Flutter AppAuth Plugin

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A Flutter bridge for AppAuth (https://appauth.io) used authenticating and authorizing users. Note that AppAuth also supports the PKCE extension that is required some providers so this plugin should work with them.

IMPORTANT NOTES:

  • This plugin requires apps to be using AndroidX. The Flutter tooling supports creating apps with AndroidX support but requires passing the androidx flag. Details on AndroidX compatibility and migration can be found here
  • If Chrome Custom Tabs are not working in your Android app, check to make sure that you have the latest version of this plugin, Android Studio, Gradle distribution and Android Gradle plugin for your app. There was previously a known issue with the Android tooling with AndroidX that should now be resolved since Android Studio 3.4 has been released

Getting Started

Please see the example that demonstrates how to sign into the IdentityServer4 demo site (https://demo.identityserver.io). It has also been tested with Azure B2C and Google Sign-in. It is suggested that developers check the documentation of the identity provider they are using to see what capabilities it supports e.g. how to logout, what values of the prompt parameter it supports etc. API docs can be found here

The first step is to create an instance of the plugin

FlutterAppAuth appAuth = FlutterAppAuth();

Afterwards, you'll reach a point where end-users need to be authorized and authenticated. A convenience method is provided that will perform an authorization request and automatically exchange the authorization code. This can be done in a few different ways, one of which is to use the OpenID Connect Discovery

final AuthorizationTokenResponse result = await appAuth.authorizeAndExchangeCode(
                    AuthorizationTokenRequest(
                      '<client_id>',
                      '<redirect_url>',
                      discoveryUrl: '<discovery_url>',
                      scopes: ['openid','profile', 'email', 'offline_access', 'api'],
                    ),
                  );

Here the <client_id> and <redirect_url> should be replaced by the values registered with your identity provider. The <discovery_url> would be the URL for the discovery endpoint exposed by your provider that will return a document containing information about the OAuth 2.0 endpoints among other things. This URL is obtained by concatenating the issuer with the path /.well-known/openid-configuration. For example, the full URL for the IdentityServer4 demo site is https://demo.identityserver.io/.well-known/openid-configuration. As demonstrated in the above sample code, it's also possible specify the scopes being requested.

Rather than using the full discovery URL, the issuer could be used instead so that the process retrieving the discovery document is skipped

final AuthorizationTokenResponse result = await appAuth.authorizeAndExchangeCode(
                    AuthorizationTokenRequest(
                      '<client_id>',
                      '<redirect_url>',
                      issuer: '<issuer>',
                      scopes: ['openid','profile', 'email', 'offline_access', 'api'],
                    ),
                  );

If you already know the authorization and token endpoints, which may be because discovery isn't supported, then these could be explicitly specified

final AuthorizationTokenResponse result = await appAuth.authorizeAndExchangeCode(
                    AuthorizationTokenRequest(
                      '<client_id>',
                      '<redirect_url>',
                      serviceConfiguration: AuthorizationServiceConfiguration('<authorization_endpoint>', '<token_endpoint>'),
                      scopes: ['openid','profile', 'email', 'offline_access', 'api']
                    ),
                  );

Upon completing the request successfully, the method should return an object (the result variable in the above sample code is an instance of the AuthorizationTokenResponse class) that contain details that should be stored for future use e.g. access token, refresh token etc.

If you would prefer to not have the automatic code exchange to happen then can call the authorize method instead of the authorizeAndExchangeCode method. This will return an instance of the AuthorizationResponse class that will contain the code verifier that AppAuth generated (as part of implementing PKCE) when issuing the authorization request, the authorization code and additional parameters should they exist. Both of the code verifier and authorization code would need to be stored so they can then be reused to exchange the code later on e.g.

final AuthorizationTokenResponse result = await appAuth.token(TokenRequest('<client_id>', '<redirect_url>',
        authorizationCode: '<authorization_code>',
        discoveryUrl: '<discovery_url>',
        codeVerifier: '<code_verifier>',
        scopes: ['openid','profile', 'email', 'offline_access', 'api']));

Refreshing tokens

Some providers may return a refresh token that could be used to refresh short-lived access tokens. A request to get a new access token before it expires could be made that would like similar to the following code

final AuthorizationTokenResponse result = await appAuth.token(TokenRequest('<client_id>', '<redirect_url>',
        discoveryUrl: '<discovery_url>',
        refreshToken: '<refresh_token>',
        scopes: ['openid','profile', 'email', 'offline_access', 'api']));

Android setup

Go to the build.gradle file for your Android app to specify the custom scheme so that there should be a section in it that look similar to the following but replace <your_custom_scheme> with the desired value

...
android {
    ...
    defaultConfig {
        ...
        manifestPlaceholders = [
                'appAuthRedirectScheme': '<your_custom_scheme>'
        ]
    }
}

iOS setup

Go to the Info.plist for your iOS app to specify the custom scheme so that there should be a section in it that look similar to the following but replace <your_custom_scheme> with the desired value

<key>CFBundleURLTypes</key>
<array>
    <dict>
        <key>CFBundleTypeRole</key>
        <string>Editor</string>
        <key>CFBundleURLSchemes</key>
        <array>
            <string><your_custom_scheme></string>
        </array>
    </dict>
</array>

Libraries

flutter_appauth