Flutter Community: incub_downloader

Flutter Downloader

pub package

A plugin for creating and managing download tasks. Supports iOS and Android.

This plugin is based on WorkManager in Android and NSURLSessionDownloadTask in iOS to run download task in background mode.

iOS integration

Required configuration:

Note: following steps requires to open your ios project in Xcode.

  • Enable background mode.
  • Add sqlite library.

  • Configure AppDelegate:
/// AppDelegate.h
#import <Flutter/Flutter.h>
#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

@interface AppDelegate : FlutterAppDelegate

// AppDelegate.m
#include "AppDelegate.h"
#include "GeneratedPluginRegistrant.h"
#include "FlutterDownloaderPlugin.h"

@implementation AppDelegate

void registerPlugins(NSObject<FlutterPluginRegistry>* registry) {
  [GeneratedPluginRegistrant registerWithRegistry:registry];

- (BOOL)application:(UIApplication *)application
    didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:(NSDictionary *)launchOptions {
  [GeneratedPluginRegistrant registerWithRegistry:self];
  [FlutterDownloaderPlugin setPluginRegistrantCallback:registerPlugins];
  // Override point for customization after application launch.
  return [super application:application didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:launchOptions];


Optional configuration:

  • Support HTTP request: if you want to download file with HTTP request, you need to disable Apple Transport Security (ATS) feature. There're two options:
  1. Disable ATS for a specific domain only: (add following codes to your Info.plist file)
      <!-- add this key to enable subdomains such as sub.yourserver.com -->
      <!-- add this key to allow standard HTTP requests, thus negating the ATS -->
      <!-- add this key to specify the minimum TLS version to accept -->
  1. Completely disable ATS: (add following codes to your Info.plist file)
  • Configure maximum number of concurrent tasks: the plugin allows 3 download tasks running at a moment by default (if you enqueue more than 3 tasks, there're only 3 tasks running, other tasks are put in pending state). You can change this number by adding following codes to your Info.plist file.
<!-- changes this number to configure the maximum number of concurrent tasks -->
  • Localize notification messages: the plugin will send a notification message to notify user in case all files are downloaded while your application is not running in foreground. This message is English by default. You can localize this message by adding and localizing following message in Info.plist file. (you can find the detail of Info.plist localization in this link)
<string>All files have been downloaded</string>


  • This plugin only supports save files in NSDocumentDirectory

Android integration

Required configuration:

  • Configure Application:
// MyApplication.java
public class MyApplication extends FlutterApplication implements PluginRegistry.PluginRegistrantCallback {
    public void registerWith(PluginRegistry registry) {
<!-- AndroidManifest.xml -->
  • In order to handle click action on notification to open the downloaded file on Android, you need to add some additional configurations. Add the following codes to your AndroidManifest.xml:


  • You have to save your downloaded files in external storage (where the other applications have permission to read your files)
  • The downloaded files are only able to be opened if your device has at least an application that can read these file types (mp3, pdf, etc)

Optional configuration:

  • Configure maximum number of concurrent tasks: the plugin depends on WorkManager library and WorkManager depends on the number of available processor to configure the maximum number of tasks running at a moment. You can setup a fixed number for this configuration by adding following codes to your AndroidManifest.xml:
     android:exported="false" />

     <!-- changes this number to configure the maximum number of concurrent tasks -->
         android:value="5" />
  • Localize notification messages: you can localize notification messages of download progress by localizing following messages. (you can find the detail of string localization in Android in this link)
<string name="incub_downloader_notification_started">Download started</string>
<string name="incub_downloader_notification_in_progress">Download in progress</string>
<string name="incub_downloader_notification_canceled">Download canceled</string>
<string name="incub_downloader_notification_failed">Download failed</string>
<string name="incub_downloader_notification_complete">Download complete</string>
<string name="incub_downloader_notification_paused">Download paused</string>
  • PackageInstaller: in order to open APK files, your application needs REQUEST_INSTALL_PACKAGES permission. Add following codes in your AndroidManifest.xml:
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.REQUEST_INSTALL_PACKAGES" />


Import package:

import 'package:incub_downloader/incub_downloader.dart';

Create new download task:

final taskId = await FlutterDownloader.enqueue(
  url: 'your download link',
  savedDir: 'the path of directory where you want to save downloaded files',
  showNotification: true, // show download progress in status bar (for Android)
  openFileFromNotification: true, // click on notification to open downloaded file (for Android)

Update download progress:

FlutterDownloader.registerCallback(callback); // callback is a top-level or static function

Important note: your UI is rendered in the main isolate, while download events come from a background isolate (in other words, codes in callback are run in the background isolate), so you have to handle the communication between two isolates. For example:

ReceivePort _port = ReceivePort();

void initState() {

	IsolateNameServer.registerPortWithName(_port.sendPort, 'downloader_send_port');
	_port.listen((dynamic data) {
		String id = data[0];
		DownloadTaskStatus status = data[1];
		int progress = data[2];
		setState((){ });


static void downloadCallback(String id, DownloadTaskStatus status, int progress) {
	final SendPort send = IsolateNameServer.lookupPortByName('downloader_send_port');
	send.send([id, status, progress]);

Load all tasks:

final tasks = await FlutterDownloader.loadTasks();

Load tasks with conditions:

final tasks = await FlutterDownloader.loadTasksWithRawQuery(query: query);
  • Note: In order to parse data into DownloadTask object successfully, you should load data with all fields from DB (in the other word, use: SELECT * ). For example:
SELECT * FROM task WHERE status=3
  • Note: the following is the schema of task table where this plugin stores tasks information
	`task_id`	VARCHAR ( 256 ),
	`url`	TEXT,
	`status`	INTEGER DEFAULT 0,
	`progress`	INTEGER DEFAULT 0,
	`file_name`	TEXT,
	`saved_dir`	TEXT,
	`resumable`	TINYINT DEFAULT 0,
	`headers`	TEXT,
	`show_notification`	TINYINT DEFAULT 0,
	`open_file_from_notification`	TINYINT DEFAULT 0,
	`time_created`	INTEGER DEFAULT 0

Cancel a task:

FlutterDownloader.cancel(taskId: taskId);

Cancel all tasks:


Pause a task:

FlutterDownloader.pause(taskId: taskId);

Resume a task:

FlutterDownloader.resume(taskId: taskId);
  • Note: resume() will return a new taskId corresponding to a new background task that is created to continue the download process. You should replace the original taskId (that is marked as paused status) by this new taskId to continue tracking the download progress.

Retry a failed task:

FlutterDownloader.retry(taskId: taskId);
  • Note: retry() will return a new taskId (like resume())

Remove a task:

FlutterDownloader.remove(taskId: taskId, shouldDeleteContent:false);

Open and preview a downloaded file:

FlutterDownloader.open(taskId: taskId);
  • Note: in Android, you can only open a downloaded file if it is placed in the external storage and there's at least one application that can read that file type on your device.


If you encounter any problems feel free to open an issue. If you feel the library is missing a feature, please raise a ticket on Github. Pull request are also welcome.


  • author: hunghd
  • email: hunghd.yb@gmail.com
  • [...]