Form Factor Builder

A Flutter package for checking and building building widgets by form factor (desktop, tablet, mobile).

Setup

To get started, initialize the FormFactor instance with your desired breakpoints and a navigatorKey used to keep track of the current screen size:

import 'package:form_factor_builder/form_factor_builder.dart';

final navigatorKey = GlobalKey<NavigatorState>();

FormFactor.init(
  /// The breakpoints at which the form factor should switch from mobile to tablet and desktop.
  breakpoints: FormFactorBreakpoints(
    tablet: 760,
    desktop: 1280,
  ),
  /// A global navigator key used to determine the current screen size.
  navigatorKey: navigatorKey,
);

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  build(context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      home: Home(),
      /// Pass the same `navigatorKey` to the root of your app so that it maintains the current
      // screen size.
      navigatorKey: navigatorKey,
    );
  }
}

You can then make form factor checks throughout your application:

import 'package:form_factor_builder/form_factor_builder.dart';

if (FormFactor.instance.isDesktop) {
  print('desktop');
} else if (FormFactor.instance.isMobile) {
  print('mobile');
}

The FormFactorBuilder widget makes it easy to build different widgets by form factor:

import 'package:form_factor_builder/form_factor_builder.dart';

class MyWidget extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  build(context) {
    return FormFactorBuilder(
      mobileBuilder: (context) {...},
      builder: (context) {...},
    );
  }
}

The full list of builders you can specify are:

  • builder
  • mobileBuilder
  • tabletBuilder
  • desktopBuilder

The three more specific builders take precedence over the generic builder parameter, which can be used as a default if multiple form factors should share the same implementation.

Live updates

If you need the form factor you build to live update as the device's screen size changes such as when changing the window size of a Flutter web application on desktop or rotating a tablet from potrait to landscape, then you can add the FormFactorChangeListener widget at the root of your app:

import 'package:form_factor_builder/form_factor_builder.dart';

final navigatorKey = GlobalKey<NavigatorState>();

FormFactor.init(
  breakpoints: FormFactorBreakpoints(
    tablet: 760,
    desktop: 1280,
  ),
  navigatorKey: navigatorKey,
);

class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  @override
  build(context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      home: FormFactorChangeListener(
        child: Home(),
      ),
      navigatorKey: navigatorKey,
    );
  }
}

Now all FormFactorBuilder widgets will rebuild whenever the screen size changes.

Streaming changes

You can listen to a stream of form factor updates off of the FormFactor singleton:

FormFactor.instance.stream((formFactor) {
  print(formFactor); // desktop
});

This can be useful if you want to perform some side-effect when the form factor changes. One example might be for navigating off of screens that are specific to a particular form factor. You may be looking at a modal window on desktop that is actually a separate screen on mobile. To handle a scenario like this, we can perform a side effect like this:

FormFactors? prevFormFactor;

FormFactor.instance.stream((formFactor) {
  if (formFactor == FormFactors.mobile && prevFormFactor == FormFactors.desktop) {
    Navigator.of(context).pushReplacement(...);
  }
  prevFormFactor = formFactor;
});

To make this slightly simpler, you can use the FormFactor changes stream, which provides the current and previous value:

FormFactor.instance.changes((formFactors) {
  if (formFactor.first == FormFactors.mobile && formFactors.last == FormFactors.desktop) {
    Navigator.of(context).pushReplacement(...);
  }
});

Feedback welcome

Let us know if there are any issues or improvements you would like to see on the GitHub.

Libraries

form_factor
form_factor_builder
form_factor_change_listener