A package for working with GraphQL documents.

This package exports several libraries:

  • package:gql/language.dart provides ability to parse GraphQL string into AST and print AST as a string;
  • package:gql/ast.dart defines the AST and provides visitors and transformers;

⚠ Call for contributions ⚠

package:gql/document.dart implements some of the validation rules defined in GraphQL spec.

PRs are welcome to finish the validation support. Rules which are concerned with Schema validation should take preference over rules concerned with Document validation.

package:gql/language.dart

Parsing GraphQL documents

import "package:gql/language.dart" as lang;
import "package:gql/ast.dart" as ast;

void main() {
  final ast.DocumentNode doc = lang.parseString(
    r"""
      query UserInfo($id: ID!) {
        user(id: $id) {
          id
          name
        }
      }
    """,
  );

  print(
    (doc.definitions.first as ast.OperationDefinitionNode).name.value,
  ); // prints "UserInfo"
}

Printing GraphQL AST to string

import "package:gql/ast.dart" as ast;
import "package:gql/language.dart" as lang;

void main() {
  print(
    lang.printNode(
      const ast.SchemaDefinitionNode(
        operationTypes: [
          ast.OperationTypeDefinitionNode(
            operation: ast.OperationType.query,
            type: ast.NamedTypeNode(
              name: ast.NameNode(value: "MyQuery"),
              isNonNull: false,
            ),
          )
        ],
      ),
    ),
  );
  // prints
  // "schema {
  //   query: MyQuery
  // }"
}

package:gql/ast.dart

Visiting GraphQL AST nodes

import "package:gql/ast.dart" as ast;
import "package:gql/language.dart" as lang;

class TypeVisitor extends ast.RecursiveVisitor {
  Iterable<ast.ObjectTypeDefinitionNode> types = [];

  @override
  visitObjectTypeDefinitionNode(
    ast.ObjectTypeDefinitionNode node,
  ) {
    types = types.followedBy([node]);
    super.visitObjectTypeDefinitionNode(node);
  }
}

void main() {
  final ast.DocumentNode doc = lang.parseString(
    """
    type A { id: ID! }
    type B { id: ID! }
    type C { id: ID! }
    type D { id: ID! }
    type E { id: ID! }
    """,
  );

  final TypeVisitor v = TypeVisitor();

  doc.accept(v);

  print(
    v.types
        .map(
          (t) => t.name.value,
        )
        .join("\n"),
  );
  // prints
  // "A
  // B
  // C
  // D
  // E"
}

Transforming GraphQL documents

import "package:gql/ast.dart" as ast;
import "package:gql/language.dart" as lang;

class AddTypenames extends ast.TransformingVisitor {
  @override
  ast.FieldNode visitFieldNode(ast.FieldNode node) {
    if (node.selectionSet == null) {
      return node;
    }

    return ast.FieldNode(
      name: node.name,
      alias: node.alias,
      arguments: node.arguments,
      directives: node.directives,
      selectionSet: ast.SelectionSetNode(
        selections: <ast.SelectionNode>[
          ast.FieldNode(
            name: ast.NameNode(value: "__typename"),
          ),
          ...node.selectionSet.selections
        ],
      ),
    );
  }
}

void main() {
  final ast.DocumentNode doc = lang.parseString(
    r"""
      query UserInfo($id: ID!, $articleId: ID!) {
        user(id: $id) {
          id
          name
        }
        post(id: $articleId) {
          id
          title
          description
        }
      }
    """,
  );

  final ast.DocumentNode withTypenames = ast.transform(
    doc,
    [
      AddTypenames(),
    ],
  );

  print(
    lang.printNode(withTypenames),
  );
  // prints
  // "query UserInfo($id: ID!, $articleId: ID!) {
  //   user(id: $id) {
  //     __typename
  //     id
  //     name
  //   }
  //   post(id: $articleId) {
  //     __typename
  //     id
  //     title
  //     description
  //   }
  // }"
}

gql/schema.dart and gql/operation.dart (experimental)

gql/schema.dart and gql/operation.dart provide higher-level type definitions derived from gql/ast.dart asts for GraphQL Schemas and Operations respectively.

NOTE: does not currently have runtime features, such as field resolution. It was initially developed as a more friendly way to work with schema ASTs.

import "package:gql/language.dart" as lang;
import "package:gql/schema.dart" as gql_schema;
import "package:gql/operation.dart" as gql_operation;

final schemaDefinition = lang.parseString(r"""
schema {
  query: StarWarsQuery
}

interface Character {
  id: String
  name: String
}

type Droid implements Character {
  id: String
  name: String
  primaryFunction: String
}

type StarWarsQuery {
  droids: [Droid!]
}
""");

void inspectSchema() {
  final schema = gql_schema.GraphQLSchema.fromNode(schemaDefinition);

  final character =
      schema.getType("Character") as gql_schema.InterfaceTypeDefinition;
  final droid = schema.getType("Droid") as gql_schema.ObjectTypeDefinition;

  print(character.isImplementedBy(droid));
  // prints "true"

  print(schema.query.getField("droids").type.toString());
  // prints "[Droid!]"
}

final fragmentDefinitions = [
  lang.parseString(r"""
  fragment droidName on Droid {
    name
  }
  """),
];

final queryDefinition = lang.parseString(r"""
query AllDroids {
  droids {
    ...droidName
    primaryFunction
  }
}
""");

void inspectQuery() {
  final schema = gql_schema.GraphQLSchema.fromNode(schemaDefinition);

  final document = gql_operation.ExecutableDocument(
    queryDefinition,
    schema.getType,
    // necessary for dereferencing schema definitions
    fragmentDefinitions,
  );

  final importedFragment = document.getFragment("droidName");
  print(importedFragment);
  // prints the fagment above

  final query = document.operations.first;
  final droids = query.selectionSet.fields.first;
  final spreadDroidName = droids.selectionSet.fragmentSpreads.first;

  print(
    // dereference fragment spread into fragment definition
    spreadDroidName.fragment == importedFragment,
  );
}

void main() {
  inspectSchema();
  inspectQuery();
}

Features and bugs

Please file feature requests and bugs at the GitHub.

Libraries

ast
Basic tools to work with a GraphQL AST. [...]
document
language
Tools for GraphQL source parsing and AST printing.
operation
AST-based GraphQL Executable Definitions (operations). [...]
schema
AST-based GraphQL Schema Type Definitions. [...]