JSON:API is a specification for building APIs in JSON.

Client

Quick usage example:

import 'package:http/http.dart';
import 'package:json_api/json_api.dart';

void main() async {
  final httpClient = Client();
  final jsonApiClient = JsonApiClient(httpClient);
  final companiesUri = Uri.parse('http://localhost:8080/companies');
  final response = await jsonApiClient.fetchCollection(companiesUri);
  httpClient.close();
  print('Status: ${response.status}');
  print('Headers: ${response.headers}');

  final resource = response.data.unwrap().first;

  print('The collection page size is ${response.data.collection.length}');
  print('The first element is ${resource}');
  print('Attributes:');
  resource.attributes.forEach((k, v) => print('$k=$v'));
  print('Relationships:');
  resource.toOne.forEach((k, v) => print('$k=$v'));
  resource.toMany.forEach((k, v) => print('$k=$v'));
}

To see this in action:

  1. start the server:
$ dart example/cars_server.dart
Listening on 127.0.0.1:8080
  1. run the script:
$ dart example/fetch_collection.dart 
Status: 200
Headers: {x-frame-options: SAMEORIGIN, content-type: application/vnd.api+json, x-xss-protection: 1; mode=block, x-content-type-options: nosniff, transfer-encoding: chunked, access-control-allow-origin: *}
The collection page size is 1
The first element is Resource(companies:1)
Attributes:
name=Tesla
nasdaq=null
updatedAt=2019-07-07T13:08:18.125737
Relationships:
hq=Identifier(cities:2)
models=[Identifier(models:1), Identifier(models:2), Identifier(models:3), Identifier(models:4)]

The client provides a set of methods to deal with resources and relationships.

  • Fetching
  • Manipulating resources
  • Manipulating relationships
    • replaceToOne - replaces the existing to-one relationship with a new resource identifier
    • deleteToOne - deletes the existing to-one relationship by setting the resource identifier to null
    • replaceToMany - replaces the existing to-many relationship with the given set of resource identifiers
    • addToMany - adds the given identifiers to the existing to-many relationship

These methods accept the target URI and the object to update (except for fetch and delete requests). You can also pass an optional map of HTTP headers, e.g. for authentication. The return value is a Response object.

You can get the status of the Response from either Response.status or one of the following properties:

The Response also contains the raw Response.status and a map of HTTP headers. Two headers used by JSON:API can be accessed directly for your convenience:

The most important part of the Response is the Response.document containing the JSON:API document sent by the server (if any). If the document has the Primary Data, you can use Response.data shortcut to access it directly.

Included resources

If you requested related resources to be included in the response (see Compound Documents) and the server fulfilled your request, the PrimaryData.included property will contain them.

Errors

For unsuccessful operations the Response.data property will be null. If the server decided to include the error details in the response, those can be found in the Document.errors property.

Async processing

Some servers may support Asynchronous Processing. When the server responds with 202 Accepted, the client expects the Primary Data to always be a Resource (usually representing a job queue). In this case, Response.document and Response.data will be null. Instead, the response document will be placed to Response.asyncDocument (and Response.asyncData). Also in this case the Response.contentLocation will point to the job queue resource. You can fetch the job queue resource periodically and check the type of the returned resource. Once the operation is complete, the request will return the created resource.

Server

The server included in this package is still under development. It is not yet suitable for real production environment except maybe for really simple demo or testing cases.

URL Design

The URL Design specifies the structure of the URLs used for specific targets. The JSON:API standard describes 4 possible request targets:

  • Collections (parameterized by the resource type)
  • Individual resources (parameterized by the resource type and id)
  • Related resources and collections (parameterized by the resource type, resource id and the relation name)
  • Relationships (parameterized by the resource type, resource id and the relation name)

The URLBuilder builds those 4 kinds of URLs by the given parameters. The TargetMatcher does the opposite, it determines the target of the given URL (if possible). Together they form the UrlDesign.

This package provides one built-in implementation of UrlDesign which is called PathBasedUrlDesign. The PathBasedUrlDesign implements the Recommended URL Design allowing you to specify the a common prefix for all your JSON:API endpoints.

Libraries

client
document
json_api
query
server
url_design