will have to add the access token to http requests by yourself.

//Import the client you need (see later for available clients)...
import 'myclient.dart'; //Not an actual client!
import 'package:oauth2_client/access_token_response.dart';

...

//Instantiate the client
client = MyClient(...);

//Request a token using the Authorization Code flow...
AccessToken token = client.getTokenWithAuthCodeFlow(
	clientId: 'your_client_id',
	scopes: ['scope1', 'scope2', ...]
);

//Request a token using the Client Credentials flow...
AccessToken token = client.getTokenWithClientCredentialsFlow(
	clientId: 'XXX', //Your client id
	clientSecret: 'XXX', //Your client secret
	scopes: ['scope1', 'scope2', ...] //Optional
);

//Or, if you already have a token, check if it is expired and in case refresh it...
if(token.isExpired()) {
	token = client.refreshToken(token.refreshToken);
}

Predefined clients

The library implements clients for the following services/organizations:

  • Google
  • Facebook
  • LinkedIn
  • GitHub

Google client

In order to use this client you need to first configure OAuth2 credentials in the Google API console (https://console.developers.google.com/apis/).

First you need to create a new Project if it doesn't already exists, then you need to create the OAuth2 credentials ("OAuth Client ID").

Select iOS as Application Type, specify a name for the client and in the Bundle ID field insert your custom uri scheme (for example 'my.test.app', but you can use whatever uri scheme you want).

Then in your code:

import 'package:oauth2_client/google_oauth2_client.dart';

OAuth2Client googleClient = GoogleOAuth2Client(
	redirectUri: 'my.test.app://oauth2redirect',
	customUriScheme: 'my.test.app'
);

Then you can instantiate an helper class or directly use the client methods to acquire access tokens.

Facebook client

In order to use this client you need to first configure OAuth2 credentials in the Facebook dashboard.

Then in your code:

import 'package:oauth2_client/facebook_oauth2_client.dart';

OAuth2Client fbClient = FacebookOAuth2Client(
	redirectUri: 'my.test.app://oauth2redirect',
	customUriScheme: 'my.test.app'
);

Then you can instantiate an helper class or directly use the client methods to acquire access tokens.

LinkedIn client

In order to use this client you need to first configure OAuth2 credentials. See https://docs.microsoft.com/it-it/linkedin/shared/authentication/authorization-code-flow.

Then in your code:

import 'package:oauth2_client/linkedin_oauth2_client.dart';

OAuth2Client liClient = LinkedInOAuth2Client(
	redirectUri: 'my.test.app://oauth2redirect',
	customUriScheme: 'my.test.app'
);

Then you can instantiate an helper class or directly use the client methods to acquire access tokens.

GitHub client

In order to use this client you need to first create a new OAuth2 App in the GittHub Developer Settings (https://github.com/settings/developers)

Then in your code:

import 'package:oauth2_client/github_oauth2_client.dart';

OAuth2Client ghClient = GitHubOAuth2Client(
	redirectUri: 'my.test.app://oauth2redirect',
	customUriScheme: 'my.test.app'
);

Then you can instantiate an helper class or directly use the client methods to acquire access tokens.

Implementing your own client

Implementing your own client is quite simple, and often it requires only few lines of code.

In the majority of cases you only need to extend the base OAuth2Client class and configure the proper endpoints for the authorization and token url.

import 'package:oauth2_client/oauth2_client.dart';
import 'package:meta/meta.dart';

class MyOAuth2Client extends OAuth2Client {
  MyOAuth2Client({@required String redirectUri, @required String customUriScheme}): super(
    authorizeUrl: 'https://...', //Your service's authorization url
    tokenUrl: 'https://...', //Your service access token url
    redirectUri: redirectUri,
    customUriScheme: customUriScheme
  );
}

Open ID support

Open ID Connect is currently in development. Stay tuned for updates!

FAQ

Tokens are not getting stored!

If when using the helper class the tokens seem to not getting stored, it could be that the requested scopes differs from those returned by the Authorization server.

OAuth2 specs state that the server could optionally return the granted scopes. The OAuth2Helper, when storing an access token, keeps track of the scopes it has been granted for, so the next time a token is needed for one or more of those scopes, it will be readily available without performing another authorization flow.

If the client requests an authorization grant for scopes "A" and "B", but the server for some reason returns a token valid for scope "A" only, that token will be stored along with scope "A", and not "B". This means that the next time the client will need a token for scopes "A" and "B", the helper will check its storage looking for a token for both "A" and "B", but will only find a token valid for "A", so it will start a new authorization process.

To verify that the requested scopes are really the ones granted on the server, you can use something like the following:

var client = OAuth2Client(
  authorizeUrl: <YOUR_AUTHORIZE_URL>,
  tokenUrl: <YOUR_TOKEN_URL>,
  redirectUri: <YOUR_REDIRECT_URI>,
  customUriScheme: <YOUR_CUSTOM_SCHEME>);

var tknResp = await client.getTokenWithAuthCodeFlow(
  clientId: <YOUR_CLIENT_ID>,
  scopes: [
	  <LIST_OF_SCOPES>
  ]);

print(tknResp.httpStatusCode);
print(tknResp.error);
print(tknResp.expirationDate);
print(tknResp.scope);

Apart from the order, the printed scopes should correspond exactly to the ones you requested.

Can I use https instead of a custom scheme?

If you want to use an HTTPS url as the redirect uri, you must setup it as an App Link. First you need to specify both the android:host and android:pathPrefix attributes, as long as the android:autoVerify="true" attribute in the intent-filter tag inside the AndroidManifest.xml:

<activity android:name="com.linusu.flutter_web_auth.CallbackActivity" >
	<intent-filter android:label="flutter_web_auth" android:autoVerify="true">
		<action android:name="android.intent.action.VIEW" />
		<category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
		<category android:name="android.intent.category.BROWSABLE" />

		<data android:scheme="https"
				android:host="www.myapp.com"
				android:pathPrefix="/oauth2redirect" />
	</intent-filter>
</activity>

Then you need to prove ownership of the domain host by publishing a Digital Asset Links JSON file on your website. This involves generating an App signing key and signing your app with it.

Libraries

access_token_response
authorization_response
facebook_oauth2_client
github_oauth2_client
google_oauth2_client
linkedin_oauth2_client
oauth2_client
oauth2_exception
oauth2_helper
oauth2_response