Workiva's Shared Dart Analysis Options

This is our take on the Dart team's pedantic package and is used in all Workiva Dart packages.

This package (package:workiva_analysis_options) publicly exports analysis_options.yaml files that can be included in a project's own analysis_options.yaml.

# pubspec.yaml
dev_dependencies:
  workiva_analysis_options: ^1.0.0
# analysis_options.yaml
include: package:workiva_analysis_options/v1.yaml

Because most packages don't commit a pubspec.lock, CI may fail if updates to the analysis_options.yaml files in this package are automatically consumed. To avoid this, all of these files include a version in the filename, and changes that could cause new analyzer failures will only ever be introduced in separate, versioned files.

For example, in the next release of this library, the existing v1 files will remain unmodified:

  • package:workiva_analysis_options/v1.yaml
  • package:workiva_analysis_options/v1.recommended.yaml

And changes to the analysis options will only be included in new v2 files:

  • package:workiva_analysis_options/v2.yaml
  • package:workiva_analysis_options/v2.recommended.yaml

This enables consumers to depend on this package with a version range like ^1.0.0 while being able to manage their analysis options upgrade separately.

How lints and analyzer rules are evaluated

Periodically, Workiva's Client Platform team will evaluate the available lints and rules and attempt to categorize them into one of the following:

  • Required

    • Should provide enough value that it is worth requiring them for all Workiva Dart projects.
    • Should not contradict any other required rules.
    • Usually help identify problematic code or protect against patterns that can be confusing or incorrect.
    • May enforce stylistic/subjective patterns that are nearly universally agreed upon within the organization.
  • Recommended

    • Should be valuable to most projects.
    • Should not contradict any required rules or other recommended rules.
    • May have certain exceptions or caveats that prevent them from being required.
    • May be used for rules that could be required, but are not currently worth the investment due to the # of infractions that would need to be fixed in order to adopt.
    • May be used for rules that are intended to be upgraded to required in the future but are either new or were not previously required.
  • Optional

    • Should not contradict any required or recommended rules.
    • May have incompatibilities with common patterns or libraries used at Workiva.
    • Often times stylistic or subjective.
    • May be used for rules that could be recommended, but are not currently worth the investment due to the # of infractions that would need to be fixed in order to adopt.
    • May be used for rules that are intended to be upgraded to recommended in the future but are either new or were not previously required.
  • Avoid/Not Recommended

    • May contradict one or more required or recommended rules.
    • May be targeted towards domains that Workiva Dart development does not (yet) overlap with (e.g. flutter).
    • May be experimental or very new.
    • May have an unclear long-term impact that should be avoided until more investigation/experimentation can be done.

We will use feedback from the Dart developers at Workiva, other similar resources (like the pedantic package), and the number of existing infractions across Workiva Dart projects (collected automatically) to inform our decisions. Each lint has its own issue in this repo that can be used to discuss changes and will serve as documentation of context and reasons that influenced the decisions.

The default analysis_options.yaml files only enable the required rules, but this package also provides a separate version that also enables the recommended rules.

# analysis_options.yaml
# Enables all required AND recommended rules.
include: package:workiva_analysis_options/v1.recommended.yaml

Note: there is also a version provided by this library that includes the optional rules, but it is only intended for use in an automated fashion for the purpose of gathering data on the number of infractions in Workiva packages.

Ensuring adoption of the latest shared options

An automated tool will be integrated into a CI check to verify that Workiva Dart projects depend on this package at a specific version (or later) and include the shared config in analysis_options.yaml.

Ensuring that analyzer infractions get fixed

All required analyzer lints and infos/hints/lints will have their severities upgraded to "warning", e.g.:

# package:workiva_analysis_options/v1.yaml
analyzer:
  errors:
    avoid_empty_else: warning

It is then expected (and enforced internally at Workiva) that CI and developers run analysis in a way that results in a non-zero exit code when errors or warnings are present.

With dartanalyzer, this means using --fatal-warnings. With tuneup, this is enforced by default.


Latest Analysis Options Designations

Lints & Rules Table of Contents