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Layout

pub package

Following the Material Design Guidelines, Layout encourage consistency across platforms, environments, and screen sizes by using uniform elements and spacing.

Install

Follow the instructions to install it here

Getting started

If you want to learn more in detail about layout in Material Design I recommend you the official website.

This package aims to provide the tools to implement a responsive layout in an easy and consistent way.

Everything starts with the Layout widget. Usually added at the top of your widget tree, but you can place it wherever you need it. It uses its widget constraints to calculate its breakpoint, columns, gutters, and margins.

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Layout(
      child: MaterialApp(
      ....
      ),
    );
  }

Breakpoints

A breakpoint is the range of predetermined screen sizes that have specific layout requirements. At a given breakpoint range, the layout adjusts to suit the screen size and orientation.

Each breakpoint range determines the number of columns, and recommended margins and gutters, for each display size.

By default the breakpoints are defined as:

  • xs: 0 – 599
  • sm: 600 – 1023
  • md: 1024 – 1439
  • lg: 1440 – 1919
  • lg: 1920 +
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    if(context.breakpoint > LayoutBreakpoint.md)
      return TabletView();
    else
      return MobileView();
  }

LayoutValues

A layout value is relative to the width of the screen. This way you can define responsive variable, reuse them and apply them when needed.

final double padding = context.layout.value(xs: 0.0, sm: 12.0, md: 24.0, lg: 32.0, xl: 48.0);

The most important layout values are the ones relative to the breakpoint. This are the most common an useful as you can define a value for a different breakpoint sizes. If a breakpoint is not provided, its value will correspond to the first previous/smaller breakpoint.

final double padding = context.layout.value(
     xs: 0.0,  // sm value will be like xs 0.0
     md: 24.0, // lg value will be like md 24.0
     xl: 48.0
);

Layout values can be reused in different parts of the app with even different Layout widgets. For that they need to be created as

final displaySidebar = LayoutValue.breakpoint(xs: false, md: true);
or
const displaySidebar = const BreakpointValue(xs: false, md: true);

Then it can be used in any widget that as some Layout up in the tree as:

if(displaySidebar.resolve(context))
  SideBar();

You can also create values relative to the layout width like.

final displaySidebar = LayoutValue.widthBuilder((width) => width > 600);

Margins

Margins are the space between content and the left and right edges of the screen.

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Margin(
      child: Text('This text),
    );
  }

Margin widths are defined as fixed values at each breakpoint range. To better adapt to the screen, the margin width can change at different breakpoints. Wider margins are more appropriate for larger screens, as they create more whitespace around the perimeter of content.

By default the margin values are the ones from the Material Design Guidelines. 16dp for screens with a width less than 720dp and 24 for bigger screens. You can override this values in any moment by providing the margin param.

Libraries

layout