Dart Vector Tile

Package to encode & decode vector tiles. A implementation of Mapbox Vector Tile specification 2.1.

Features:

  • x Parse .mvt/.pbf file to raw vector tile format.
  • x Decode raw vector tile feature to GeoJson format (only GeoJson Feature type).
  • x Decode raw vector tile to GeoJson FeatureCollection format.
  • x Encode & create vector tile file from raw format data.
  • Encode & create vector tile file from GeoJson format data. (TODO)

Parse & Decode

Parse and then decode each feature to GeoJson from a vector tile file, either .pbf or .mvt should work:

import 'vector_tile/vector_tile.dart';

main() async {
  VectorTile tile = await VectorTile.fromPath(path: '../data/sample-12-3262-1923.pbf');
  VectorTileLayer layer = tile.layers.firstWhere((layer) => layer.name == 'transportation');

  layer.features.forEach((feature) {
    // Geometry will be decode on-demand to avoid redundant calculating
    feature.decodeGeometry();

    // Each GeometryType will have different geometry data format
    // So we must explicit check GeometryType and specific generic type here
    if (feature.geometryType == GeometryType.Point) {
      var geojson = feature.toGeoJson<GeoJsonPoint>(x: 3262, y: 1923, z: 12);

      print(geojson.properties);
      print(geojson.geometry.coordinates);
    }
  })
}

We also can decode feature to GeoJson data first and explicit cast the type later, there are more examples code in example folder.

Sample VectorTile fields

Encode

Create VectorTile from raw data and then encode it into protobuf file:

import 'package:vector_tile/raw/raw_vector_tile.dart';

main() async {
  var values = [
    createVectorTileValue(intValue: Int64(65)),
    createVectorTileValue(stringValue: 'basketball'),
  ];

  var features = [
      createVectorTileFeature(
        id: Int64(31162829580),
        tags: [0, 96, 1, 348],
        type: VectorTile_GeomType.POINT,
        geometry: [9, 8058, 1562],
      ),
  ];

  var layers = [
    createVectorTileLayer(
      name: 'building',
      extent: 4096,
      version: 2,
      keys: ['render_height', 'render_min_height'],
      values: values,
      features: features,
    ),
  ];

  var tile = createVectorTile(layers: layers);

  // Save to disk
  await encodeVectorTile(path: './gen/tile.pbf', tile: tile);
}

API

Class VectorTile:

  • T toGeoJson<T extends GeoJson>({int x, int y, int z}): Convert VectorTile to a GeoJson FeatureCollection. each Feature inside will include lon/lat coordinates calculating and will have generic type of GeoJson class because each geometry type will have different coordinates format. So you must given an explicit GeoJson type or do a type cast here (See decode example above).

Class VectorTileFeature:

  • decodeGeometry(): Decode geometry data from raw data, this data also will be used later when we call getGeoJson method.
  • T toGeoJson<T extends GeoJson>({int x, int y, int z}): Convert VectorTile Feature to GeoJson Feature format include lon/lat coordinates calculating, this method will return generic type of GeoJson class because each geometry type will have different coordinates format. So you must given an explicit GeoJson type or do a type cast here (See decode example above).

Sample VectorTile (raw) decoded (as JSON)

{
  "layers": [
    {
      "name": "poi",
      "features": {
        "id": 31162829580,
        "tags": [
          0,
          0,
          1,
          1
        ],
        "type": "POINT",
        "geometry": [
          9,
          8058,
          1562
        ]
      },
      "keys": [
        "render_height",
        "name"
      ],
      "values": [
        {
          "intValue": 65
        },
        {
          "stringValue": "basketball"
        }
      ],
      "extent": 4096,
      "version": 2
    }
  ]
}

Sample VectorTileFeature as GeoJson decoded

{ 
  "type": "Feature",
  "geometry": {"type": "Point", "coordinates": [102.0, 0.5]},
  "properties": {
    "render_height": 65,
    "name": "basketball"
  }
}

Libraries

command
geojson
geometry
raw_vector_tile
vector_tile
vector_tile.pb
vector_tile.pbenum
vector_tile.pbjson
vector_tile.pbserver
vector_tile_feature
vector_tile_geom_type
vector_tile_layer
vector_tile_value