🌊 Riverpod for Jaspr

Jaspr comes with a Riverpod package that ports over flutter_riverpod to Jaspr. It is based on Riverpod 2 and supports all providers and modifiers.

TLDR: Differences to flutter_riverpod

  • No Consumer / ConsumerComponent, just use context.read / context.watch
  • Additional SyncProvider to sync values between server and client.

Also check out this example.

🪄 Accessing Providers

While it has feature-parity for defining Providers, it comes with some quality-of-life improvements on the Consumer side. Mainly:

It does not have Comsumer, ComsumerWidget or StatefulConsumerWidget. This is because it does not rely on WidgetRef to access providers but instead comes with context extensions on the BuildContext of any component.

As an example, this (in Flutter):

// (Flutter)
// need to extend custom ConsumerWidget
class MyWidget extends ConsumerWidget {
  // need to accept custom WidgetRef
  Widget build(BuildContext context, WidgetRef ref) {
    // uses ref to access providers
    var value = ref.watch(myProvider);
    return Text(value);

is equivalent to this (in Jaspr)

// (Jaspr)
// just extends the normal component
class MyComponent extends StatelessComponent {
  // no extra parameter
  Iterable<Component> build(BuildContext context) sync* {
    // uses context to access providers
    var value = context.watch(myProvider);
    yield Text(value);

The extension on BuildContext supports all the normal methods from `WidgetRef``

  • context.read(),
  • context.watch(),
  • context.refresh(),
  • context.invalidate(),
  • context.listen()

Replacement for Consumer

Same as with ConsumerComponent, we don't need the Consumer anymore. If you want only parts of your component tree to rebuild when watching a provider, simply use the Builder component. This will give you a new context which you can call context.watch on:

  builder: (context) sync* {
    var value = context.watch(...);
    yield ...;

♻️ Preloading and Syncing Provider State

Jaspr allows StatefulComponents to preload state as well as sync state between server and client (when using server-side rendering).

Since providers often are used to replace StatefulComponents, jaspr_riverpod offers the same mechanisms inside a special provider, called SyncProvider:

final mySyncProvider = SyncProvider<int>((ref) async {
  // do some async work on the server, like fetching data from a database
  await Future.delayed(Duration(seconds: 1));
  return 100;
}, id: 'initial_count');

This provider needs an additional id to be synced with the client. The create function of a SyncProvider is only executed on the server, and never on the client. Instead the synced value is returned.

It then can be used like any other provider. It functions like a FutureProvider and exposes a value of type AsyncValue<T>.

📜 Backstory: Why context extensions instead of Consumer?

Put simply: Because they are easier and more flexible to use and require less boilerplate.

The actual question would be why they are not part of flutter_riverpod in the first place. This is because mainly context.watch is not feasible in flutter_riverpod.

This is a limitation by Flutter itself, not Riverpod. There are long standing bugs (or missing features depending on how you view it) in flutter with InheritedWidget that make it impossible for context.watch to work properly. Recently there have been efforts by the creator of riverpod to fix these bugs, but without success.

As jaspr is basically a complete rewrite of flutters core framework, I went ahead and fixed these bugs and thereby making context.watch feasible.