Sqfly is a simple ORM inspired from ActiveRecord, built ontop of Sqflite and uses DAO architecture.

  1. How does it work
  2. Getting Started
  3. Data Access Objects
    1. Queries
    2. Finders
    3. Persistence
    4. Calculations
    5. Helpers
    6. Relations
      1. Belongs To
      2. Has One
      3. Has Many
    7. Custom Queries
  4. In-Memory
  5. Migration
  6. Import
  7. Logger
  8. Examples

How does it work:

Sqlfy is an ORM inspired form ActiveRecord and depends on CREATE TABLE command which uses Regular Expression (RegExp) to analysis table defentions:

  • Table name.
  • Columns definition.
  • Primary key.
  • Foreign keys.

Note: Sqfly is a runtime library so it dosen't depend on generate code using source_gen.

Getting Started

  1. Add to your dependencies:
dependencies:
  sqfly: ^x.x.x
  1. Create a Model
// models/person.dart
class Person {
  final int id;
  final String name;
  final int age;

  const Person({this.id, this.name});

  Person.fromMap(Map<String, dynamic> map)
      : id = map['id'],
        name = map['name'],
        age = map['age'];

  Map<String, dynamic> toMap() => {
        'id': id,
        'name': name,
        'age': age,
      };
}
  1. Create a Data Access Object (DAO)
// daos/person_dao.dart
class PersonDao extends Dao<Person> {
  PersonDao()
      : super(
          '''
          CREATE TABLE persons (
            id   INTEGER NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,
            name TEXT    NOT NULL,
            age  INTEGER NOT NULL
          )
          ''',
          // use to decode and encode person
          converter: Converter(
            encode: (person) => Person.fromMap(person),
            decode: (person) => person.toMap(),
          ),
        );
}
  1. Initilize your database
final sqfly = await Sqfly(
  /// database name
  name: 'example',
  // database version
  version: 1,
  /// pass all your daos
  daos: [
    PersonDao(),
  ],
).init();
  1. Usage
sqfly<UserDao>().foo().bar();

Data Access Objects

Queries

/// SELECT * FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().all; // | toList()

/// SELECT id FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().select(['id']).toList(); // [Person, ...]

/// SELECT * FROM persons WHERE name = 'Sam' OR name = 'Mike'
sqfly<PersonDao>().where({'name': 'Sam'}).or({'name': 'Mike'}).toList();

/// To use any other operation just pass it after attribute
// SELECT * FROM persons where age >= 5
sqfly<PersonDao>().where({'age >= ?': 5}).toList();

// SELECT * FROM persons ORDER BY name DESC
sqfly<PersonDao>().order('name DESC').toList();

// SELECT * FROM persons GROUP BY name HAVING LENGTH(name) > 3
sqfly<PersonDao>().group(['name']).having('LENGTH(name) > 3').toList();

// SELECT * FROM persons LIMIT 50 OFFSET 100
sqfly<PersonDao>().limit(1).offset(10).toList();

// SELECT DISTINCT * FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().distinct().toList();

Includes

// SELECT * FROM persons
// SELECT * FROM dogs WHERE id IN (1)
sqfly<PersonDao>().includes([DogDao]).toList();
// [Person(id: 1, name: 'Sam', dogs: [Dog(id: 1, title: 'Roze')])]

Joins

// SELECT
//   dogs.*,
//   persons.id AS person_id,
//   persons.name AS person_name,
// FROM dogs
//   INNER JOIN persons ON persons.id = dogs.person_id
sqfly<DogDao>().joins([PersonDao]).toList();
// [Dog(id: 1, title: 'Roze', person: Person(id: 1, name: 'Sam'))]

Finders

// SELECT * FROM persons WHERE name = 'Mike' LIMIT 1
sqfly<PersonDao>().isExists({'name': 'Mike'}); // true

// SELECT * FROM persons WHERE id = 1 LIMIT 1
sqfly<PersonDao>().find(1); // Person

// SELECT * FROM persons WHERE name = 'Mike' LIMIT 1
sqfly<PersonDao>().findBy({'name': 'Mike'}); // Person

// SELECT * FROM persons WHERE id = 1 LIMIT 1
sqfly<PersonDao>().find(1); // Person

// SELECT * FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().first; // first item from select

// SELECT * FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().last; // last item from select

// SELECT * FROM persons LIMIT 1
sqfly<PersonDao>().take();
//  SELECT * FROM persons LIMIT 3
sqfly<PersonDao>().take(3);

Persistence

final person = Person(id: 1, name: 'Sam', age: 33);

// INSERT INTO persons (id, name) VALUES (1, 'Sam')
sqfly<PersonDao>().create(person); // | createAll
// Also you can use `insert` which accepts map
sqfly<PersonDao>().insert(person.toMap()); // insertAll

// UPDATE persons SET name = 'Steve', age = 33 WHERE id = 1
sqfly<PersonDao>().update(person..name = 'Steve'); // | updateAll

// DELETE FROM persons WHERE id = 1
sqfly<PersonDao>().delete(person);

// DELETE FROM persons WHERE id = 1
sqfly<PersonDao>().destroy(1); // destroyAll (truncate)

One to one

// INSERT INTO persons (id, name, age) VALUES (NULL, 'Sam', 16);
// INSERT INTO dogs (id, title, person_id) VALUES (NULL, 'Roze', 1);
sqfly<DogDao>().create(
  Dog(
      title: 'Roze',
      person: Person(name: 'Sam', age: 16),
    ),
)

One to many

// INSERT INTO persons (id, name, age) VALUES (NULL, 'Mike', 21);
// INSERT INTO dogs (id, title, person_id) VALUES (NULL, 'Roze', 1);
sqfly<PersonDao>().create(
  Person(
      name: 'Mike',
      age: 21,
      dogs: [
        Dog(title: 'Roze'),
        // ...
      ],
    ),
)

Calculations

/// SELECT COUNT(*) FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().count(); // 3

/// SELECT COUNT(name) FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().count('name'); // 3

/// SELECT AVG(age) FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().average('age'); // 7.4

/// SELECT id FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().ids; // [1, 2, 3, ..]

/// SELECT MAX(age) FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().maximum('age'); // 10

/// SELECT MIN(age) FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().minimum('age'); // 1

/// SELECT name, age FROM persons LIMIT 1
sqfly<PersonDao>().pick(['name', 'age']); // ['Mike', 10]

/// SELECT name FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().pluck(['name', 'age']); // [['Mike', 'Sam'], ...]

/// SELECT SUM(age) FROM persons
sqfly<PersonDao>().sum('age'); // 10.1

Helpers

/// convert query to list
sqfly<PersonDao>().foo().bar().toList(); // [Person, ...]
/// convert query to map
sqfly<PersonDao>().foo().bar().toMap(); // [{id: 1, name: 'Mike', age: 10}, ...]

/// alias [count] > 0
sqfly<PersonDao>().foo().bar().isEmpty; // | isNotEmpty

Relations

Make sure to add FOREIGN KEY between tables.

Belongs To

// daos/todo_dao.dart
class DogDao extends Dao<Dog> {
  DogDao()
      : super(
+          relations: [
+            /// Make sure to add forign_key in sql defention
+            BelongsTo<PersonDao>(),
+          ],
        );
}

Has One

// daos/todo_dao.dart
class DogDao extends Dao<Dog> {
  DogDao()
      : super(
+          relations: [
+            HasOne<PersonDao>(),
+          ],
        );
}

Has Many

// daos/person_dao.dart
class PersonDao extends Dao<Person> {
 PersonDao()
      : super(
+          relations: [
+            HasMany<DogDao>(),
+          ],
        );
}

Custom Queries

Sqlfy is scalable with custom and complex queries so for example let's say we want to filter adult people we can add:

class PersonDao extends Dao<Person> {
  ...
+  Future<List<Person>> get adults {
+    return where({'age >= ?': 18}).toList();
+  }
  ...
}

You can also use more complex queries by accessing database object

class PersonDao extends Dao<Person> {
  ...
+  Future<List<Person>> get custom async {
+     // Use your custom query
+     final results = await database.rawQuery('SELECT * FROM people');
+
+     // when returning result use converter
+     return results.map((result) => converter.encode(result) as Person).toList();
+  }
  ...
}

In-Memory

To use in-memory database set memory property to true

final sqfly = Sqfly(
+  memory: true',
)

Import

To import exists database:

  1. Copy exists database to assets/database.db
  2. Add path to assets in pubspec.yaml
+ flutter:
+   assets:
+     - assets/database.db
  1. Set import property to true
final sqfly = Sqfly(
+  import: true,
)
  1. Run

Migration

Because of depends on CREATE TABLE command as explaned above so that prevent using migrations because all new migrations will not be avalible in SQL command that located inside Dao class, so one of the best soultions was to use force migration by creating new table and move all data:

  1. Modify your sql command by adding or removing some defention for example:
class PersonDao extends Dao<Person> {
  PersonDao()
      : super(
          '''
          CREATE TABLE persons (
            id   INTEGER NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT,
            name  TEXT    NOT NULL,
            age   INTEGER NOT NULL,
+           phone INTEGER NOT NULL
          )
          ''',
        );
}
  1. Change database version.
final sqfly = Sqfly(
-  version: 1,
+  version: 2, // or any version your want
).init();
  1. Have fun

Note: Don't add NOT NULL columns while migrating unless you pass DEFAULT value.

To know more visit github.

Logger

Sqfly delivers the same ActiveRecord logger as shown below

VSCode Sqfly Logger

Note: By default logger is enabled while you're in debug mode, if you want to disable it just set logger property to false.

final sqfly = Sqfly(
+  logger: false,
)

Examples

Features & Bugs

Feature requests and bugs at the issue tracker.

Libraries

sqfly