List Operators

Dart

Introduction

The package list_operators uses Dart extensions to provide additional operators for objects of type List<num> and List<T extends Comparable>.

Usage

To use this package include list_operatos as a dependency in your pubspec.yaml file. The programs below demonstrates how to use the operators and methods defined by the library list_operators.

Methods and Operators For Objects of Type List<num>

import 'package:list_operators/list_operators.dart';

void main() {
  final a = [1, 2, 3];
  final b = [11, 12, 13];

  /// Use with List<num>
  print('Absolute value:');
  print((a - b).abs());
  print('');

  print('Addition:');
  print(a.plus(b));
  print('');

  print('Subtraction:');
  print(b - a);
  print('');

  print('Inner product:');
  print(a.innerProd(b));
  print('');

  print('Multiplication with a number:');
  print(a * 10);
  print('');

  print('Power');
  print(a.pow(2));
  print('');

  print('Exponentiation');
  print(a.exp());
  print(a.exp(2));
  print('');

  print('b.distanceFromOrigin()');
  print(b.distanceFromOrigin);
  print('');

  print('b.distance(a)');
  print(b.distance(a));
  print('');

  /// Dart built-in operator:
  print('Concatenation:');
  print(a + b);
  print('');

  // Creating an unmodifiable list view (recursively)
  print('\nCreating an unmodifiable list of an object of type List<List<T>>:');
  final list = [
    ['one'],
    ['two'],
  ];

  // Extension works for objects of type List<T> and List<List<T>>
  final listView = list.unmodifiable();

  // Prints: UnmodifiableListView<UnmodifiableListView<String>>
  print(listView.runtimeType);
}
Click to show console output.
$ dart numerical_list_example.dart
Absolute value:
[10, 10, 10]

Addition:
[12, 14, 16]

Subtraction:
[10, 10, 10]

Inner product:
74

Multiplication with a number:
[10, 20, 30]

Power
[1, 4, 9]

Exponentiation
[2.718281828459045, 7.38905609893065, 20.085536923187668]
[7.38905609893065, 54.598150033144236, 403.4287934927351]

b.distanceFromOrigin()
20.83266665599966

b.distance(a)
17.320508075688775

Concatenation:
[1, 2, 3, 11, 12, 13]

Creating an unmodifiable list of an object of type List<List<T>>:
UnmodifiableListView<UnmodifiableListView<String>>

Methods For Objects of Type Iterable<num>

import 'package:list_operators/list_operators.dart';

void main() {
  final b = [11, 12, 13];

  // Operators and method that work with Iterable<num>
  print('Minimum: b.min()');
  print(b.min());
  print('');

  print('Maximum: b.max()');
  print(b.max());
  print('');

  print('Mean: b.mean()');
  print(b.mean());
  print('');

  print('Product of all entries: b.prod()');
  print(b.prod());
  print('');

  print('Standard deviation: b.stdDev()');
  print(b.stdDev());
  print('');

  print('Sum: b.sum()');
  print(b.sum());
}

Click to show console output.
$ dart numerical_iterable_example.dart
Minimum: b.min()
11

Maximum: b.max()
13

Mean: b.mean()
12.0

Product of all entries: b.prod()
1716

Standard deviation: b.stdDev()
1.0

Sum: b.sum()
36


Operators For Objects of Type List<T extends Comparable>

import 'package:list_operators/list_operators.dart';

void main() {
  final a = [1, 2, 3];
  final b = [11, 12, 13];

  // Operators that work with List<T extends Comparable>
  print('a < b:');
  print(a < b);
  print('');

  print('a <= b:');
  print(a <= b);
  print('');

  print('a > b:');
  print(a > b);
  print('');

  print('b >= b:');
  print(b >= b);
  print('');

  final s1 = ['a1', 'a2'];
  final s2 = ['b1', 'b2'];

  print('s1 <= s2');
  print(s1 < s2);
}
Click to show console output.
$ dart comparable_list_example.dart
a < b:
true

a <= b:
true

a > b:
false

b >= b:
true

s1 <= s2
true

Methods for Exporting Numerical Lists as a String

import 'package:list_operators/list_operators.dart';
void main() {
  final a = [1, 2, 3];

  /// Exporting numerical lists to a `String` object.
  print('Exporting lists to String:');
  print(a.export(
    label: '<<Sample label>>',
    delimiter: ', ',
    precision: 4,
  ));

  print('Exporting an object of type List<List<num>> to String:');
  print('Each inner list is exported as a row.');
  print([
    [1, 2, 3],
    [101, 102, 103]
  ].export(label: '<<Sample label>>', precision: 6));

  print('Exporting an object of type List<List<num>> to String.');
  print('Inner lists are exported as columns.');
  print([
    [1, 2, 3],
    [101, 102, 103]
  ].export(
    label: '<<Sample label>>',
    precision: 6,
    flip: true,
  ));
}
Click to show console output.
$ dart export_to_string_example.dart
Exporting lists to String:
<<Sample label>>
1.000,
2.000,
3.000,

Exporting an object of type List<List<num>> to String:
Each inner list is exported as a row.
<<Sample label>>
1.00000 2.00000 3.00000
101.000 102.000 103.000

Exporting an object of type List<List<num>> to String.
Inner lists are exported as columns.
<<Sample label>>
1.00000 101.000
2.00000 102.000
3.00000 103.000

Limitations

In its current version, Dart does not support function (and implicitly operator) overloading. For this reason some numerical operations defined by list_operators are not symmetrical, even though intuitively they should be:

  • The expression [1, 2, 3] * 10 is defined and the result is [10, 20, 30].
  • The expression 10 * [1, 2, 3] is not defined since the * operator defined for objects of type int expects a second operand of type num.

Note: The + operator (concatenates two lists) is already defined by Dart's abstract class List and cannot be overridden by an extension on List. To add two numerical lists element by element use the method: List<num> plus(List<num> other).

Examples

The program shown above is included in the folder example.

Features and bugs

Please file feature requests and bugs at the issue tracker.

Libraries

list_operators
Library operators and functions for objects of type List<T extends Comparable>.