Dart Kafka

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Kafka client library written in Dart.

Current status

This library is a work-in-progress. Currently all the updates are happening in kafka-0.10 branch:

  • Support for Kafka 0.10 APIs including Group Membership API
  • Implementation of HighLevelConsumer capable of automatic load-balancing and re-distribution of topics/partitions in case of failures.
  • Better testing framework.
  • Isolate-based distribution of consumer group members for better utilization of system resources.

Master branch currently targets 0.8.x versions of Kafka server.

Things that are not supported yet.

  • Snappy compression.

Installation

There is no Pub package yet, but it will be published as soon as APIs are stable enough.

For now you can use git dependency in your pubspec.yaml:

dependencies:
  kafka:
    git: https://github.com/armando-couto/kafkabr.git

And then import it as usual:

import 'package:kafkabr/kafka.dart';

Features

This library provides several high-level API objects to interact with Kafka:

  • KafkaSession - responsible for managing connections to Kafka brokers and coordinating all requests. Also provides access to metadata information.
  • Producer - publishes messages to Kafka topics
  • Consumer - consumes messages from Kafka topics and stores it's state (current offsets). Leverages ConsumerMetadata API via ConsumerGroup.
  • Fetcher - consumes messages from Kafka without storing state.
  • OffsetMaster - provides convenience on top of Offset API allowing to easily retrieve earliest and latest offsets of particular topic-partitions.
  • ConsumerGroup - provides convenience on top of Consumer Metadata API to easily fetch or commit consumer offsets.

Producer

Simple implementation of Kafka producer. Supports auto-detection of leaders for topic-partitions and creates separate ProduceRequests for each broker. Requests are sent in parallel and all responses are aggregated in special ProduceResult object.

// file:produce.dart
import 'dart:io';
import 'package:kafkabr/kafka.dart';

main(List<String> arguments) async {
  var host = new ContactPoint('127.0.0.1', 9092);
  var session = new KafkaSession([host]);

  var producer = new Producer(session, 1, 1000);
  var result = await producer.produce([
    new ProduceEnvelope('topicName', 0, [new Message('msgForPartition0'.codeUnits)]),
    new ProduceEnvelope('topicName', 1, [new Message('msgForPartition1'.codeUnits)])
  ]);
  print(result.hasErrors);
  print(result.offsets);
  session.close(); // make sure to always close the session when the work is done.
}

Result:

$ dart produce.dart
$ false
$ {dartKafkaTest: {0: 213075, 1: 201680}}

Consumer

High-level implementation of Kafka consumer which stores it's state using Kafka's ConsumerMetadata API.

If you don't want to keep state of consumed offsets take a look at Fetcher which was designed specifically for this use case.

Consumer returns messages as a Stream, so all standard stream operations should be applicable. However Kafka topics are ordered streams of messages with sequential offsets. Consumer implementation allows to preserve order of messages received from server. For this purpose all messages are wrapped in special MessageEnvelope object with following methods:

/// Signals to consumer that message has been processed and it's offset can
/// be committed.
void commit(String metadata);

/// Signals that message has been processed and we are ready for
/// the next one. Offset of this message will **not** be committed.
void ack();

/// Signals to consumer to cancel any further deliveries and close the stream.
void cancel();

One must call commit() or ack() for each processed message, otherwise Consumer won't send the next message to the stream.

Simplest example of a consumer:

import 'dart:io';
import 'dart:async';
import 'package:kafkabr/kafka.dart';

void main(List<String> arguments) async {
  var host = new ContactPoint('127.0.0.1', 9092);
  var session = new KafkaSession([host]);
  var group = new ConsumerGroup(session, 'consumerGroupName');
  var topics = {
    'topicName': [0, 1] // list of partitions to consume from.
  };

  var consumer = new Consumer(session, group, topics, 100, 1);
  await for (MessageEnvelope envelope in consumer.consume(limit: 3)) {
    // Assuming that messages were produces by Producer from previous example.
    var value = new String.fromCharCodes(envelope.message.value);
    print('Got message: ${envelope.offset}, ${value}');
    envelope.commit('metadata'); // Important.
  }
  session.close(); // make sure to always close the session when the work is done.
}

It is also possible to consume messages in batches for improved efficiency:

import 'dart:io';
import 'dart:async';
import 'package:kafkabr/kafka.dart';

void main(List<String> arguments) async {
  var host = new ContactPoint('127.0.0.1', 9092);
  var session = new KafkaSession([host]);
  var group = new ConsumerGroup(session, 'consumerGroupName');
  var topics = {
    'topicName': [0, 1] // list of partitions to consume from.
  };

  var consumer = new Consumer(session, group, topics, 100, 1);
  await for (BatchEnvelope batch in consumer.batchConsume(20)) {
    batch.items.forEach((MessageEnvelope envelope) {
      // use envelope as usual
    });
    batch.commit('metadata'); // use batch control methods instead of individual messages.
  }
  session.close(); // make sure to always close the session when the work is done.
}

Consumer offset reset strategy

Due to the fact that Kafka topics can be configured to delete old messages periodically, it is possible that your consumer offset may become invalid ( just because there is no such message/offset in Kafka topic anymore).

In such cases Consumer provides configurable strategy with following options:

  • OffsetOutOfRangeBehavior.throwError
  • OffsetOutOfRangeBehavior.resetToEarliest (default)
  • OffsetOutOfRangeBehavior.resetToLatest

By default if it gets OffsetOutOfRange server error it will reset it's offsets to earliest available in the consumed topic and partitions, which essentially means consuming all available messages from the beginning.

To modify this behavior simply set onOffsetOutOfRange property of consumer to one of the above values:

var consumer = new Consumer(session, group, topics, 100, 1);
consumer.onOffsetOutOfRange = OffsetOutOfRangeBehavior.throwError;

Supported protocol versions

Current version targets version 1.1.1 of the Kafka protocol. There is no plans to support earlier versions.

License

BSD-2

Publish

dart pub publish --dry-run
dart pub publish

Libraries

kafka
Apache Kafka client library for Dartlang
common
Common dependencies for other Kafka libraries withing this package.
protocol
Subpackage with implementation of Kafka protocol.