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fast_i18n

Lightweight i18n solution. Use JSON files to create typesafe translations.

Getting Started

Step 1: Add dependencies

dependencies:
  fast_i18n: ^2.1.0

dev_dependencies:
  build_runner: any

Step 2: Create JSON files

Create these files inside your lib directory. Preferably in one common package like lib/i18n.

strings.i18n.json (default, fallback)

{
  "hello": "Hello $name",
  "save": "Save",
  "login": {
    "success": "Logged in successfully",
    "fail": "Logged in failed"
  }
}

strings_de.i18n.json

{
  "hello": "Hallo $name",
  "save": "Speichern",
  "login": {
    "success": "Login erfolgreich",
    "fail": "Login fehlgeschlagen"
  }
}

Step 3: Generate the dart code

flutter pub run build_runner build

Step 4: Initialize

a) use device locale

void main() {
  WidgetsFlutterBinding.ensureInitialized();
  LocaleSettings.useDeviceLocale();
  runApp(MyApp());
}

b) use specific locale

@override
void initState() {
  super.initState();
  String storedLocale = loadFromStorage(); // your logic here
  LocaleSettings.setLocale(storedLocale);
}

Step 4b: iOS-only

File: ios/Runner/Info.plist

<key>CFBundleLocalizations</key>
<array>
   <string>en</string>
   <string>de</string>
</array>

Step 5: Use your translations

// raw string
String translated = t.hello(name: 'Tom');

// inside component
Text(t.login.success)

// advanced
TranslationProvider(child: MyApp()); // wrap your app with the TranslationProvider
final t = Translations.of(context); // reacts on locale changes
String translateAdvanced = t.hello(name: 'Tom');

API

When the dart code has been generated, you will see some useful classes and functions

t - the translate variable for simple translations

Translations.of(context) - translations which reacts to locale changes

TranslationProvider - App wrapper, used for Translations.of(context)

LocaleSettings.useDeviceLocale() - use the locale of the device

LocaleSettings.setLocale('de') - change the locale

LocaleSettings.currentLocale - get the current locale

LocaleSettings.locales - get the supported locales

Configuration

All settings can be set in the build.yaml file. Place it in the root directory.

targets:
  $default:
    builders:
      fast_i18n:i18nBuilder:
        options:
          base_locale: en
          input_directory: lib/i18n
          input_file_pattern: .i18n.json
          output_directory: lib/i18n
          output_file_pattern: .g.dart
          key_case: snake
          maps:
            - a
            - b
            - c.d
KeyTypeUsageDefault
base_localeStringlocale of default jsonen
input_directoryStringpath to input directorynull (whole project)
input_file_patternStringinput file pattern.i18n.json
output_directoryStringpath to output directorynull (whole project)
output_file_patternStringoutput file pattern.g.dart
key_casesnake or cameltransform keys to snake or camel casenull (no transform)
mapsList<String>entries which should be accessed via keys[]

Additional features

Maps

Sometimes you need to access the translations via keys. Define the maps in your config.i18n.json. Keep in mind that all nice features like autocompletion are gone.

strings.i18n.json

{
  "welcome": "Welcome",
  "thisIsAMap": {
    "hello world": "hello"
  },
  "classicClass": {
    "hello": "hello",
    "aMapInClass": {
      "hi": "hi"
    }
  }
}

build.yaml

targets:
  $default:
    builders:
      fast_i18n:i18nBuilder:
        options:
          maps:
            - thisIsAMap
            - classicClass.aMapInClass

Now you can access this via key:

String a = t.thisIsAMap['hello world'];
String b = t.classicClass.hello; // the "classical" way
String c = t.classicClass.aMapInClass['hi']; // nested

Lists

Lists are fully supported.

{
  "niceList": [
    "hello",
    "nice",
    [
      "nestedList"
    ],
    {
      "wow": "wow"
    },
    {
      "a map entry": "cool"
    }
  ]
}
String a = t.niceList[1];
String b = t.niceList[2][0];
String c = t.niceList[3].wow;
String d = t.niceList[4]['a map entry'];

License

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2020 Tien Do Nam

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Libraries

builder
fast_i18n
utils