flutter_ffmpeg

GitHub release

FFmpeg plugin for Flutter. Supports iOS and Android.

1. Features

  • Based on MobileFFmpeg

  • Supports

    • Both Android (API Level 16+) and iOS (SDK 9.3+)

    • FFmpeg v4.2-dev-x (master) releases

    • arm-v7a, arm-v7a-neon, arm64-v8a, x86 and x86_64 architectures on Android

    • armv7, armv7s, arm64, arm64e, i386 and x86_64 architectures on iOS

    • 24 external libraries

      fontconfig, freetype, fribidi, gmp, gnutls, kvazaar, lame, libaom, libass, libiconv, libilbc, libtheora, libvorbis, libvpx, libwebp, libxml2, opencore-amr, opus, shine, snappy, soxr, speex, twolame, wavpack

    • 4 external libraries with GPL license

      vid.stab, x264, x265, xvidcore

    • zlib and MediaCodec Android system libraries

    • bzip2, zlib iOS system libraries and AudioToolbox, CoreImage, VideoToolbox, AVFoundation iOS system frameworks

  • Licensed under LGPL 3.0, can be customized to support GPL v3.0

  • Includes eight different packages with different external libraries enabled in FFmpeg

min min-gpl https https-gpl audio video full full-gpl
external libraries - vid.stab
x264
x265
xvidcore
gmp
gnutls
gmp
gnutls
vid.stab
x264
x265
xvidcore
lame
libilbc
libvorbis
opencore-amr
opus
shine
soxr
speex
twolame
wavpack
fontconfig
freetype
fribidi
kvazaar
libaom
libass
libiconv
libtheora
libvpx
libwebp
snappy
fontconfig
freetype
fribidi
gmp
gnutls
kvazaar
lame
libaom
libass
libiconv
libilbc
libtheora
libvorbis
libvpx
libwebp
libxml2
opencore-amr
opus
shine
snappy
soxr
speex
twolame
wavpack
fontconfig
freetype
fribidi
gmp
gnutls
kvazaar
lame
libaom
libass
libiconv
libilbc
libtheora
libvorbis
libvpx
libwebp
libxml2
opencore-amr
opus
shine
snappy
soxr
speex
twolame
vid.stab
wavpack
x264
x265
xvidcore
android system libraries zlib
MediaCodec
ios system libraries zlib
AudioToolbox
AVFoundation
CoreImage
VideoToolbox
bzip2

2. Installation

Add flutter_ffmpeg as a dependency in your pubspec.yaml file.

dependencies:
    flutter_ffmpeg: ^0.2.6

2.1 Packages

Installation of FlutterFFmpeg using pub enables the default package, which is based on https package. It is possible to enable other packages using the following steps.

  1. Use the following dependency block in your pubspec.yaml file.

     dependencies:
       flutter_ffmpeg:
         git:
           url: git://github.com/tanersener/flutter-ffmpeg.git
           ref: v0.2.6
           path: packages/flutter_ffmpeg_<package_name>
    
    
  2. Update version in ref: argument.

  3. Set package name in path: packages/flutter_ffmpeg_<package_name>[_lts] section. Include _lts postfix only if you want to depend on an LTS release.

2.2 Existing Applications

It is possible to add flutter_ffmpeg to existing applications using Add-to-App guide.

Please execute the following additional steps if you are integrating into an iOS application.

  1. Go to Build Phases of Pods -> FlutterPluginRegistrant target and add all frameworks under the Pods/mobile-ffmpeg-<package name> directory to the Link Binary With Libraries section

  2. Go to Build Phases of Pods -> FlutterPluginRegistrant target and add all system libraries/frameworks listed in Step 4 of Importing-Frameworks guide to the Link Binary With Libraries section

  3. Go to Build Phases of Pods -> FlutterPluginRegistrant target and add AVFoundation system framework to the Link Binary With Libraries section

2.3 LTS Releases

flutter_ffmpeg is published in two different variants: Main Release and LTS Release. Both releases share the same source code but is built with different settings. Below you can see the changes between the two.

In order to install the LTS variant, install the flutter_ffmpeg_https_lts package using instructions in 2.1 or append _lts to the package name you are using.

Main Release LTS Release
Android API Level 24 16
Android Camera Access Yes -
Android Architectures arm-v7a-neon
arm64-v8a
x86
x86-64
arm-v7a
arm-v7a-neon
arm64-v8a
x86
x86-64
Xcode Support 10.1 7.3.1
iOS SDK 12.1 9.3
iOS Architectures arm64
arm64e
x86-64
armv7
arm64
i386
x86-64

3. Using

  1. Execute commands.

    • Use execute() method with a single command line
     import 'package:flutter_ffmpeg/flutter_ffmpeg.dart';
    
     final FlutterFFmpeg _flutterFFmpeg = new FlutterFFmpeg();
    
     _flutterFFmpeg.execute("-i file1.mp4 -c:v mpeg4 file2.mp4").then((rc) => print("FFmpeg process exited with rc $rc"));
    
    • Use executeWithArguments() method with an array of arguments
     import 'package:flutter_ffmpeg/flutter_ffmpeg.dart';
    
     final FlutterFFmpeg _flutterFFmpeg = new FlutterFFmpeg();
    
     var arguments = ["-i", "file1.mp4", "-c:v", "mpeg4", "file2.mp4"];
     _flutterFFmpeg.executeWithArguments(arguments).then((rc) => print("FFmpeg process exited with rc $rc"));
    
  2. Check execution output. Zero represents successful execution, non-zero values represent failure.

     _flutterFFmpeg.getLastReturnCode().then((rc) => print("Last rc: $rc"));
    
     _flutterFFmpeg.getLastCommandOutput().then((output) => print("Last command output: $output"));
    
  3. Stop an ongoing operation. Note that this function does not wait for termination to complete and returns immediately.

     _flutterFFmpeg.cancel();
    
  4. Get media information for a file.

    • Print all fields
     _flutterFFmpeg.getMediaInformation("<file path or uri>").then((info) => print(info));
    
    • Print selected fields
     _flutterFFmpeg.getMediaInformation("<file path or uri>").then((info) {
         print("Media Information");
    
         print("Path: ${info['path']}");
         print("Format: ${info['format']}");
         print("Duration: ${info['duration']}");
         print("Start time: ${info['startTime']}");
         print("Bitrate: ${info['bitrate']}");
    
         if (info['streams'] != null) {
             final streamsInfoArray = info['streams'];
    
             if (streamsInfoArray.length > 0) {
                 for (var streamsInfo in streamsInfoArray) {
                     print("Stream id: ${streamsInfo['index']}");
                     print("Stream type: ${streamsInfo['type']}");
                     print("Stream codec: ${streamsInfo['codec']}");
                     print("Stream full codec: ${streamsInfo['fullCodec']}");
                     print("Stream format: ${streamsInfo['format']}");
                     print("Stream full format: ${streamsInfo['fullFormat']}");
                     print("Stream width: ${streamsInfo['width']}");
                     print("Stream height: ${streamsInfo['height']}");
                     print("Stream bitrate: ${streamsInfo['bitrate']}");
                     print("Stream sample rate: ${streamsInfo['sampleRate']}");
                     print("Stream sample format: ${streamsInfo['sampleFormat']}");
                     print("Stream channel layout: ${streamsInfo['channelLayout']}");
                     print("Stream sar: ${streamsInfo['sampleAspectRatio']}");
                     print("Stream dar: ${streamsInfo['displayAspectRatio']}");
                     print("Stream average frame rate: ${streamsInfo['averageFrameRate']}");
                     print("Stream real frame rate: ${streamsInfo['realFrameRate']}");
                     print("Stream time base: ${streamsInfo['timeBase']}");
                     print("Stream codec time base: ${streamsInfo['codecTimeBase']}");
    
                     final metadataMap = streamsInfo['metadata'];
                     if (metadataMap != null) {
                         print('Stream metadata encoder: ${metadataMap['encoder']}');
                         print('Stream metadata rotate: ${metadataMap['rotate']}');
                         print('Stream metadata creation time: ${metadataMap['creation_time']}');
                         print('Stream metadata handler name: ${metadataMap['handler_name']}');
                     }
    
                     final sideDataMap = streamsInfo['sidedata'];
                     if (sideDataMap != null) {
                         print('Stream side data displaymatrix: ${sideDataMap['displaymatrix']}');
                     }
                 }
             }
         }
    
    
  5. Enable log callback and redirect all FFmpeg logs to a console/file/widget.

     void logCallback(int level, String message) {
         print(message);
     }
     ...
     _flutterFFmpeg.enableLogCallback(this.logCallback);
    
  6. Enable statistics callback and follow the progress of an ongoing operation.

     void statisticsCallback(int time, int size, double bitrate, double speed, int videoFrameNumber, double videoQuality, double videoFps) {
         print("Statistics: time: $time, size: $size, bitrate: $bitrate, speed: $speed, videoFrameNumber: $videoFrameNumber, videoQuality: $videoQuality, videoFps: $videoFps");
     }
     ...
     _flutterFFmpeg.enableStatisticsCallback(this.statisticsCallback);
    
  7. Poll statistics without implementing statistics callback.

     _flutterFFmpeg.getLastReceivedStatistics().then((stats) => print(stats));
    
  8. Reset statistics before starting a new operation.

     _flutterFFmpeg.resetStatistics();
    
  9. Set log level.

     _flutterFFmpeg.setLogLevel(LogLevel.AV_LOG_WARNING);
    
  10. Register your own fonts by specifying a custom fonts directory, so they are available to use in FFmpeg filters.

    _flutterFFmpeg.setFontDirectory("<folder with fonts>");
    
  11. Use your own fontconfig configuration.

    _flutterFFmpeg.setFontconfigConfigurationPath("<fontconfig configuration directory>");
    
  12. Disable log functionality of the library. Logs will not be printed to console and log callback will be disabled.

    _flutterFFmpeg.disableLogs();
    
  13. Disable statistics functionality of the library. Statistics callback will be disabled but the last received statistics data will be still available.

    _flutterFFmpeg.disableStatistics();
    
  14. List enabled external libraries.

    _flutterFFmpeg.getExternalLibraries().then((packageList) {
         packageList.forEach((value) => print("External library: $value"));
    });
    

4. Tips

  • flutter_ffmpeg uses file system paths, it does not know what an assets folder or a project folder is. So you can't use resources on those folders directly, you need to provide full paths of those resources.

  • flutter_ffmpeg requires ios deployment target to be at least 9.3. If you don't specify a deployment target or set a value smaller than 9.3 then your build will fail with the following error.

      Resolving dependencies of `Podfile`
      [!] CocoaPods could not find compatible versions for pod "flutter_ffmpeg":
        In Podfile:
          flutter_ffmpeg (from `.symlinks/plugins/flutter_ffmpeg/ios`)
    
      Specs satisfying the `flutter_ffmpeg (from `.symlinks/plugins/flutter_ffmpeg/ios`)` dependency were found, but they required a higher minimum
      deployment target.
    

    You can fix this issue by adding platform :ios, '9.3' definition to your ios/Podfile file.

      platform :ios, '9.3'
    
  • flutter_ffmpeg includes native libraries that require ios deployment target to be at least 9.3. If a deployment target is not set or a value smaller than 9.3 is used then your build will fail with the following error.

      ld: targeted OS version does not support use of thread local variables in __gnutls_rnd_deinit for architecture x86_64
      clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)
    

    Unfortunately the latest versions of Flutter and Cocoapods have some issues about setting ios deployment target from Podfile. Having platform :ios, '9.3' in your Podfile is not enough. Runner project still uses the default value 8.0. You need to open Runner.xcworkspace in Xcode and set iOS Deployment Target of Runner project to 9.3 manually.

  • Enabling ProGuard on releases older than v0.2.4 causes linking errors. Please add the following rule inside your proguard-rules.pro file to preserve necessary method names and prevent linking errors.

      -keep class com.arthenica.mobileffmpeg.Config {
          native <methods>;
          void log(int, byte[]);
          void statistics(int, float, float, long , int, double, double);
      }
    
  • ffmpeg requires a valid fontconfig configuration to render subtitles. Unfortunately, Android does not include a default fontconfig configuration. So if you do not register a font or specify a fontconfig configuration under Android, then the burning process will not produce any errors but subtitles won't be burned in your file. You can overcome this situation by registering a font using setFontDirectory method or specifying your own fontconfig configuration using setFontconfigConfigurationPath method.

  • By default, Xcode compresses PNG files during packaging. If you use .png files in your commands make sure you set the following two settings to NO. If one of them is set to YES, your operations may fail with Error while decoding stream #0:0: Generic error in an external library error.

  • Some flutter_ffmpeg packages include libc++_shared.so native library. If a second library which also includes libc++_shared.so is added as a dependency, gradle fails with More than one file was found with OS independent path 'lib/x86/libc++_shared.so' error message.

    You can fix this error by adding the following block into your build.gradle.

    android {
        packagingOptions {
            pickFirst 'lib/x86/libc++_shared.so'
            pickFirst 'lib/x86_64/libc++_shared.so'
            pickFirst 'lib/armeabi-v7a/libc++_shared.so'
            pickFirst 'lib/arm64-v8a/libc++_shared.so'
        }
    }
    

5. Updates

Refer to Changelog for updates.

6. License

This project is licensed under the LGPL v3.0. However, if installation is customized to use a package with -gpl postfix (min-gpl, https-gpl, full-gpl) then FlutterFFmpeg is subject to the GPL v3.0 license.

Digital assets used in test applications are published in the public domain.

7. Contributing

Feel free to submit issues or pull requests.

8. See Also

Libraries

flutter_ffmpeg
log_level