color_models

pub package style: effective dart

A package with models for defining colors in the CMYK, HSI, HSL, HSP, HSV, LAB, RGB, and XYZ color spaces, with methods for converting colors between spaces and adjusting their properties.

For use with Flutter, see: https://pub.dev/packages/flutter_color_models

Check out palette, a package for creating, generating, and modifying color palettes.

Usage

import 'package:color_models/color_models.dart';

Color Spaces

color_models exposes models for the CMYK, HSI, HSL, HSP, HSV, LAB, RGB, and XYZ color spaces; represented as CmykColor, HsiColor, HslColor, HspColor, HsvColor, LabColor, RgbColor, and XyzColor respectively.

Each model is constant and extends ColorModel.

Creating Colors

Colors can be created by constructing a ColorModel directly, or with the fromList or extrapolate constructors. extrapolate accepts each model's respective values on a 0 to 1 scale, and extrapolates them to their normal scale.

Each model posesses values for each property of their respective acronyms, as well as an optional alpha value.

// Each of the below colors is red at 100% opacity.

// RGB without alpha
RgbColor(255, 0, 0);
RgbColor.fromList(<num>[255, 0, 0]);
RgbColor.extrapolate(<num>[1.0, 0.0, 0.0]);

// RGB with alpha
RgbColor(255, 0, 0, 1.0);
RgbColor.fromList(<num>[255, 0, 0, 1.0]);
RgbColor.extrapolate(<num>[1.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0]);

// CMYK without alpha
CmykColor(0.0, 100.0, 100.0, 0.0);
CmykColor.fromList(<num>[0.0, 100.0, 100.0, 0.0]);
CmykColor.extrapolate(<num>[0.0, 1.0, 1.0, 0.0]);

// CMYK with alpha
CmykColor(0.0, 100.0, 100.0, 0.0, 1.0);
CmykColor.fromList(<num>[0.0, 100.0, 100.0, 0.0, 1.0]);
CmykColor.extrapolate(<num>[0.0, 1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0]);

// HSL without alpha
HslColor(0.0, 100.0, 50.0);
HslColor.fromList(<num>[0.0, 100.0, 50.0]);
HslColor.extrapolate(<num>[0.0, 1.0, 0.5]);

// HSL with alpha
HslColor(0.0, 100.0, 50.0, 1.0);
HslColor.fromList(<num>[0.0, 100.0, 50.0, 1.0]);
HslColor.extrapolate(<num>[0.0, 1.0, 0.5, 1.0]);

Converting Colors Between Spaces

Each color model has methods to convert itself to every other color model.

CmykColor toCmykColor();

HsiColor toHsiColor();

HslColor toHslColor();

HspColor toHspColor();

HsvColor toHsvColor();

LabColor toLabColor();

RgbColor toRgbColor();

XyzColor toXyzColor();

Altenatively, each color model has a constructor ColorModel.from that returns a color from any color space in the color space being called.

// Create a HSV color
var originalColor = HsvColor(0.3, 0.8, 0.7);

// Convert it to RGB => RgbColor(64, 179, 36)
var rgbColor = RgbColor.from(originalColor);

// Then to CMYK => CmykColor(64.25, 0, 79.89, 29.8)
var cmykColor = CmykColor.from(rgbColor);

// Back to HSV => HsvColor(0.3, 0.8, 0.7)
var hsvColor = HsvColor.from(cmykColor);

Note: All color conversions use the RGB color space as an intermediary. To minimize the loss of precision when converting between other color spaces, RgbColor privately stores the RGB values as nums rather than ints. The num values can be returned as a list with RgbColor's toPreciseList() method.

Color Adjustments

For convenience, each ColorModel has 2 getters, inverted and opposite, and 3 methods, cooler, warmer and rotateHue, for generating new colors.

inverted inverts the colors properties within their respective ranges, excluding hue, which is instead rotated 180 degrees.

final orange = RgbColor(255, 144, 0);

print(orange.inverted); // RgbColor(0, 111, 255);

opposite returns the color with the hue opposite this. opposite is shorthand for color.rotateHue(180).

rotateHue rotates the hue of the color by the amount specified in degrees. Colors in the CMYK, LAB, RGB, and XYZ color spaces will be converted to and from the HSL color space where the hue will be rotated.

final orange = RgbColor(255, 144, 0);

print(orange.opposite); // RgbColor(0, 111, 255);

print(orange.rotateHue(30)); // RgbColor(239, 255, 0);

print(orange.rotateHue(-30)); // RgbColor(255, 17, 0);

warmer and cooler will rotate the hue of the color by the amount specified towards 90 degrees and 270 degrees, respectively. The hue's value will be capped at 90 or 270.

final orange = RgbColor(255, 144, 0);

print(orange.warmer(30)); // RgbColor(239, 255, 0);

print(orange.cooler(30)); // RgbColor(255, 17, 0);

Interpolating Between Colors

Each color model has a method, interpolateTo, that calculates a specified number of steps between this color and a color provided to the method, returning all of the colors inbetween the two colors in a list. Colors will be returned in the color space of the color the method is called on.

final color1 = RgbColor(255, 0, 0); // red
final color2 = RgbColor(0, 0, 255); // blue

/// Calculate a [List<RgbColor>] of 5 colors: [color1], [color2] and the 3 steps inbetween.
final colors = color1.interpolateTo(color2, 3);

// [RgbColor(255, 0, 0, 1.0), RgbColor(191, 0, 64, 1.0), RgbColor(128, 0, 128, 1.0), RgbColor(64, 0, 191, 1.0), RgbColor(0, 0, 255, 1.0)]
print(colors);

/// To return only the steps in between [color1] and [color2], the [excludeOriginalColors] parameter can be set to `true`.
final steps = color1.interpolateTo(color2, 3, excludeOriginalColors: true);

// [RgbColor(191, 0, 64, 1.0), RgbColor(128, 0, 128, 1.0), RgbColor(64, 0, 191, 1.0)]
print(steps);

Libraries

color_models